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  • Joachim Raff

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  • 1. Contemporaries in America, Australia, Japan and Slavic Lands Jemaima Pagsibigan MuT 213
  • 2. Edward MacDowell 1861-1908
    • Joachim Raff
    • Marian Nevins
    • Hamlin Garland
    • Piano Concerto Nos. 1 and 2
    • “ Indian” Suite No. 2, Op. 48
  • 3. His music between 1893 and 1903
    • Woodland Sketches, Op. 51
    • “ To A Wild Rose”
    • Sea Pieces, Op. 55
    • “ To The Sea”
    • Fireside Tales, Op. 61
    • “ Of Salamanders”
    • “ Br’er Rabbit”
  • 4. His music between 1893 and 1903
    • New England Idylls, Op. 62
    • “ The Joy Of Autumn”
    • “ To An Old White Pine”
    • “ In Deep Woods”
  • 5. STYLE
    • Long pieces:
    • Range of choices is narrow; sonatas lack variety
    • Lawrence Gilman – “richness makes it cloying, consists of 7 th and 9 th chords, broken or decorated; bass line is undistinguishable; constant use of half-pedal”
  • 6. STYLE
    • Long pieces:
    • Naive treatment of modulations
    • Markings of tempo and dynamics are imprecise
  • 7. STYLE
    • Short pieces:
    • Narrowness is appropriate
    • Rich texture supports and colors the melodies-made up of short motifs, suggesting animated speech, range over 2 or 3 octaves, full of diatonic appoggiaturas, develop and lead to satisfying recaps
  • 8.
    • CHARLES IVES
    • (1874-1954)
    • Harmony Twichell
    • George Ives
  • 9.
    • Concord Sonata (Piano Sonata No. 2)
    • The Innate
    • Symphony No. 2
    • Symphony No. 3 ( The Camp Meeting )
    • Quarter-tone Pieces for 2 Pianos
    • The Unanswered Question
  • 10. DUALISTIC THEORY Substance Manner
  • 11.
    • STYLE
    • Emersonian Idealism-motifs and chords are all pregnant with literary associations
    • Tunes, texts, harmony and rhythm are borrowed from popular church, dance and military band music; used as themes for fugal or symphonic development
  • 12.
    • STYLE
    • Polyharmonies and polyrhythms
    • Melodies are not memorable
    • Rhythms are sluggish or jerky
    • Chords are opaque blocks of six or more notes tightly spaced and doubled in octaves
  • 13. Other American Composers Horatio Parker (1863-1919)
  • 14. Other American Composers Frederick Shepherd Converse (1871-1940)
  • 15. Other American Composers Daniel Gregory Mason (1873-1953)
  • 16. Other American Composers Edward Burlingame Hill (1872-1959)
  • 17. Other American Composers John Alden Carpenter (1876-1951)
  • 18. Other American Composers Rubin Goldmark (1872-1936)
  • 19. Other American Composers Charles Martin Loeffler (1861-1935)
  • 20. Other American Composers Henry Eichheim (1870-1942)
  • 21. Other American Composers Henry Burleigh (1866-1949)
  • 22. Other American Composers Henry F. Gilbert (1868-1928)
  • 23. Other American Composers Arthur Farwell (1872-1951)
  • 24. Other American Composers Oscar George Theodore Sonneck (1873-1928)
  • 25. Other American Composers Isadora Duncan (1878-1927)
  • 26. Native Music of Latin America Carlos Gomes (1836-1896)
  • 27. Native Music of Latin America Claudio Rebogliati (1843-1909)
  • 28. Native Music of Latin America Alberto Williams (1862-1952)
  • 29. Australia Alfred Hill (1870-1960) Japan Shuji Izawa (1851-1917)
  • 30. Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943)
    • Early works: an opera, 1 st piano concerto, five piano pieces, a tone poem, 1 st symphony
    • Feodor Chaliapin
    • Piano Concerto No. 2
    • Works between 1902-1917: two short operas, two cantatas, two choral services, 3 rd piano concerto, 2 nd symphony, 40+ piano pieces, 50 songs
  • 31. Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943)
    • Later works: 4 th piano concerto, 3 rd symphony, Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
  • 32.
    • Alexander Scriabin
    • (1871-1915)
    • short piano pieces
    • piano sonatas
    • Divine Poem, Poem of Ecstasy, Prometheus, Poem of Fire
    • Album Leaf
  • 33.
    • STYLE
    • 7 th and 9 th chords prevail; the 1 st plain triad with root in the bass is the final chord
    • Melody is full of emphatic leaps
    • Rhythm is characteristic; extremes of rubato
    • Dynamics and tone color are coordinated simply with rhythmic and melodic contours
  • 34. Leos Janacek (1854-1928) ♪ From Her Foster-Daughter from Jenufa ♪ Sinfonietta ♪ Youth ♪ They Chattered Like Swallows ♪ In The Mists ♪ Glagolitic Mass
  • 35.
    • STYLE
    • Motifs are derived from speech; repetition in phrases is derived from folksong
    • Motion from one chord to the next connects the motif with its repetition
    • Motion is unpredictable
  • 36.
    • STYLE
    • Constantly adding and subtracting voices from the texture
    • Frequent crossing of melody and accompaniment in the same register
    • Free and frequent appearance of the 5 th of a triad in the bass
    • Triads are enriched with added 6 th
    • Use of dominant 7 th , 9 th and augmented triads
    • Forms are various and loose
  • 37. Other Russian Composers Alexander Tikhonovich Grechaninov (1864-1956)
  • 38. Other Russian Composers Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (1865-1936)
  • 39. Other Russian Composers Nikolai Karlovich Medtner (1879-1951)
  • 40. Other Russian Composers Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov (1866-1920)
  • 41. Other Russian Composers Sergei Nikiforovich Vassilenko (1872-1956)
  • 42. Other Russian Composers Nikolai Nikolaevich Tcherepnin (1873-1945)
  • 43. Other Russian Composers Reinhold Moritsovich Gliere (1874-1956)
  • 44. Other Russian Composers Alexander Afanasievich Spendiarov (1871-1928)
  • 45. Music of the Czech Republic Vitezslav Novak (1870-1949)
  • 46. Music of the Czech Republic Josef Suk (1874-1935)
  • 47.
    • Latvia
    • Joseph Wihtol
    • (1863-1948)
  • 48.
    • Lithuania
    • Mikalojus Konstantinas
    • Ciurlionis
    • (1875-1911)
  • 49.
    • Poland
    • Ignace Paderewski Leopold Godowsky Wanda Landowska
    • (1860-1941) (1870-1938 (1877-1960)