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Gender analysis helps to identify the differences and disparities in the roles that men and women play, the power imbalances in their relations, their needs, constraints, and opportunities , and the impact of these differences on their likelihood of getting infected, accessing care, and recovering.
Step 1 : Know the gender structure of your community:
Gender norms regarding behavior, gender relations, etc.
Values : Are women and men equally valued?
Attitudes towards and perpetration of GBV
Roles : Productive and reproductive
Access to education, information, media, resources
Control over resources : patterns of decisionmaking
Health service delivery : Availability, gender norms in access and health delivery
How? Gender Analysis Framework for Health For women and men separately, fill the matrix: Source: See references on last slide In relation to HIV: How do gender norms/values/ roles/activities affect: How does experience/ perpetration of GBV affect: How do access to and control over resources affect: How do bio-logical differences between sexes affect: Vulnerability Prevention and treatment options Health-seeking behavior/access to services Experience with health services and providers Outcome of health problem Consequences