HOW TO WRITE A SUMMARY LEAD1. Look for the ESSENTIAL 5 W’s and H from the notes you took for the story.2. Choose the feature on the basis of news values and your reader- What will interest them?3. Arrange 5 W’s and H in the order of DECREASING importance. WHO and WHAT are usually the most important.4. Determine the best way to start the lead sentence.5. Test your lead.6. Rewrite the lead if there’s a need to improve it.
HOW TO TEST YOUR LEAD1. Are all the essential 5 W’s and H included?2. Is the feature the really most interesting/most important fact of the story?3. Are the remaining essentials arrange in proper order?4. Does the lead begin with specific interest-arousing or provocative words?5. Is it generally short about 25-35 words only?6. Is the source/authority well suggested/explicitly stated if necessary?7. Are all persons well identified?
HOW TO TEST YOUR LEAD8. If the story depends upon previous/current news, is the relationship made clear?9. Is the lead clear in both structure and content? Can it be cut from the rest of the story and be published by itself?10. Is the lead written as colorful as possible?
TIPS FOR NEWS WRITERS:1) Be sure to emphasize the feature in the lead.2) Proceed from the most interesting to the least interesting.3) Don’t cover all the major components in the lead.4) Avoid using expression “there is”, “there was”, “according to”, “a”, “an”, “the” at the beginning of the lead.5) Give your source or authority when necessary.6) Identify all person: write their full name, the first time they are mention.
TIPS FOR NEWS WRITERS:7) Remember that the time element is important part of the story.8) Avoid opinions, colored words, adjectives, adverbs unless you are quoting somebody.9) Write one idea one sentence paragraph.10) Strive to make your writing style clear and graphic, simple, clear and natural.11) Choose your word with care. Don’t assume their meanings.12) Prefer concrete/specific words rather than general/abstract ones.
TIPS FOR NEWS WRITERS:13) Avoid wordiness.14) Strive for variety in sentence structure.15) Guard against misleading statements.16) Shorten your paragraphs.17) Determine the length of your story by its value in reader’s interest.18) Study constantly the construction of news stories in leading newspaper to improve your news writing skills.19)Be careful with your grammar.20) To assure consistency of style in your paper observe rules on your style sheet.
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