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Information Processing Jenae Burkart
Active Learning Memory Techniques Note Taking Reading Critical Thinking Participating Learning Style Information Processing
Memory Loss Environment Sensory Register Working Memory (short term memory) Long Term Memory Retrieval 90% 81% 72% 63%
Keys to Memory
50% of what you hear and see together
Memory Quiz Question
Retention Utilize multiple parts of the brain.
Retention Utilize multiple parts of the brain. Information is easier to retrieve when it is stored in multiple parts of the brain.
Memory Quiz Question
Mitochondria is the power house of a cell.
Facts for Auditory Learners You learn from hearing information through audio tapes, your own voice, or lectures. Use your own voice to assist in the learning process. Read your notes or your textbook aloud to help you. Try to sit near the front of the room. It will be easier for you to hear your instructor. When studying new information, create rhyming jingles. Read out loud and restate main ideas to yourself as you read material. When reading or studying difficult material, summarize in your own words what you have just read. When working with math, learn by saying the problems aloud. Then explain the concepts to yourself aloud.
Read an essay or paragraph you have written into a tape recorder and then play it back. Then, revise your paper.
Facts for Visual Learners You learn best by seeing information through print, graphics, videos, or charts. Make lists, write notes, and draw pictures. Read the textbook before attending your lecture class. Try to visualize how the information looks like on your page. Preview your chapters by reading the headings, subheadings, and outlines before reading the chapter. Underline and/or highlight them. Draw a diagram or picture. Make a list. Use mapping. Make a chart to help you retain information. For vocabulary, use sight words, flashcards, and other visual aides. In math, write the problem, visualize the problem, and make mind pictures or tally marks on scratch paper.
Use a computer so that you can see the words you are thinking.
Facts for Kinesthetic Learners Y ou learn best by doing. The more you are involved with the material, the easier it is for you to learn. When possible, perform projects and experiments. Write information down on paper. Walk or ride a stationary bike as you learn or review material Take notes and go back over them. Make special marks for important material/s that you will need to review. When working on difficult or confusing material, answer practice questions in writing. Tap your finger or move your foot as you listen to a lecture. Draw a chart or diagram to help with difficult material.
In math, use objects, such as toothpicks or blocks, to solve problems.
What is Jenny’s phone number?
Ways to Process Information into Long Term Memory
Build upon what you already know.
Tips on Retention Study with others Tell or teach someone else 867-5309 867-5309 867-5309 Repeat information * Relate info to what you already know
Information Processing Problems Don’t Need or defensive forgetting Too much information to process
Learning information incorrectly
Weekly Flow Chart for Studying Pre-read Text And develop questions Go to class Review and edit notes same day as lecture Read text selectively Take notes Ask yourself questions Ask questions of instructor Do homework Outline major concepts Ask questions in class Review and integrate
What is Jenny’s phone number?
Take Charge of Lectures
Capture key Ideas and listen actively
Model of Efficient Information Processing Commit yourself to do your best work. Concentrate to eliminate distractions and focus on the material. Connect new ideas to what you already know.
Capture critical information.
Commit to the Work Involved Be psychologically ready to learn. Arrive a few minutes early and review your notes and previous reading assignment. Identify areas that are difficult to understand. Develop questions that will help you clarify challenging aspects of the material.
Be on time: instructors often review during the first few minutes of class.
Capture Key Ideas and Listen Actively Identify key words, themes, and main points Recognize organization patterns in the lecture
Relate details to the main point
Identify Key Words, Themes and Main Points Often these are the ideas that the instructor repeats, highlights, or illustrates with examples. Usually courses have their own set of unique and topic-specific terms. Be sure to listen for new words and phrases and learn their meaning in the context of the information being presented.
Try to identify the broader picture or context to which the material relates — even if your instructor doesn’t specifically present it to you.
Listen for Clues Note when a topic comes up more than once. Transition speech signals the change of topics or emergence of new key points: “ this will be on the next exam” Lists usually signify important material that is easy to test.
Instructors are most likely to test on ideas they consider exciting, so listen for special enthusiasm.
Connect Ideas Relate key ideas to what you already know
Make a note of unknown words
Develop Your Style Successful students take good notes. A successful note-taking strategy reflects: the complexity of the course content your own learning preferences Use any strategy that will help the key ideas stand out for you.
Don’t take down every word in a lecture.
Choose the Right Note-Taking Method
The Cornell System Divide your notepaper by drawing a vertical line 2 inches from the left margin. On the right side, take your notes from class. These will make your work easier to review later
Test yourself by identifying the lecture material on the right , prompted by your comments on the left.
The Cornell Method Divide your notepaper by drawing a vertical line 2 inches from the left margin. On the right side, take your notes from class. These will make your work easier to review later Test yourself by identifying the lecture material on the right , prompted by your comments on the left. Ways to Prepare for lecture:
Ways to Prepare for lecture:
Outlining This is easy to do with a well-organized lecture, otherwise you may have to work a little harder. Use headings and subheadings followed by course material. Your results will be neat, easy to follow notes, providing a clear picture of the information. B. Can be difficult with fast
C. Good for organizing notes
Summary Method Monitor the lecture for critical ideas. Pause to create your own summary of what has been presented. This method will force you to determine what is important and how information is related to the topics presented. Summary Method Just write… listen for outstanding points or topics. Can always go back and organize later. Or use this method to summarize previous notes and readings into one summary.
This is an especially effective method for dealing with a disorganized lecture.
The Concept Map Provide visual cues about how ideas are related. It is very effective to do after class in order to rewrite your lecture notes in a more visual format. Good listeners in lecture Get rest Avoid distraction Take notes Sit near front Summarize Eat Breakfast Legible Regular sleep
Fishbone Diagram The problem or outcome is printed in the head of the “fish”. Identify the primary factors and connect them like ribs to the backbone of the fish
Elaborate each rib with the details related to each primary factor.
Master Note-Taking Strategies Identify the Session Clearly Take Notes from All Relevant Input Organize Your Materials for Easy Retrieval Request Feedback About Your Notes
Evaluate Your Note-Taking Strategy
Other Note-Taking Tips Write your notes in your own words. Put a star by things that you don’t understand. Think and record information in pictures.
Periodically evaluate the quality of your notes.
Short-Term Memory: Listening and Forgetting Most forgetting takes place 24 hours after you see or hear something!
If you don’t review after class, you might have forgotten up to 70% of the material.
Tips Read ahead in text before class. Take notes on text before class and write down questions. Re-read notes from previous class. Be ready for the message.
Sort, organize and categorize as you take notes.