Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education:<br />An Economic Analysis<br />Professor Jeremy B Williams<b...
The standard economic analysis of the net benefits tosocietyof education<br />Social Costs/Returns<br />SC<br />SR<br />Ye...
Recent brain development research has upset mainstream <br />thinking …<br />
The human brain and critical periods for learning in a person’s development<br />John Abbott, President of The 21st Centur...
A speech from <br />a little known<br />US Senator <br />in 2006 …<br />
J.J. Heckman (2000)<br />‘Policies to foster human capital’, Research in Economics, 54(1), 3-56.<br />The economic<br />de...
Professor James Heckman<br />
Rate of Return:Why Early Investment Matters<br />
Professor W. Steven Barnett <br />Director of the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) at Rutgers Unive...
What Barnett (2008) <br />tells us …<br />
High rates of return<br />Comparing the costs of public investment in ECE against a variety of benefits:<br /><ul><li>high...
increased labour-force participation of parents
lower risks of delinquency, crime and teenage pregnancy</li></li></ul><li>Early skills: Importance of soft skills<br />
Change the early years.<br />Change life.<br />
So what about India? …<br />
Population: 1.17 billion; 1.38% p.a. <br />Per capita income: US$1089 (US$4542 in PPP)<br />50% of the population is belo...
India will need the greatest inflow of new teachers in the world – more than 20 lakh</li></li></ul><li>24<br />India ranks...
25<br />3.4% of children aged 2-4 yrs are in pre-school (cf. 14.4% in the US)<br />
361 million should be in school<br />219 million are in school<br />Drop-out rates …<br />Grades 1-4: 16% (25m)<br />Grade...
What does a strategic<br />approach to ECE<br />look like? …<br />
1. Proven effectiveness<br />	Using ‘available funds wisely’ (Heckman 2000), policy makers will be focusing on replicating...
2. Quality assurance<br />	Teachers in these model ECE programmes (whether public or private) will be receiving intensive ...
3. Regular review<br />	These ECE programmes will be regularly assessing a child’s learning and development to monitor the...
4. Holistic approach<br />	ECE programmes will embrace a pedagogy that develops the whole child (including social and emot...
5. Public policy<br />	More broadly, ECE policy needs to be developed within the context of comprehensive public policy to...
Credits …<br />Source for India data<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/alokputul/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/happyh...
Thank you for listening<br />authenticlearning.wordpress.com<br />jeremybwilliams<br />This presentation is available at:<...
The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis
The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis
The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis
The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis

1,984

Published on

Early Childhood Education Global Conference:
ECE: Opportunities and Challenges
Grand Hyatt Hotel, Santa Cruz, Mumbai
17 July 2010

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,984
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • http://nieer.org/mediacenter/pressimages/
  • 2008: India ranks 99th in the list of Education For All (EFA) Development Index among 125 countries, even though there have been reductions in the number of out-of-school children since 2004
  • 361 million should be in school. 219 million are in school
  • Transcript of "The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education: An Economic Analysis"

    1. 1. The Critical Importance of Foundational Pre-School Education:<br />An Economic Analysis<br />Professor Jeremy B Williams<br />Chief Academic Officer<br />Knowledge Universe Education<br />Early Childhood Education Global Conference: <br />ECE: Opportunities and Challenges<br />Grand Hyatt Hotel, Santa Cruz, Mumbai<br />17 July 2010<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. The standard economic analysis of the net benefits tosocietyof education<br />Social Costs/Returns<br />SC<br />SR<br />Years in education<br />A<br />B<br />C<br />ECE/K-8<br />9-12<br />Post-Sec<br />Life-long learning<br />
    4. 4. Recent brain development research has upset mainstream <br />thinking …<br />
    5. 5. The human brain and critical periods for learning in a person’s development<br />John Abbott, President of The 21st Century Learning Initiativewww.21learn.org<br />
    6. 6. The link between social and emotional development and cognitive development <br />“ …When it comes to brain circuitry, it’s better to get it right the first time, than to try and fix it later.”<br />Professor Jack P. Shonkoff, M.D.Harvard University<br />
    7. 7.
    8. 8. A speech from <br />a little known<br />US Senator <br />in 2006 …<br />
    9. 9.
    10. 10. J.J. Heckman (2000)<br />‘Policies to foster human capital’, Research in Economics, 54(1), 3-56.<br />The economic<br />debate is over<br />
    11. 11. Professor James Heckman<br />
    12. 12. Returns per dollar invested<br />
    13. 13. Rate of Return:Why Early Investment Matters<br />
    14. 14. Professor W. Steven Barnett <br />Director of the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) at Rutgers University<br />
    15. 15. What Barnett (2008) <br />tells us …<br />
    16. 16. High rates of return<br />Comparing the costs of public investment in ECE against a variety of benefits:<br /><ul><li>higher achievement test scores, lower rates of grade repetition and special education, and higher educational attainment
    17. 17. higher earnings and resulting higher tax revenues
    18. 18. increased labour-force participation of parents
    19. 19. lower risks of delinquency, crime and teenage pregnancy</li></li></ul><li>Early skills: Importance of soft skills<br />
    20. 20. Change the early years.<br />Change life.<br />
    21. 21.
    22. 22. The 2008 EFA Global Monitoring Report stated that only 53% of the world’s countries have ECE programmes for children under 3<br />These are mostly in North America and Western Europe, Central Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean<br />
    23. 23. So what about India? …<br />
    24. 24. Population: 1.17 billion; 1.38% p.a. <br />Per capita income: US$1089 (US$4542 in PPP)<br />50% of the population is below 25 years<br />360 million children of school-going age<br />The largest child population in the world<br />
    25. 25. <ul><li>Projected global teacher shortage by 2015 … 18 million
    26. 26. India will need the greatest inflow of new teachers in the world – more than 20 lakh</li></li></ul><li>24<br />India ranks 105th out of 128 on the EFA Development Index<br />
    27. 27. 25<br />3.4% of children aged 2-4 yrs are in pre-school (cf. 14.4% in the US)<br />
    28. 28. 361 million should be in school<br />219 million are in school<br />Drop-out rates …<br />Grades 1-4: 16% (25m)<br />Grades 5-8: 43% (39m)<br />Grades 9-12: 68% (78m)<br />
    29. 29. What does a strategic<br />approach to ECE<br />look like? …<br />
    30. 30. 1. Proven effectiveness<br /> Using ‘available funds wisely’ (Heckman 2000), policy makers will be focusing on replicating ECE models that have proven their effectiveness. <br /> Typically these models have relatively small class sizes and well-educated teachers with adequate remuneration<br />
    31. 31. 2. Quality assurance<br /> Teachers in these model ECE programmes (whether public or private) will be receiving intensive supervision and mentoring<br /> They will be involved in a continuous improvement process for learning and teaching<br />
    32. 32. 3. Regular review<br /> These ECE programmes will be regularly assessing a child’s learning and development to monitor the extent to which they are meeting their institutional goals<br />
    33. 33. 4. Holistic approach<br /> ECE programmes will embrace a pedagogy that develops the whole child (including social and emotional development and self-regulation)<br /> This will help to produce positive effects on children’s behaviour, which leads to later reductions in crime and delinquency.<br />
    34. 34. 5. Public policy<br /> More broadly, ECE policy needs to be developed within the context of comprehensive public policy to support child development from birth to age 5 and beyond<br /> With priority for socioeconomically disadvantaged children who are likely to benefit most. <br />
    35. 35. Credits …<br />Source for India data<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/alokputul/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/happyhorizons/<br />Heckman [1]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teMx2e-PA0U&feature=related<br />Heckman [2]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leA7EDrPLi4&feature=related<br />Abbott: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCHsBk3edvg&NR=1<br />Obama: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WkWbu54LJ_8&feature=channel<br />Harvard Education: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tLiP4b-TPCA&feature=related<br />theounceofprevention: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbSp88PBe9E&feature=PlayList&p=C41F8076EF5B47B2&playnext_from=PL&index=4&playnext=1<br />Ms KirtanaHariharan, Research Analyst, Knowledge Universe Education<br />
    36. 36. Thank you for listening<br />authenticlearning.wordpress.com<br />jeremybwilliams<br />This presentation is available at:<br />www.jeremybwilliams.net/jbw/Presentations.html<br />

    ×