Apollo Solar TSW Inverter Training
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Apollo Solar TSW Inverter Training

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Apollo Solar attended the AEE Solar Show and trained several installers on the Apollo equipment. The following slides show how Apollo products help solar installers how todesign and install systems ...

Apollo Solar attended the AEE Solar Show and trained several installers on the Apollo equipment. The following slides show how Apollo products help solar installers how todesign and install systems more efficiently with the Apollo line.

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Apollo Solar TSW Inverter Training Apollo Solar TSW Inverter Training Presentation Transcript

  • TSW True Sine Wave Inverter / Charger Technical Training February, 2011 Apollo Solar, Inc. 23 F. J. Clarke Circle Bethel, CT 06801 (203) 790-6400 www.ApolloSolar.com 1
  • Mission Statement In this technical training session, Apollo Solar will teach and demonstrate the technical installation and operation of the Apollo Solar Battery-Based Inverter/Chargers1. The TSWs save time and money on installations because they are easy to set up and operate. The Apollo ISM provides circuit breaker housing. Complete pre-wired systems can be provided.2. Apollo Solar provides all the electronics for battery-based installations including the T80 and T80HV Charge Controller and remote monitoring so system support is just a single call.3. The unique Apollo Remote Monitoring provides system data to any PC, thus eliminating many costly site visits.4. The TSW is the only Inverter required for all your installations because they provide 120VAC, 120/240VAC Split Phase up to 32kVA or 120/208VAC 3 phase up to 12kVA. 2
  • Training Outline1. Basic Approach to Off Grid System Design2. Safety Issues – Lethal voltage and dangerous current3. System overview4. Applications5. Inverter and Switchgear Mounting and Wiring6. Battery Charging7. Inverter Set-up using the Apollo Inverter Manager software8. Monitoring Set-up and Operation9. Technical Support 3
  • Off-Grid Power – 3.2kW to 56kWThese Apollo Solar Invertersare providing 56kW for a hotelin the Dominican Republic.Our TSWs are the onlyinverters that can be parallelstacked for this much power.They can also provide 3 phasepower for industrial sites.The Inverter SwitchgearModules house the circuitbreakers for each inverter. 4 4
  • Off Grid System Design - Approach1. Know the Loads ! MOST IMPORTANT STEP a. Continuous loads with number of hours per day b. Peak loads like starting motors and pumps2. Size the Inverter to meet both load requirements Leave plenty of head room – users will add loads in the future3. Size the Battery to supply the daily loads Keep the depth of discharge between 30 to 50%. Battery storage capacity at least 2-3 times daily load requirement.4. Size the PV array to recharge the battery in 1 day Don’t forget that the sun may not shine every day.5. Select the Charge Controller to recharge the battery Watch the maximum Open Circuit Voltage limit.6. Add Communication Devices to monitor the system You should know how well each system is working all the time. 5
  • CAUTION – BATTERY CURRENT IS DANGEROUS1. TURN OFF all circuit breakers including large Battery Circuit Breaker before connecting battery or AC wiring.2. Be careful of short circuits when connecting cables to batteries. A short across the terminals can vaporize a wrench.3. The sequence for powering up the Inverter / Charger is critical – the battery voltage must be applied before the AC.4. All connections must be tightened to the torque specified.5. Wire sizes are critical. The high DC currents require heavy wire.6. The AC voltage is lethal. Do not touch anything inside a TSW or ISM unless the system is totally de-energized.7. These systems have multiple sources of energy. Both the AC input and the Battery connection must be disconnected before working inside the enclosures. 6
  • Apollo Solar Inverter/Charger and Switchgear Module The Apollo Solar True Sine Wave Inverter / Chargers are available in 24 volt and 48 volt versions. The TSW3224 is 3200 VA continuous at 24 volts and the TSW4048 is 4000 VA continuous at 48 volts. Both TSWs can be used in AC systems that are: 120/240 VAC Split Phase for US residential installations, 120 VAC single phase at 2X the current, 230 or 240 VAC only for foreign installations. The frequency is switch selectable 50 or 60 Hz. Each TSW is capable of over current for short periods: 200% for 7 seconds, 150% for 30 seconds, 120% for 30 minutes. The TSWs can be stacked in parallel up to 32kVA for Single and Split Phase and can be wired for up to 12kVA 120/208 3 Phase. The Inverter Switchgear Module is designed to provide all the circuit breakers for each inverter and can be stacked. It is shown here as a sub-system assembled and pre-wired by Apollo Solar, ready for installation. 7
  • NEW - Apollo Solar Pre-Wired Panels AC OUT AC IN PWP4KW • Complete Off-Grid Pre Wired Panel electrical supply system with 4kW of AC • All UL Certified Parts TRUE SINE WAVE • Factory Pre-Wired and• True Sine Wave (TSW) INVERTER / CHARGER testedInverter / Charger• Provides AC and batterycharger • Communication Gateway• Internal transfer relay Gateway PWR ETHER NET Apollo Solar SERIAL • Remote Monitoring• 24 or 48 volt battery TSW4048 or 3224• Inverter Switchgear APOLLO SOLAR • T80HV Charge ControllerModule (ISM) ISM (INVERTER T80HV • 200 volts OCV from PV• Breakers for DC and AC SWITCHGEAR MODULE) • 80 Amps into the battery• Bus Bars and TurboChargerConnection Points foreasy installation BAT OUT PV IN • 21” wide, 42” tall, 8” deep GND • Mounting holes on 16” centers 8
  • Apollo Solar Inverter Switchgear Module (ISM)Low cost.Stackable for parallel or 3 phase inverter operation.Set up for 120V, 230V or 240VAC18 AC or DC DIN Rail breakers.175A or 250A main DC breaker.Small size: 11” wide, 15” tall, 7” deep. 280mm wide, 380 tall, 485 deep.Pre-wired for fast installation. 9
  • Apollo Solar Components True Sine Wave Inverter /Inverter Switchgear Module Charger (TSW) (ISM) Provides DC to AC Breakers, Bus Bars and conversion, battery Connection Points as a charger and transfer relay complete UL Certified all UL certified system SNMP Gateway Converts the ASNET bus data to Ethernet 10
  • Inverter / Charger - System Block Diagram 11
  • Apollo Solar TSW3224 and TSW4048 specifications True Sine Wave Inverter SPECIFICAT IO NS TSW3224 TSW4048 Max. Power Rating 25º C 3200 VA 4000 VA Nominal DC Battery Input Voltage 24 VDC 48 VDC Battery input current at rated power 148 Amps 95 Amps Nominal AC Output Voltage Selectable 120 / 240 VAC Split Phase, 120VAC single phase or 230VAC single phase Surge Power Peak (1m s) L-N: 80A AC, L-L: 41A AC L-N: 80A AC, L-L: 41A AC Surge Power RMS (100ms) L-N: 52A AC, L-L: 37A AC L-N: 52A AC, L-L: 37A AC Overload Capacity from 25ºC start 7Seconds: 6400 VA 200% 8000 VA 200% 30 Seconds: 4800 VA 150% 6000 VA 150% 30 Minutes: 3840 VA 120% 4600 VA 115% Max. AC RMS Amps Output @ 25º C L-N: 26A AC, L-L: 13A AC L-N: 30A AC, L-L: 15A AC Full on, No load power consumption ~ 27 Watts ~ 39 Watts Search mode power consumption ~ 4.5 Watts ~ 4.5 Watts Inverter Efficiency (Peak) >93% >95% Total Harmonic Distortion Typical: 3.5%, Maximum: 5% (T rue sine wave) Output Voltage Regulation +/- 3% AC Output Frequency 50 or 60Hz +/-1% (Switch Selectable) AC Input Frequency Range 46 to 55Hz at 50Hz Nominal, 55 to 65 Hz at 60Hz Nominal, Switch Selectable AC Input Voltage Range for Charge Mode L-N: 80 ―150 VAC for 120VAC mode, L-L: 160 ―270 VAC for 240VAC m ode DC Output Range 21.0 to 35.0 VDC 42.0 to 64.0 VDC Maxim um Input Short Circuit Current 250A 250A Continuous Battery Charger Output at 25º C 100 amps DC 70 amps DC Five Stage Battery Charger Output Bulk, Absorb, Float, Equalize & Standby Battery Charging Power Factor Corrected >0.92 Battery Charge temperature compensation With external temperature sensor Transfer relay capability 40 Amps per leg; 8 to 16ms transfer time Operating Temperature Range -20º C to +45º C Overtemperature Protection Sensors on MOSFETs, Transformer and Battery Agency Certification UL 1741 UL 1741 & CSA C22.2 No. 107.1 Warranty 5 Years Weight 25.1kg, 55 lbs. (27.5kg, 60.6 lbs shipping weight) Size 572x229x184mm , 22.5"x9"x7.25" (686x330x305mm , 27"x13"x12" shipping box) Enclosure Powder coated steel Cooling Variable Speed, Temperature controlled fans Data Communication ASNET (RS-485) and CANBUS O PT IO NAL ACCESSO RIES Charge Controllers Apollo Solar T 80 and T100 TurboCharger provide optimum charging from PV arrays. Ethernet / Internet Monitoring Optional Communication Gateway provides full data monitoring from any computer. Inverter Switchgear Module Optional Switchgear Module includes all the DC and AC circuit breakers required. 12
  • Industrial Grade Backup PowerThe system in the photoprovides 4kW of 3 phase120/208 volts for 8 hours.A large number of these areinstalled in the Washington DCsubway system to provideessential power for cellularcommunications.Apollo Solar TSWs wereselected based on Reliability,Ease of installation, Remotemonitoring and cost. 13
  • Large-Scale Installations Off-Grid Power – 3.2kW to 56kWThese Apollo Solar Invertersare providing 56kW for a hotelin the Dominican Republic.Our TSWs are the onlyinverters that can be parallelstacked for this much power.They can also provide 3 phasepower for industrial sites.The Inverter SwitchgearModules house the circuitbreakers for each inverter. 14
  • Apollo Solar T80 & TSW – Easy to install anywhere in the WorldHere is shown Apollo Solar Off-Grid System using the T80 Charge Controllers, TSW3224 Inverters and ISM Switchgear Modules in a parallel system 15
  • Standard Products with Flexible Configurations We offer a choice of NEMA 4 or 4X enclosures with any combination of Inverters and/or Charge Controllers. The options 16 designed for the needs of remote telecom.
  • Apollo InstallationsThese installations use our TSW Inverter /Chargers to provide AC and to charge from agenerator in addition to our PV Charge Controllers. 17
  • Mounting Dimensions and Air FlowThe TSW and ISM require a total of37.4” in height. Since the battery wireconduit is attached to the bottom ofthe ISM, an additional 7” isrecommended under the ISM.The ISM should be mounted first.Air flow is required to cool the TSWInverter. At least 20 square inches ofair inlets are needed near the bottomof the ISM, and 20 square inches forair exhaust at the upper 1/3 of theTSW as shown in the diagram.If the air flow is restricted, the warrantyis void and damage can result. 18
  • TSW and ISM mounted on back plate The Inverter along with the Switchgear Module is supplied mounted on the back plate wired and tested. It is ready to mount into an enclosure, when required, and can even be on the outside wall of a battery enclosure. The “keyholes” at the top of the back plate make it easy for one person to hang this assembly. 19
  • Simplified Wiring APOLLO SOLAR NOTE: AC NEUTRAL ANDTSW, ISM & Batteries DC NEGATIVE WIRES ARE WHITE, BUT ARE SHOWN AS LIGHT GRAY. AC OUT AC IN APOLLO SOLAR TSW 3224 TSW 3224 or TSW 4048 TRUE SINE WAVE INVERTER/CHARGER CAT-5The AC wiring is done using No. 8 ETHERNET CABLEwire rated at 40 Amps. INTERNET TRUE SINE WAVE APOLLO INVERTER / CHARGER COMMUNICATIONThe DC wiring to the Battery must be GATEWAY (Optional) ACG-1heavy gauge No. 4/0 cables with the APOLLO SOLAR 40A MAX AWG #8 SWITCHGEARproper terminations. MODULE ENCLOSURE ASNET DC INCAUTION: The circuit breakers AC AWG #6 BYPASS - BUSmust be turned OFF before any 500A SHUNT BREAKER 250A DCconnections are made. 250 AC NEUTRAL BUS 40A 40A 40A 40A 40A 40A GROUND BUSThe battery connection should be +BUS AC AC BREAKERSmade last. Once this connection is NOTE *GNDmade, the enclosure is energized. AC OUT AC IN BATTERY OPTIONAL CHASSIS DELTA 302R NEUTRAL NEUTRAL EARTH LIGHTNING GNDThe proper torque for each terminal ARRESTORS 6V 4/0 GAUGE WIRE BATT INVERTER SWITCHGEAR MODULEis specified on a label inside the ISM L1 L1 L2 L2 240VAC 240VAC 6V ISM 120/240 OUT TO BATT WIRING DIAGRAM IN FROMnear the terminals. LINE OR GENERATOR LOAD PANEL 6V WIRED FOR 120/240VAC SPLIT PHASE BATT BATTERY BOX AND BATTERIES (MADE BY OTHERS). * GND NOTE: IF THIS POWER CENTER IS THE SOURCE OF THE BUILDING POWER, THE AC NEUTRAL MUST BE 6V BATTERY MAY BE 24 OR 48V DEPENDING ON THE INVERTER. CONNECTED TO EARTH GROUND AT THIS POINT ONLY. BATT (24 VOLT VERSION SHOWN) IF THE SYSTEM HAS AN AC INPUT AT A CIRCUIT STRINGS MAY BE TIED IN BREAKER BOX, THE AC NEUTRAL MUST BE TIED TO PARALLEL FOR MORE AMP-HRS. GROUND AT THAT SOURCE OF POWER ONLY. 20
  • Grounding DetailsBus Bars for AC AC SYSTEMNeutral and Earth HOT IN AC HOT INGround are located in HOT OUT HOT OUTthe Inverter NEUTRALSwitchgear Module NEUTRAL NEUTRAL(ISM). BUS-BAR APOLLO SOLAR TSW INVERTER DC SYSTEMFor clarity, this FILTER BOARD AC TRANSFERdrawing shows a TSW SWITCH ANDand ISM wired for TO DC NEGATIVE DC BATTERY120V only. BUS-BAR SYSTEM CHASSIS GROUND CHASSIS GROUND GROUND BONDING BUS-BAR JUMPERS EQUIPMENT GROUND GROUNDING CONDUCTOR ELECTRODE APOLLO SOLAR TSW GROUNDING CONDUCTOR ELECTRODE INVERTER GROUNDING DETAILS 21
  • 120/208 Volt 3 Phase explained 3 PHASE AC DEFINED: “Y” TRANSFORMER PRODUCES 208VRMS BETWEEN ANY 2 LEGS AND 120V FROM ANY LEG TO NEUTRAL 3 PHASE 208VAC UTILITY SOURCE 5.56 ms L1 L1 L2 L3 120V NEUTRAL L3 208V 120V L2 16.67ms nc•It is common for industrial AC power to be supplied as 208 volt 3 phase.•Motors and other heavy equipment run more efficiently on 3 phase power.•In addition to 208 volts between any 2 legs, any single leg and neutral provides 120 voltsfor standard single phase loads.•The Battery Backup Unit shown in the drawing above produces 208 volts from 2 of the 3phase legs and 120 volts from L1 to Neutral. Two 120V inverters are used with oneinverter on each of 2 legs. 22
  • 3 Phase Wiring DiagramThis is the actual wiring diagram of aBattery Backup Unit for a telecomsystem powered by 2 phases of a208V 3 phase service showing boththe Master and Slave TSWs.Note the extra circuit breaker in thefar right which is a separate 20 Amp120V circuit for the fans and aservice outlet.The Apollo Solar SNMP Gatewayhas input for door switches which aresimply wired in series. The Gatewayruns off 24v DC which is bestsupplied from ½ the battery bank.Note the 0.5Amp fuse in series withthe Gateway power. 23
  • 3 Phase Wiring DiagramGeneric 3 Phase system wiring diagram. 24
  • AC Wiring TerminalsThe photo at the left shows the AC wiring box with the cover removed.Note the No. 8 AWG wires exit the wiring box and are routed between theTSW and the back panel (or wall).This illustration shows the 7 wires required for 240/120V operation: 1 – AC Line1 Output (Red) 5 – AC LINE1 In (Red) 2 – AC Line2 Output (Black) 6 – AC Line2 In (Black) 3 – AC Neutral Out (White) 7 – AC Neutral in (White) 4 – Ground (Green) 25
  • TSW Inverter bolted to theInverter Switchgear Module Apollo Solar TSW4048 Inverter / Charger TSW Positive Terminal bolted to the positive bus bar TSW Negative Terminal bolted to the negative bus bar Apollo Solar Inverter Switchgear Module enclosure with cover removed Conduit in place for wires to the battery box 26
  • Inverter Switchgear Module (ISM) with DC WiringInverter Positive TSW GndTerminal LugCurrent Shunt on InverterDC Negative 48v bolted toBus Bar Negative DC bus bar250 Amp DCCircuit Breaker in AC NeutralPositive 48v Bus bus bar Ground bus bar4/0 wires to batteries DIN Rail for AC Circuit Breakers 27
  • AC Wiring from TSW, Line In and Line Out Inverter ACIn this 240/120 VAC system, Neutralthere are 7 AC wires from the wiresTSW into the ISM: AC L1&2 In (Black&Red) AC Neutral In (White) Ground AC L1&2 Out (Black&Red) AC Neutral Out (White) AC Ground (Green) Inverter AC Hot Outputand 6 AC wires brought in fromoutside to the AC Circuit AC Line1Breakers: AC Line 1&2 (Black&Red) &2 inputs AC Line Neutral (White) Inverter AC AC Load 1&2 (Black&Red) AC Load Neutral (White) Line1&2 InputsGreen wire grounds fromoutside go to the Gnd Bus Bar. AC Line1&2 Outputs to Load 28
  • Battery WiringTHIS IS AN EXAMPLE FORWIRING 48v BATTERIES INA SERIES-AND-PARALLELCONFIGURATION.FOR THIS EXAMPLE, EACHBATTERY CAN STORE UPTO 300Ahr AT 6 VOLTS,EACH GROUP CAN STORE300 X 6 X 8 = 14,400 WATTHOURS.No. 4/0 WIRE TO CONNECTBATTERIES TO THEINVERTER / CHARGERBUS BARS TO CONNECTBATTERIES IN SERIES 29
  • Battery Charging in the TSW Inverter / Charger3 Stage ChargingAlgorithmBulk – Voltageincreases to AbsorbSet Point.Absorb – Batterytakes less and lesscurrent until full.Float – Trickle chargeto overcome selfdischarge.LIFELINE RECOMMENDS:ABSORB VOLTAGE SETPOINT = 56.8 TO 58.4VFLOAT VOLTAGE SETPOINT = 52.4 TO 53.6V 30
  • Apollo Unique Charging Method for UPS Systems BATTERY CHARGEThe Apollo TSW has VOLTAGEa special chargeprofile for UPSsystems.The standard Floatstage is replacedwith a Re-Bulk stageto optimize battery CHARGING CURRENTlife. START 31
  • Battery Charging with Temperature Compensation1. A cold battery requires more voltage to achieve a full charge than a warm battery.2. The TSW includes a temperature compensation constant using an external battery temperature sensor.3. The Battery Temperature Sensor should be located within the group of batteries where it will be in contact with the highest temperature. A good place is in the upper shelf of batteries, between batteries, in the middle of the group.4. The nominal value for the Absorb and Float Set Points are set for 25 degrees C. and the temperature compensation math modifies the Set Points up or down from that point depending on the battery temperature.5. The compensation rate is set for -5 mV per cell per degree C. That means that as the temperature increases, the set points in the TSW are lowered by 0.005 volts for each cell. A 48 volt battery has 24 cells, so the total is 0.120 volts lower for each degree C of increased temperature. The compensation rate may be selected from -2mV to -8mV/cell/deg C.6. The TSW Inverter/Chargers have a safety feature. If the battery temperature goes over a preset limit for any reason, the charging is immediately shut off. 32
  • Inverter DisplayWe noted that only one of the other Inverters in our market has an internal display.(The Schneider XW is the only [Off Grid] Inverter with any display and that is just a 3 digit LED for inverter watts and charge current only.)We designed the TSW with an internal 2x16 LCD which shows all the critical current values:• AC Output Voltage • Mode: Inverting or Charging• AC Output Current • Charging Current• AC Output Power • Error Codes• AC Output Frequency • ID Address• DC Battery Voltage • When stacked, the Master• DC Battery Current shows Total System values 33
  • Inverter Parameter Setup ToolsWe looked at all the possible ways to set up Inverter parameters in the field:• Currently our industry uses 4 line LCDs with 4 to 7 buttons and/or a knob. We think this approach takes far too much time to learn and to use.• We chose instead to use a full color graphic screen. We eliminated the leaning curve by putting all the data on a few easy-to-read pages. Their LCD or Apollo’s Full Color Graphic Screen 34
  • Inverter Parameter Setup Tools• We call the setup tool the Apollo Inverter Manager (AIM).• The current software version is available on our Website at no cost.• It runs on any Windows based Laptop PC.• AND… We now offer a Netbook PC with the AIM preloaded and set to go.• We will go over the details on the AIM later in the training.• The AIM plugs into the TSW or stack of TSWs using the ASNET cable.• A stack of parallel or 3 phase TSWs can be setup with 1 connection. 35
  • Inverter Start Up Sequence1. Start with all circuit breakers turned OFF. Re-read the safety page.2. Inspect all wiring for proper connection, torque per spec, and possible nicked insulation. Repair or replace if necessary.3. Turn the AC input breakers OFF, and the AC output breakers ON. (This will automatically turn the Bypass breaker OFF via the toggle.)4. Energize the AC line input power to 120VAC, 60Hz. Make sure the battery is connected properly.5. Attached a known load to the AC output. (Like a 120VAC work light.)6. Turn the DC Battery Breakers ON. Note the TSW LCD Screen. After the initial screen showing model, serial number, and firmware revision, it will say: AutoStart in 5 seconds, followed by the main status screen (voltage, current, power). Verify that the DC input voltage is 44 to 50 volts. Verify that AC output: 120VAC, 60Hz.7. Switch the AC Output breakers ON. The work light should illuminate.8. Switch the AC Input Breakers ON. The work light may blink, but should remain illuminated. The AC is now being supplied from the Utility Line input.9. The TSW LCD screens should show Charging Mode. 36
  • Front Panel TSW Inverter Operation LCD Startup and Inverter Mode A P O L L O S O L A R T S W Displayed for 2 sec when DC is applied. R E V X . X X S / N X X X X X Current firmware and Serial Number A C 2 4 0 . 0 V 0 0 . 0 A Initial Status – AC Voltage, frequency and B A T : 4 8 . 0 V X X . X A battery voltage displayed. A U T O - S T A R T Auto-Start Countdown…Then enters A F T E R 5 . 0 S E C inverter mode and displays status I N V E R T I N G X X X X V A Main Status Screen #1: Total power, 2 4 0 . 0 V 6 0 . 0 H z Voltage and frequency displayed. Press “Page” key for Status Screen #2. I N V E R T I N G X X X X V A Status Screen #2: Total Power and AC Line L 1 : X X . X A X X X X V A 1 current and power. Press “Page” for Status Screen #3. I N V E R T I N G X X X X V A Status Screen #3: Total Power and AC Line L 2 : X X . X A X X X X V A 2 current and power. Press “Page” for Status Screen #4. I N V E R T I N G X X X X V A Status Screen #4: Battery voltage and B A T : 4 8 . 0 V X X X . X A current (DC). Press “Page” for Status Screen #1. 37
  • TSW Inverter Operation Charger Mode Main Status Screen #1: Input Voltage,C H A R G I N G 6 0 . 0 H z current and frequency displayed. PressA C : 2 4 0 . 0 V X X . X A “Page” key for Status Screen #2. Status Screen #2: Frequency and ACC H A R G I N G 6 0 . 0 H z Line 1 current and power. Press “Page”L 1 : X X . X A X X X X V A for Status Screen #3. Status Screen #3: Frequency and ACC H A R G I N G 6 0 . 0 H z Line 2 current and power. Press “Page”L 2 : X X . X A X X X X V A for Status Screen #4. Status Screen #4: Battery voltage andC H A R G I N G charge current (DC). Press “Page” forB A T : 4 8 . 0 V X X X . X A Status Screen #1. 38
  • Stacking Inverters Parallel Mode SetupS T A N D B Y 1. Turn on Inverter 1 and pressB A T : 4 8 . 0 V “Standby” key to enter standby mode.S E T T I N G 2. Press “Page” key for 5 seconds toC O M M . I D = X X enter communication ID setting. Press “Page” to change ID to 32 – 46.S E T T I N G 3. Press “Page” key for 5 seconds toM O D E = P A R A L L E L enter mode setting. Press “Page” to change to Parallel mode.S T A N D B Y 4. Press “Page” key for 5 seconds toB A T : 4 8 . 0 V return to standby mode. 5. Set other Inverter(s) following steps 1 to 4. Please Note: Each inverter must have a unique Comm. ID. 39
  • Stacking TSW Inverters is a Simple Daisy Chain. (No Hubs, No Network Cards) 8 TSW4048s in parallel for up to 32kVA and Battery Charge Current up to 560Amps. (Up to twice that with separate AC buses.) Uses CAT5 network cable for ASNET (RJ45) and 4 wire (RJ11) CANBUS for Stacking. Terminators required at both ends. Automatic Master/Slave selection. (And a Slave will take over immediately if the Master goes down.) Easy Setup 40
  • PARALLEL MODE ID SETTINGS ID CANbus ID Group Function phase 32 01. Use IDs in Group1 33 1 34 2 and Group2 for 35 3 Group1 36 4 parallel stacking. 37 5 38 6 39 72. Use IDs in Group 3 40 0 single phase parallel 41 1 thru 7 for 3-phase 42 2 43 3 stacking. 44 4 Group2 45 5 46 6 47 7 48 0 0The ID can be set using 49 50 1 2 Group3 120 240 the Front Panel LCD. 51 3 Group4 0 52 4 120 53 5 240 54 6 0 55 7 Group5 3-phase parallel 120 56 0 240 57 1 0 58 2 Group6 120 59 3 240 60 4 0 61 5 Group7 120 41 62 6 240 63 7
  • Apollo Inverter Manager (AIM) Easy visual setup and monitoring of the TSW Inverter / Charger with a Netbook / PCViewInverterStatus ontop half ofscreen.Set userparameterson bottomhalf ofscreen. 42
  • Apollo Inverter Manager (AIM) Easy visual setup and monitoring of the TSW Inverter / Charger with a Netbook / PCView InverterStatus of up to 8parallel (stacked)units. 43
  • Apollo Inverter Manager (AIM) Easy visual setup and monitoring of the TSW Inverter / Charger with a Netbook / PCView InverterStatus on tophalf of screen.Set userparameters onbottom half ofscreen. 44
  • Setting the Parameters on the TSW using AIM 45
  • Setting the Parameters on the TSW using AIM 46
  • Setting the Parameters on the TSW using AIM 47
  • TSW Significant Advantages1. Our AIM color graphic user interface is the quickest to learn and use.2. Our TSW4048 can produce 120/240V Split Phase AND 120V at full 4kVA, and 230V all at either 50 or 60Hz. Magnum can do only 3.5kVA at 120VAC, Outback has no 120/240.3. The TSW4048s stack to 32kVA, and 3 phase to 12kVA. Magnum stacks to 17.6kVA, No 3 phase Outback stacks to 35kVA, 3 phase to 10.8kVA XW stacks to 18kVA, 3 phase to 18kVA4. Our Gateway provides Remote Monitoring on any PC or Smart Phone. Magnum and Outback do not provide remote monitoring5. Apollo has the venerable T80 and T80HV integrated via the ISM. Magnum does not make a charge controller.6. The TSW front panel LCD displays the important values at no extra cost. Magnum and Outback have no front panel display, XW is minimal.7. The TSW4048 is the best value at $0.62 per watt MSRP.8. Apollo is the only off-grid inverter manufacturer to offer: 5 Year Warrantee Advanced Replacement 48
  • Mounting Flexibility Apollo TSWs can be mounted vertically (without a rain hat). Apollo TSWs can also mount horizontally to replace olderDRs, or SWs. With the DC on either right or left. The square front panel display can be rotated. Vertical or horizontal, there are no vent holes on the top or bottom to annoy UL.
  • Switchgear – Size matters when room is tight Outback: Very large, Needs 2 inverters for 120/240 VAC split phase
  • Switchgear – Size matters when room is tight (76.2cm) 30" Xantrex XW (Schneider) Smaller, (narrower, but taller)
  • Switchgear – Size matters when room is tight 23" (58.4cm) Midnite E-Panel (76.2cm) 30" 12.9" Deep Magnum w/ Midnite e-panel: Inverter hangs on the front, controller hangs on the side
  • Switchgear – Size matters when room is tight 23" (58.4cm) Midnite E-Panel (76.2cm) 30" 12.9" Deep Apollo Solar Pre-Wired Panels Small size & Modular for easy expansion up to 32kVA
  • That completes the TSW Inverter / Charger portion of this trainingBefore we go on to the Remote Monitoring part of the training, we have an announcement:Starting today, Apollo Solar is offering a new Advanced Replacement Program for the TSWs. If you have a problem with our TSW in the field, call our Tech Support department for an RMA number.If the problem is an actual failure of the TSW, we will ship a replacement unit to you within 24 hours.After you replace the unit, send the old one back. 54
  • Apollo Communications GatewayAccess any Apollo Solarinstallation from anycomputer via the InternetProvides easy plug-and-playconnectivity to Apollo productsusing Ethernet. 55
  • Apollo Solar Remote Data Monitoring Apollo Communication Gateway ACG-1 Apollo Cellular Modem ACM-1 56
  • Apollo Remote Monitoring How It Works• The Apollo Communications Gateway initiates a TCP connection every 3 minutes with the Apollo server. (Because the Gateway initiates the connection, it works through routers and firewalls.)• The Apollo server runs an asynchronous multithreading TCP server that does the following: – It accepts the incoming connection, – It discovers what charge controllers and inverters are attached, – It gets data from the attached devices every 6 seconds.• The data is then stored in a large SQL Server database where it can be accessed by the Apollo web application. 57
  • System Diagram User BrowserOptional ApolloCellular Modem Apollo Solar Server -TCP Server - Database - Website Local PC Application ASNet (Apollo communications protocol) ASNet over TCP/IP Conventional Internet 58
  • Apollo Remote Monitoring What You Need1. Device connectivity – TSW inverters have communications built-in, the T80 Charge Controllers use an ASNet card2. Device Addressing – to be properly discovered, T80 Charge Controllers must have addresses beginning with 1 or 2 and continuing sequentially up to 31, TSW Inverters need to start at address 32 and continue sequentially.3. Apollo Communications Gateway – an Apollo Communications Gateway and the cable supplied to it. The ACG must be connected to one of the Apollo devices, and then the remaining devices are connected daisy-chain style with user-supplied standard Ethernet cables.4. Internet connectivity – The Gateway is connected (using the supplied Ethernet cable) to an Ethernet, WiFi, or cellular network that has Internet access. 59
  • Sample Monitoring 60
  • FAQ - Apollo Communications Gateway1. How many T80 charge controllers can be monitored from one Gateway? – Up to 312. How many TSW inverters can be monitored from one Gateway? – Up to 313. How many total devices can be monitored from one Gateway? – Up to 2554. How often is data sent from the Gateway to the server? – The server asks for data from a device every six seconds, or 14,400 times a day. If there is one T80 in the system, then there is data from the T80 every 6 seconds. If there is a T80 and a TSW inverter, then there is data for the T80 every 12 seconds and for the inverter every 12 seconds5. Does the Gateway have to powered from the included AC power supply? – No, the Gateway can receive power from the T80 or TSW.6. Does the Gateway have to be programmed or setup? – No, the Gateway is strictly plug-and-play.7. How can I tell if the Gateway is communicating with the T80 or TSW and sending data to the Internet? – Refer to the Gateway user guide for detailed information, however if the Transmitting Serial LED blinks every 6 seconds then the Gateway is communication with the server. If the Transmitting Serial and Receiving Serial lights are blinking every 6 seconds then the Gateway is communicating with the server and with the attached Apollo devices.8. Can a user use software on a local PC to communicate and get data from the Apollo devices using the Gateway? – Yes the Gateway will accept incoming requests. Apollo can provide sample code for communicating on a local network. 61
  • FAQ - Apollo Cellular Modem• What cellular system does the ACM use? – The ACM uses GSM and supports the four different GSM frequencies used around the world, so it is compatible with every GSM system in every country. The ACM uses GPRS or EDGE for sending or receiving data.• What do I need to use the ACM? – You need to get a SIM card for the cellular system that you want to use, enabled for data. You also need to get the APN (access point name) for the system.• Is the cost of sending and receiving data included in the cost of the modem? – No, you need to enter into an agreement with your cellular provider for data services and pay accordingly.• How much data does the ACM send? – The ACM will send and receive approximately 60 megabytes of data a month.• Do I need to use a Gateway if I’m going to use the ACM? – Yes, you need to have a Gateway between the ACM and Apollo devices.• Do I need to configure the ACM? – Yes, because you need to install the SIM card and configure the ACM to work with your particular cellular carrier’s system. The basic installation steps include: install the SIM card; change the frequency of the modem if you are using it outside the USA; enter the APN (access point name) and username and password if required.• What if I need or want to monitor using a carrier that uses CDMA? – On a special order basis Apollo can provide a CDMA modem or specify one for you. 62
  • FAQ - Apollo SNMP Gateway• Can the SNMP Gateway be customized in terms of SNMP traps and gets? – Yes, Apollo can customize and provide matching MIB file• What SNMP protocols are supported? – SNMP versions 1, 2, and 3.• Does the SNMP Gateway have a watchdog timer? – Yes, there is a watchdog timer that can be set to any interval.• Can the SNMP Gateway be configured and have new software installed from remote locations? – Yes.• Can the SNMP Gateway be configured to log data and then have log files uploaded remotely? – Yes.• Can the SNMP Gateway be programmed to monitor additional equipment or sensors? – Yes, the SNMP Gateway can be configured to monitor additional devices that provide relay or digital outputs, or which have a communications protocol. The SNMP Gateway currently does not support analog inputs, although that is a possibility if the opportunity warrants it. 63
  • FAQ - Monitoring from the Apollo Website• How do I setup monitoring for my system? – Go to ApolloSolar.com and register. – Send an email or call Apollo solar and ask to have your monitoring setup. Email or have available your product serial numbers. We will setup your monitoring page and email or call you to let you know. – Once we tell you that your monitoring page has been setup, login to apollosolar.com and under the Monitoring tab you should see a link to your page.• Can I download data to Excel? – Yes, just ask that a download page be setup for you.• Can I get data reflecting my local time zone? – We will provide this shortly. 64
  • SNMP Gateway – Data Monitoring1. The Gateway captures data from the TSW Inverter / Charger and converts it to Ethernet format and sends it to an Internet router.2. The benefits of the Apollo Communications Gateway.3. The Data available are as follows: a) Battery Voltage b) Battery Current (Charge or discharge) c) AC Output Voltage d) AC Output Frequency e) AC Output Current f) Aux (Door switches, Misc)4. May be used directly to PC,to internal intranet, or to the Internet viaEthernet and/or Apollo GSM modem. 65
  • Technical Support for the Apollo Solar Products• All the Apollo Solar products carry a 5 year limited warranty which provides for repair or replacement of our products if a failure should occur.• During the warranty period, technical support is available free of charge by calling our office at (203) 790-6400.• When calling for Tech Support, it is will help us to serve you if you tell us this: • Your system battery voltage (e.g. 12, 24 or 48 volts). • The PV array specs: For example 3kW, 90volts max Voc, 72volts Vmp. • Serial Numbers and Firmware version of the Apollo Solar product(s) you are calling about. • Any details you know about external loads like motors, pumps, etc. • For complex problems, it is wise to email or fax your wiring diagram to us. • The Apollo Solar Communication Gateway automatically gathers a host of diagnostic data which Apollo Tech Support can see on the Apollo server and which can be a great help to you and your customer. 66
  • Technical LeadershipApollo haspioneered lightningprotection forremote powersystems.Circuits wedeveloped haveimproved thereliability of thetransmission lineelectronics by a Using Apollo protection circuits, thesefactor of 16 times. solar driven products ran perfectly after being hit by over 100 lightning strikes up to 25kAmps each in this high voltage lab. 67
  • Technical LeadershipThe results of ourresearch is a SurgeProtector that isspecifically designed forPV inputs to ourCharge Controllers.It will take many hits ofover 30kAmps andwhen it reaches the endof life, it reports locallyor remotely. 68
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW4048 and the Magnum MS4448-PAE: Parallel Stacking – Wire up to 8 TSW in parallel for 32kVA Cost*: $2495 for the Apollo TSW4048 *List Prices $2599 for the Magnum MS4448-PAE Surge Capability: TSW is Full 8kVA for 10 seconds - Enough to start a 3 hp motor. MS4448-PAE spec is 5800watts for 5 seconds. TSW Display Included – See what the inverter is doing without buying a separate display. The Magnum ME-RTR is $399 extra. Wiring Box – Stackable ISM from Apollo, integrates with T80 and T80HV Charge Controllers. Magnum has no charge controller. Internet Remote Monitoring : Available only from Apollo Warranty: TSW 5 Years Standard – Magnum is 2 years standard
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW4048 and the Outback VFX3648: Apollo TSW is Split Phase 120/240VAC Outback inverters are 1 phase 120v or 240v only Cost * $2495 for the Apollo TSW4048 120/240VAC *List Prices $2569 for the Outback VFX3648 (120VAC only) Surge Capability: TSW --Full 8kVA for 10 sec. starts 3 hp motor. With 5kVA for 5 seconds, VFX3648 will not start the same motor. Inverter Data Display: TSW LCD is included at no extra cost The Outback Mate is $295 extra. Battery Charger: TSW is 70Amps, Power Factor Corrected to .98 VFX is 45 Amps, Power Factor Correction NA Internet Remote Monitoring: Available only from Apollo Warranty: TSW 5 Years Standard – VFX is 2 years standard
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW4048 and the Xantrex XW : Cost*: $2495 for the Apollo TSW4048 *List Prices $3600 for the Xantrex XW4548 Smaller Size: TSW is 21” tall x 9” wide x 7” deep XW is 30” tall x 16” wide x 9” deep Lighter Weight: TSW is 50 lbs. XW is 116 lbs. (The XW 165 lb shipping weight can not be shipped via UPS!) Lower cost wiring box: Apollo ISM is $ 795. XW Distribution Box is $1500. Internet Remote Monitoring : Available only from Apollo
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW3224 and the Magnum MS4024PAE: Parallel Stacking – Wire up to 8 TSW in parallel for 25.6kVA Cost*: $2495 for the Apollo TSW3224 *List Prices $2699 for the Magnum MS4024PAE Surge Capability: TSW is Full 6400VA for 10 seconds - Enough to start a 3 hp motor. MS4024PAE spec is 5800watts for 5 seconds. TSW Display Included – See what the inverter is doing without buying a separate display. The Magnum ME-RTR is $399 extra. Wiring Box – Stackable ISM from Apollo, integrates with T80 and T80HV Charge Controllers. Magnum has no charge controller. Internet Remote Monitoring : Available only from Apollo Warranty: TSW 5 Years Standard – Magnum is 2 years standard
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW3224 and the Outback VFX3524: Apollo TSW is Split Phase 120/240VAC 2 Outback inverters are required for 120/240 split phase. Cost * $2495 for the Apollo TSW3224 120/240VAC *List Prices $2569 for the Outback VFX3524 (120VAC only) Surge Capability: TSW --Full 6400VA for 10 sec. starts 3 hp motor. With 5000VA for 5 seconds, VFX3524 will not start the same motor. Inverter Data Display: TSW LCD is included at no extra cost The Outback Mate is $295 extra. Battery Charger: TSW is 100Amps, Power Factor Corrected to .98 VFX is 85 Amps, Power Factor Correction NA Internet Remote Monitoring: Available only from Apollo Warranty: TSW 5 Years Standard – VFX 2 years standard
  • Compare Features and BenefitsApollo TSW3224 and the Xantrex XW : Cost*: $2495 for the Apollo TSW3224 *List Prices $3250 for the Xantrex XW4024 (30% more than the TSW) Smaller Size: TSW is 21” tall x 9” wide x 7” deep XW is 30” tall x 16” wide x 9” deep Lighter Weight: TSW is 50 lbs. XW is 116 lbs. (The XW 165 lb shipping weight can not be shipped via UPS!) Lower cost wiring box: Apollo ISM is $ 795. XW Distribution Box is $1500. Internet Remote Monitoring : Available only from Apollo
  • Q&A 75
  • T80/T80HV Charge Controller Technical Training February, 2011 Apollo Solar, Inc. 23 F. J. Clarke Circle Bethel, CT 06801 (203) 790-6400 www.ApolloSolar.com 76
  • T80 and T80HV Installation, Setup, and OperationFeatures: Both units deliver 80 Amps into batteries at up to 45oC ambient Input Voltage (PV Open Circuit) 140V for the T80, 200V for the T80HV 250 volt Circuit Breakers and Ground Fault Protection available from Apollo Use the 2 Sanyo PV modules or a string of 7 ESA-210 Evergreens Works with the Apollo ISM enclosures 77
  • Apollo Remote Telecom SitesTelecom site using 3 Apollo Solar T80s in the Mojave Desert region of California. 78
  • Inverter Switchgear Module with T80InverDC and AC DIN rail breakers can be installed as a unit.Custom bus bar connectors replace cumbersome wiring. 79
  • Switchgear NOTE: AC NEUTRAL AND DC NEGATIVE WIRES ARE WHITE, BUT ARE SHOWN AS LIGHT GRAY. AC OUT AC IN APOLLO SOLAR TSW 3224 or TSW 3648 TRUE SINE WAVE APOLLO SOLAR Module TSW 3224 INVERTER/CHARGER CAT-5 ETHERNET CABLEWiring Diagram TRUE SINE WAVE INVERTER / CHARGER INTERNET APOLLO COMMUNICATION OPTIONAL GATEWAY REMOTE DISPLAY (OPTIONAL) ACG-1 APOLLO SOLAR Solar Power Center SWITCHGEAR MODULE ASNETThe Switchgear Module ENCLOSURE DC IN APOLLO SHUNT BOARDaccommodates all DC AC - BUS GFP AWG #3and AC wiring providingan easy means to 250connect: +BUS AWG #3 125V DC PV TurboCharger BREAKERS1. Battery Cables AC AC BREAKERS IN BAT PV2. PV input BATTERY BATTERY PV OUT IN ARRAY3. External AC VOLTAGE OPTIONAL SENSE APOLLO SOLAR T80 CHASSIS WIRES DELTA 302R EARTH PV CHARGE LIGHTNING GND ARRESTORS 6V CONTROLLER BATT GND PV IN PV INPUT 240VAC 6V (UP TO 75A) 240VAC OUT TO BATT APOLLO SOLAR WIRES MAY BE AS IN FROM BATTERY LOAD LARGE AS AWG #2 LINE OR TEMPERATURE GENERATOR PANEL SENSOR 6V WIRED FOR 120/240VAC SPLIT PHASE BATT BATTERY BOX AND BATTERIES (MADE BY OTHERS) * GND NOTE: IF THIS POWER CENTER IS THE SOURCE BATTERY MAY BE 24 OR 48V INVERTER 6V OF THE BUILDING POWER, THE AC NEUTRAL MUST BE DEPENDING ON THE INVERTER. SWITCHGEAR MODULE CONNECTED TO EARTH GROUND AT THIS POINT ONLY. BATT (24 VOLT VERSION SHOWN) IF THE SYSTEM HAS AN AC INPUT AT A CIRCUIT STRINGS MAY BE TIED IN ISM120/240-T80 BREAKER BOX, THE AC NEUTRAL MUST BE TIED TO GROUND AT THAT SOURCE OF POWER ONLY. PARALLEL FOR MORE AMP-HRS. WIRING DIAGRAM 80
  • Basic T80 System T80 BASIC SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAM Input from PV Array or Combiner Box _ +Wiring DiagramShowing keycomponents: BATT+ T80 TurboCharger MODULAR CABLE WITH 3 TWISTED PAIRS. DC RATED BREAKERT80 TurboCharger FOR CURRENT SHUNT, BATTERY VOLTAGE SENSE AND BATTERY +BAT+ -BAT- - PV - +PV+ TEMPERATURE. 0500Amp 50mV Shunt USE SEPARATE CONDUIT AND KEEP CLEAR OF HIGH VOLTAGE WIRING.Apollo Shunt Board _Batt Voltage Sense Wires SYSTEMBatt Temperature Sensor DC RATED BREAKER 0 EARTH GROUNDCable back to T80 +Bat _ FUSE -Bat SHUNT 50mV Temp 500AMP BATTERY TEMPERATURE VOLTAGE APOLLO SENSOR SENSE WIRES SHUNT BOARD 81
  • Setting up the T80 “As easy as A-B-C” A P O L L O S O L A RB A T T E R Y F O U N D Step A - T80 reads your N O M I N A L X X V O L T S battery voltage. You just C O N F I R M : N O Y E S confirm.B A T T E R Y T Y P E = X X X X X X X Step B - Set chargingM A K E = G E N E R I C parametersC A P A C I T Y = X X X 0 A h rB A C K - + N E X T (You provide the BatteryB A T T E R Y S E T U P 2 Type and Capacity, the T80M A X C H A R G E A M P S = X X A suggests the rest).B A C K - + N E X TB A T T E R Y S E T U P 2M A X C H A R G E A M P S = X X AB A C K - + N E X TS E T C L O C K M O D E = X X H r Step C - Set Time and Date,T I M E = H H : M M : S S A MD A T E = M M / D D / Y Y and Go.B A C K - + N E X T 82
  • Operation of the T80 Main Status ScreenI N = X X X . X V X X . X A m p s Main Status Screen - DisplaysO U T = X X . X V X X . X A m p s Input and Output Voltage andB A T S O C = X X X % X X X X X X XS E T U P S O C D A T A Current, and State of Charge DataI N = X X X . X V X X . X A m p s Status Field, indicatesO U T = X X . X V X X . X A m p s operating mode: BULK,B A T S O C = X X X % X X X X X X X ABSORB, FLOAT, and CHGS E T U P S O C D A T A OFF. 83
  • Stacking Charge Controllers and Inverters NEUTRAL APOLLO SOLAR LINE IN APOLLO SOLAR AC OUT AC IN TSW 4048 GND AC OUT AC IN TSW 4048 NEUTRAL INVERTER/ LINE OUT INVERTER/ CHARGER CHARGER CAT-5 ETHERNET 30A MAX No. 10 AWG WIRE 30A MAX No. 10 AWG WIRE CABLE TO THE GND GND L N L N OUTPUT INPUT SLAVE TSW INTERNET MASTER TSW AC CONNECTOR AT TOP OF TSW TRUE SINE WAVE TRUE SINE WAVE INVERTER / CHARGER INVERTER / CHARGER GATEWAY AND APOLLO TERMINATOR POWER SUPPLY MAY 24V POWER SOLAR BE MOUNTED IN THE FOR STACKING GATEWAY SUPPLY FOR GUTTER RACEWAY CABLE GATEWAY APOLLO SOLAR PARALLEL STACKING CABLE INVERTER SWITCHGEAR APOLLO SOLAR T80 MODULE GROUND FAULT APOLLO SOLAR T80 GROUND FAULT APOLLO PROTECTION PV CHARGE PROTECTION PV CHARGE ASNET (ISM230) TSW BREAKERS TSW BREAKERS ASNET SHUNT ON PV INPUT CONTROLLER ASNET CAT5 CABLE ON PV INPUT CONTROLLER BOARD DC IN DC IN ISM230 TOGGLE AWG #6 BYPASS BYPASS AWG #6 250A DC BREAKER - BUS - BUS 250A DC BREAKER 500A SHUNT MASTER 500A SHUNT 60 AMP AC IN T80 AC IN AC LINE IN GENSET IN GENERATOR/LINE GROUND BUS GROUND BUS AC NEUTRAL BUS 250 250 RES RES AC NEUTRAL BUS SELECTOR PAC 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A 50A .5A .5A AC OUT 5A AC OUT 60A T80 AUX 60A 30A 30A 30A 30A 30A 30A RELAY +BUS CONTACTS APOLLO SOLAR AUX AUX AWG #3 AWG #3 AC AWG #3 TurboCharger AWG #3 TurboCharger 1 2 AC PV GEN-START BREAKERS 125V DC PV BREAKERS 125V DC MODULE BREAKERS IN +BUS BREAKERS IN TRIGGER SLAVE 2 WIRE GND BAT BAT T80 GND START INPUT PV PV OUT IN OUT IN AWG #6 4" GUTTER USED AS RACEWAY FOR ALL WIRES ALONG BOTTOM 4/0 GAUGE OF ISMs AND T80s. 4/0 GAUGE PV IN DC IN FROM CHASSIS PV IN DC IN FROM GENERATOR PV ARRAY EARTH PV ARRAY SUPPLIED BY 2 WIRE GND 140Voc max GND OTHERS GND 140Voc max START 70A max 70A max 230/240VAC LINE IN FROM NEUTRAL BATTERY WIRING DIAGRAM FOR GENERATOR GROUND 60A MAX 12V VOLTAGE BATTERY NOTE: THE BATTERIES MAY * GND NOTE: IF THIS POWER CENTER IS THE 2 TSW INVERTERS PARALLEL No. 6 AWG BATT SENSE BE SEALED GEL CELLS, AGM OR SOURCE OF THE BUILDING POWER, THE AC WIRE WIRES FLOODED LEAD ACID. THE BATTERY NEUTRAL MUST BE CONNECTED TO EARTH STACKED FOR 230 or 240VAC 12V AMP-HOUR CAPACITY IS CHOSEN BY GROUND AT THIS POINT ONLY. SINGLE PHASE OPERATION LINE BATT THE SYSTEM DESIGNER BASED ON IF THE SYSTEM HAS AN AC INPUT AT A CIRCUIT 230/240VAC APOLLO SOLAR IN FROM LINE NEUTRAL BATTERY THE LOADS AND DAYS OF AUTONOMY BREAKER BOX, THE AC NEUTRAL MUST BE TIED WITH 2 T80HV CHARGE GROUND REQUIRED WITHOUT SUNSHINE. THE TO GROUND AT THAT SOURCE OF POWER ONLY. 60A MAX TEMPERATURE CONTROLLERS AND No. 6 AWG 12V SENSOR TSW CHARGING AMPS MUST BE SET WIRE 60A MAX BATT ACCORDING TO THE BATTERY SPECS. GENERATOR STARTING No. 6 AWG TSW INVERTER NOTE: THE TSW4048 MAY BE SELECTED IN LINE WIRE FUSE LINE FOR OPERATION AT EITHER 230V, 240V, 120V SINGLE 23 F. J. Clarke Circle 230/240VAC 12V NEUTRAL 48V BATTERY PHASE, or 120/240V SPLIT PHASE. THE FREQ MAY BE Bethel, CT 06801 OUT TO LOAD BATT GROUND BANK SELECTED SEPARATELY FOR 50Hz OR 60Hz. THE (203) 790-6400 BY OTHERS EXTERNAL WIRING IS THE SAME FOR ALL SINGLE PHASE www.ApolloSolar.com AC WIRING NOTE: THIS DRAWING VOLTAGES. SPLIT PHASE OPERATION REQUIRES DUAL 8kVA SYSTEM – 2 TSWs & 2 T80s SHOWS THE IEC COLOR CODE: BLUE CIRCUIT BREAKERS ON ALL AC LINES. ALL THE FOR NEUTRAL, BROWN FOR AC LINE. BREAKERS ARE AVAILABLE FROM APOLLO SOLAR. WIRING DIAGRAM FOR THE USA, THE NEUTRAL IS WHITE AND THE AC LINE IS BLACK.Copyright 2009, 2010 Apollo Solar, Inc. 20-JULY-2010 J. PFEIFER REV 3 84