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Talk on psychology

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Brief details of student Psychology...All should know to dela with them effectively..This is talk delivered to the teaching staffs of KV school for the better understanding of the psychology of …

Brief details of student Psychology...All should know to dela with them effectively..This is talk delivered to the teaching staffs of KV school for the better understanding of the psychology of students. This will enable all to know and plan out their own way to guide students in a better perspective in a organised way. Wishing you all the best. May God help you all.......


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  • 1. A Talk On PSYCHOLOGY OF PRIMARY, MIDDLE CLASS , SECONDARY & SENIOR SECONDARY CLASS STUDENTS AND HOW TO DEAL WITH THEM By Subhransu Sekhar Jena Research Scholar in Management MBA(HR), MA Psychology, MS in Psychotherapy & Counselling, LLB, B.Sc ( Zoology Hons)
  • 2. • INTRODUCTION • DEFINITION OF PSYCHOLOGY • PRINCIPLE OF DEVELOPMENT • PIGET’S MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL PERIODS • ERICKSON’S STAGES OF LIFE • DIFFERENT PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTAL TRAITS OF PRMARY & MIDDLE CLASS STUDENTS • HOW TO DEAL WITH PRIMARY & MIDDLE CLASS STUDENTS • DIFFERENT PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTAL TRAITS OF SECONDARY & SENIOR SECONDARY CLASS STUDENTS • HOW TO DEAL WITH SECONDARY & SENIOR SECONDARY CLASS STUDENTS • DOUBTS & QUESTIONS • CONCLUSION
  • 3. Definition : “Psychology is the science of behaviour and cognitive process” “It is the science of human and animal behaviour ; it includes the application of this science to human problems”
  • 4. Principles of Development • Involves change • Early development is more critical than later development • Product of maturation & learning • Has predictable characteristics • Different for all individual • In periods • Social expectations • Potential hazards • Happiness at different periods
  • 5. Piget’s major developmental periods • Prenatal period (Conception to birth) • Infancy (Birth to 10-14 days) • Babyhood (2 Weeks to 2 year ) • Childhood (2 Year to Adolescence) Early Childhood (2 to 6 Year ) Late Childhood (6 to appx 13 yr in girl and 14 yr in boys ) • Puberty (11 Year to 16 Year - 11 to15 yr in girl and 12 to 16 yr in boys )
  • 6. Erickson’s Stages of Life 1. Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (Infants) -Hope 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Toddler)-Self esteem & self direction 3. Initiative vs. Guilt (Preschooler 3-5 year)- Sense of purpose 4. Industry vs. Inferiority (School child 6-11 year)-Sense of competence 5. Identity vs. role confusion ( Adolescent )-Sense of consistency 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young adult )-Love 7. Generativity vs. stagnation (middle adult )-Care 8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair (Older person )-Wisdom
  • 7. Different Psychological Developmental Traits of Primary & Middle Class Students • Physical development • Motor development • Speech development • Emotional development • Social development • Social adjustments • Play development • Development of creativity • Development of understanding • Moral development • Common Interests • Sex-role development • Family relationships • Personality development
  • 8. How To Deal With Primary & Middle Class Students • Aids to self realisation • Favorable interpersonal relationship • Environmental stimulation • Proper timing leads to effective learning • Sustained interest-opportunity to learn via games ,extracurricular activities • Educational planning • Child-rearing must be individualized- no comparison • Guidance from parents & teacher- A strong motivation • Help to develop self concept & self evaluation • Communication skill • Training &Conditioning • Role of punishment • Counselling & Psychotherapy • Yoga & Natural therapy
  • 9. Different Psychological Developmental Traits of Secondary & Senior Secondary Class Students • Stage between child & adult • Physical growth differentiation / patterns among boys & girls • Cognitive development • Social & emotional development • Emotional changes- Ups & Downs of life style of youth • Social development– Friendship, the quest for Identity & Sexuality • Adjustment problems • Anorexia nervosa & amenorrhea • Frustration ,Stress & Strain ,Depression • Delusions ,Hallucinations, Day dreaming • Schizophrenia
  • 10. How To Deal With Secondary & Senior Secondary Class Students • Good Knowledge about their personality traits-The transition period • Favorable interpersonal relationship • Environmental stimulation • Sustained interest-opportunity to learn via different methods& techniques • Educational planning • Vocational planning • Effective Communication skill • Training & Conditioning, Role of punishment • A strong interaction between parents & teacher • Guidance from parents ,teacher & by peer group • A strong motivation ,desire & dream to think big • Help to develop self concept & self evaluation • Aids to self realisation ,auto suggestion & self hypnotism technique • Counselling & Psychotherapy • Yoga & Natural therapy
  • 11. DOUBTS & QUESTIONS
  • 12. CONCLUSION