All Creatures in Catastrophe

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Presented to veterinary students attending the 2012 Special Species Symposium at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, this talk provides an overview of federal emergency response efforts specific to animals.

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All Creatures in Catastrophe

  1. 1. Once upon a time there was a hurricane named Katrina... People refused to leave their pets 600,000 pets either died or abandoned Coastal zoos and aquariums damaged and collections lost
  2. 2. Evacuation in a Hurricane Would not evacuate 2007 Would not evacuate 2006* 31% 23% Top reasons for not evacuating (among those who said they would/might stay in the area) 75% Home is well-built/will be safe at home 56% Think roads will be too crowded 36% Think evacuating would be dangerous 33% Worried possessions would be stolen/damaged Would not want to leave pet 0% 27% 20% 40% 60% Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, June 18-July 10, 2007. *Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, July 5-11, 2006. 80%
  3. 3. Evacuation in a Hurricane Would not evacuate 2007 Would not evacuate 2006* 31% 23% Top reasons for not evacuating (among those who said they would/might stay in the area) 75% Home is well-built/will be safe at home 56% Think roads will be too crowded 36% Think evacuating would be dangerous 33% Worried possessions would be stolen/damaged Would not want to leave pet 0% 27% 20% 40% 60% Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, June 18-July 10, 2007. *Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, July 5-11, 2006. 80%
  4. 4. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says... APMA, AVMA, AHA
  5. 5. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says... 46.9% Pet is FAMILY APMA, AVMA, AHA
  6. 6. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says... 46.9% Pet is FAMILY 47% wont leave their pets APMA, AVMA, AHA
  7. 7. Pre-Katrina recommendation: Leave pets with three days of food and water.
  8. 8. Pre-Katrina recommendation: Leave pets with three days of food and water.
  9. 9. Snowball, Katrina, and the PETS Act The dog was taken away from this little boy, and to watch his face was a singularly revealing and tragic experience. This legislation was born at that moment. -- Rep Tom Lantos (D-CA)
  10. 10. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act Support states Disaster preparedness Evacuation Shelter plans
  11. 11. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act Support states s n a pets um ld H preparednesss o imal Disaster h n e a usEvacuation o ice H Shelter plans v r e S
  12. 12. All Creatures in Catastrophe How Your Tax Dollars Go Towards Rescue and Shelter of Wild and Captive Animals During an Emergency Jeleen Briscoe, VMD, DABVP (Avian) USDA APHIS Animal Care Program Jereme Altendorf, CHHM US Coast Guard National Strike Force
  13. 13. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an Issue Politicians Publicity Exposure and who is involved Public Media Fringe Phase Interest Scientists Groups Academia Emergence Best opportunity to Save Resources Time Trigger Event Anticipatory Crisis/Public Positioning Resolution Crisis Time Courtesy of Don Butler Source: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble
  14. 14. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an Issue Politicians Publicity Exposure and who is involved Public Media Fringe Phase Interest Scientists Groups Academia Emergence Best opportunity to Save Resources Time Trigger Event Anticipatory Crisis/Public Positioning Resolution Crisis Time Courtesy of Don Butler Source: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble
  15. 15. October 19, 2011
  16. 16. October 22, 2011 “No person shall by any means acquire a dangerous exotic animal” “Dangerous exotic animal means...large cat, nonhuman primate, constricting snake, venomous snake, any other animal designated by chief in rules…”
  17. 17. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act Support states s n a pets um ld H preparednesss o imal Disaster h n e a usEvacuation o ice H Shelter plans v r e S
  18. 18. “Household Pet” A domesticated pet, such as a dog, cat, bird, rabbit, rodent, or turtle that is traditionally kept in the home for pleasure rather than for commercial purposes and can travel in commercial carriers and be housed in temporary facilities. Household pets do not include reptiles (with the exception of turtles), amphibians, fish, insects/arachnids, farm animals (including horses), and animals kept for racing purposes.
  19. 19. State & Local Response Veterinary Emergency Managers Personnel overwhelmed Resources dwindle Prolonged response HELP! Other States Emergency Management Assistance Compact Federal Government Presidential Declaration (Stafford Act) Federal Emergency Management Association
  20. 20. National Response Framework Nation’s approach to all-hazards response Key response principles Roles Organizational structure
  21. 21. National Response Framework National Incident Management System
  22. 22. National Incident Management System Incident Command System Unified Command Participants May Include: Local Official(s) State Official(s) Federal Official(s) Responsible Party Representative(s) Information Safety Liaison Operations Planning Logistics Finance and Administration
  23. 23. National Response Framework ESF #5 – Emergency Management Base Plan ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response ESF #4 - Firefighting ESF # 9 –Search and Rescue ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering ESF #2 – Telecommunications ESF #1 - Transportation Emergency Support Function Annexes ESF #8 – Public Health & Medical Services ESF #7 –Logistics Management & Resource Support ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing & Human Services ESF #15 – External Affairs ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security ESF #12 - Energy ESF #11 –Agriculture and Natural Resources Emergency Support Functions Cyber Incident Food and Agriculture Incident Public Affairs Tribal Relations Biological Incident Private-Sector Coordination Financial Management Worker Safety and Health Support Annexes Terrorism Incident Law Enforcement and Investigation Volunteer and Donations Management International Coordination Nuclear/Radiological Incident Catastrophic Incident Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Incident Annexes Federal Response Private-Sector and Nongovernmental State Response Local Government Response Partner Guides
  24. 24. Emergency Support Functions ESF#6: Mass care and emergency services including pets ESF#8:Veterinary medical support ESF#11: Safety and well-being of pets, ensuring a coordinated Federal response
  25. 25. PETS Act and USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Care Emergency Programs Two regional teams of veterinary personnel that will: Assist States with planning and preparedness Staff ESF #11 position at Unified Incident Command Post, and/or State desks
  26. 26. USDA-APHIS Organization Secretary of Agriculture Marketing and Regulatory Programs Agricultural Marketing Service Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration Biotechnology Regulatory Services International Services Plant Protection and Quarantine Veterinary Services Wildlife Services Animal Care
  27. 27. What Animal Care is NOT
  28. 28. What Animal Care is NOT
  29. 29. What Animal Care is NOT
  30. 30. What Animal Care is NOT
  31. 31. What Animal Care is NOT
  32. 32. Animal Care Mission Animal Welfare Act Horse Protection Act Pets Mission Emergency Response
  33. 33. Animal Welfare Act Federal law Minimum standards Care and treatment Covered animals
  34. 34. Horse Protection Act • Prohibits owners and trainers from showing, exhibiting, or selling sored horses. • Prohibits drivers from transporting sored horses to compete in shows
  35. 35. Emergency Response for Pets
  36. 36. What are the four phases of emergency management?
  37. 37. Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation
  38. 38. Brooke Buddemeier, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LA County Public Health Conference 2010
  39. 39. Brooke Buddemeier, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LA County Public Health Conference 2010
  40. 40. On average: 0.67 pets per person in the typical U.S. community
  41. 41. 25,000 people 16,750 pets
  42. 42. 25,000 people 16,750 pets 145,000 people 97,150 pets
  43. 43. 25,000 people 16,750 pets 145,000 people 97,150 pets 850,000 people 569,500 pets
  44. 44. 25,000 people 16,750 pets 145,000 people 97,150 pets 300,000 people 201,000 pets 850,000 people 569,500 pets
  45. 45. The Future The Past
  46. 46. APHIS Animal Care and Preparedness Federal partnerships National Alliance of State Animal and Agricultural Emergency Programs Collaboration (NASAAEP): Best Practices Working Groups National Animal Rescue and Shelter Coalition Association of Zoos and Aquariums Contingency Plan Docket PETS Multi-Agency Coordination
  47. 47. Federal Partnerships Federal Animal Emergency Working Group FEMA – Statutory authority (Stafford Act) – Resources USDA / APHIS / Animal Care – Federal government’s subject matter experts on animal welfare – Staff of veterinarians and VHT’s – Program Response Team Department of Interior (USFWS) HHS – Veterinary Resources (NVRT, VMRC)
  48. 48. AWA Contingency Plans: Four Criteria WHEN? Identify situations that would trigger a contingency plan WHAT? Outline specific tasks required in emergencies WHO? Identify a chain of command HOW? Address response and recover in terms of materials, resources and training
  49. 49. NASAAEP BPWG Collaboration National Alliance of State Animal and Agriculture Emergency Programs Best Practice Working Groups Animal Search & Rescue Evacuation & Transportation Emergency Animal Sheltering Disaster Veterinary Care Animal Decontamination Planning & Resource Management Preparedness & Community Outreach Training
  50. 50. AI and Public Health
  51. 51. 41
  52. 52. USDA Zoo Animal Health Network AI Surveillance Project • Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago --> UMN • Cleveland Metroparks Zoo --> Cornell • Sacramento Zoo --> UC Davis
  53. 53. ZBPWG Contingency Guide Roadmap State vs federal emergency response Involve local stakeholders Risk assessment Flexible and scalable Cross training and role definition http://www.zooanimalhealthnetwork.org/ZooBest.aspx
  54. 54. National Animal Rescue and Shelter Coalition American Humane Association ASPCA Best Friends Animal Society Code 3 Associations International Fund for Animal Welfare National Animal Control Association RedRover (UAN) Associate: AVMA Affiliates: Society of Animal Welfare Administrators, American Red Cross, NASAAEP, PetFinder.com Foundation, American Veterinary Medical Foundation
  55. 55. Pets Multi-Agency Coordination Unit APHIS Emergency Operations Center
  56. 56. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an Issue Politicians Publicity Exposure and who is involved Public Media Fringe Phase Interest Scientists Groups Academia Emergence Best opportunity to Save Resources Time Trigger Event Anticipatory Crisis/Public Positioning Resolution Crisis Time Courtesy of Don Butler Source: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble
  57. 57. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an Issue Politicians Publicity Exposure and who is involved Public Media Fringe Phase Interest Scientists Groups Academia Emergence Best opportunity to Save Resources Time Trigger Event Anticipatory Crisis/Public Positioning Resolution Crisis Time Courtesy of Don Butler Source: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble
  58. 58. National Response Framework National Response system
  59. 59. National Response Framework Emergency Support Functions Presidential Declaration required THE GOVERNMENT PAYS National Response system Clean Water Act Superfund No Presidential Declaration required THE COMPANY PAYS
  60. 60. The National Response System Local, regional, and national Oil and hazardous materials emergencies
  61. 61. The National Response System
  62. 62. National Response Framework ESF #5 – Emergency Management Base Plan ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response ESF #4 - Firefighting ESF # 9 –Search and Rescue ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering ESF #2 – Telecommunications ESF #1 - Transportation Emergency Support Function Annexes ESF #8 – Public Health & Medical Services ESF #7 –Logistics Management & Resource Support ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing & Human Services ESF #15 – External Affairs ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security ESF #12 - Energy ESF #11 –Agriculture and Natural Resources Emergency Support Functions Cyber Incident Food and Agriculture Incident Public Affairs Tribal Relations Biological Incident Private-Sector Coordination Financial Management Worker Safety and Health Support Annexes Terrorism Incident Law Enforcement and Investigation Volunteer and Donations Management International Coordination Nuclear/Radiological Incident Catastrophic Incident Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Incident Annexes Federal Response Private-Sector and Nongovernmental State Response Local Government Response Partner Guides
  63. 63. National Response Framework Notification and Decisions Natural Resource Trustees
  64. 64. Natural Resource Trustees Restore natural resources and services Scientific natural resource damage assessments Engage responsible parties: regulation, settlement, or litigation
  65. 65. Natural Resource Trustees Restore natural resources and services Scientific natural resource damage assessments Engage responsible parties: regulation, settlement, or litigation
  66. 66. UC Davis Wildlife Health Center Readiness Response Research Reaching Out www.owcn.org
  67. 67. Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research Rehabilitation of injured, orphaned, and oiled native wild birds Goal: healthy birds to their natural environment Compassionate care, humane research, and education www.tristatebird.org
  68. 68. Conclusion All emergencies start locally Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA and USCG Partnerships and mutual understanding Pets mission & protection of natural resources
  69. 69. Conclusion All emergencies start locally e g a USCG l and il Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA v a understanding s mutual Partnerships and e k a t & protection of natural resources t IPets mission Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA
  70. 70. Conclusion All emergencies start locally e g a USCG l and il ns Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA v ria a ina s mutual understanding Partnerships and e eter k DV a AN t … & protection of natural resources t IPets mission Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA

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