WORLD HEART DAY This year, world health organization(WHO) is celebrate world heart day on 29/09/11. This celebration helps to us reduce heart related diseases in the world. During this month, we are planning to conduct health talk regarding hypertension . 1
OBJECTIVES At the end of the session each participant will be able to:
Know what is hypertension .
Understand the normal and abnormal blood pressure.
Identify the causes of hypertension.
Know how to prevent high blood pressure.
Understand the significance of hypertension in health promotion and disease prevention.
Discuss the importance of lifestyle changes in the management of hypertension.
Understand the risks of untreated hypertension.
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION OR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? 4
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure 5
NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS High blood pressure is sometimes called a silent killer because it may have no outward symptoms for years. In fact, one in five people with the condition don't know they have it. 9
HIGH BP LEADS TO FOLLOWING SIGNS Severe headaches Fatigue or confusion Dizziness Nausea Problems with vision Chest pain Breathing problems Blood in the urine 10
IMPORTANT CAUSE 13
PREVENTION 14 10 Healthy Habits That'll Keep Your Blood Pressure Normal
1. REGULAR BP. CHECK UP 15
2. MONITOR YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE To make sure it is under control and being managed properly. Since your blood pressure can fluctuate between doctor visits, home monitoring method is very useful. Record regularly your blood pressure readings so your doctor can have a clearer picture of your blood pressure over time. 16
3. REDUCE SALT INTAKE Limiting the amount of salt in your diet can also help control high blood pressure. General guidelines are to consume less than 2,400 milligrams of sodium per day, but if you already have high blood pressure, that number drops. And the lower your sodium intake, the better it is for your blood pressure. 17
4. EXCERSICE 18
Regular exercise is one of the best ways to prevent and control high blood pressure.
Helps you maintain a healthy weight . As long as your doctor says that exercise is safe for you.
Walking (20-30 mins./day) the easiest exercise,
it's the simplest way to get fit, stay in shape and strengthen your heart and bones.
DIETARY APPROACH TO STOP HYPERTENSION 19
5. BALANCED DIET There is evidence that people who consume a healthy diet can prevent high blood pressure . Food should be rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, nuts and seeds, and lean protein sources, such as skinless poultry and fish. It should also be low in fats and cholesterol. 20
6. QUIT SMOKING 21
Smoking can damage the walls of your blood vessels and harden your arteries.
Dangerous for people who have high blood pressure.
If you don't smoke, don’t start, and if you do smoke, make quitting a top priority.
7. LIMIT ALCOHOL INTAKE Drinking alcohol in moderation is generally not harmful and may even have some heart health benefits, but drinking too much has been shown to lead to high blood pressure and other serious health problems. Limit your alcohol intake to one drink per day if you are a woman or two drinks per day if you are a man. 22
8.MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT 23
If you’re overweight, losing as few as 10 pounds can lower high blood pressure.
Carrying extra weight not only increases your risk of high blood pressure, it also makes you more likely to develop cholesterol problems and diabetes.
Talk with your doctor about your weight. If you are overweight, he or she can recommend a safe weight loss program
9. MANAGE STRESS TO MANAGE HYPERTENSION 24
PRACTICE RELAXATION TECHNIQUES
Taking time out to unwind each day may help you control your high blood pressure. Find some relaxation techniques that you enjoy and practice them regularly. Examples of relaxation practices include meditating in a peaceful place for 15 to 20 minutes. Expressing your gratitude for the positive things in your life, and engaging in soothing physical activities such as yoga 25
10. TAKE BLOOD PRESSURE MEDICATIONS REGULARLY 26
Taking doctor-prescribed medications to lower blood pressure is a must to keep your blood pressure under control.
Unfortunately, because high blood pressure doesn’t cause symptoms, people forget how important it is to take these drugs as prescribed.
To help you remember, take them at the same time each day, write yourself notes, and enlist a friend or family member to remind you, too. And never skip a dose or stop taking your blood pressure medications without talking with your doctor first. 27
Living With High Blood Pressure Hypertension is often a life-long condition . It's important to take your medications and continue to monitor your blood pressure. If you keep it under control, you can reduce your risk of stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure. 28