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  1. 1. Procrastination Presentation by Jegan Sekar
  2. 2. Procrastination – What is it? <ul><li>Voluntarily delay a course of action despite expecting to be worse off for the delay. </li></ul><ul><li>Put off intentionally and habitually the doing of something that should be done. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who knows what she or he wants to do, in some sense can do it, is trying to do it – yet doesn’t do it. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prevalence <ul><li>Procrastination afflicts millions of people and almost always has negative effects on productivity and sense of well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>60% of people are moderate procrastinators </li></ul><ul><li>6% of people are frequent procrastinators </li></ul><ul><li>95% of those surveyed indicate that they procrastinate occasionally </li></ul>
  4. 4. Excuses <ul><li>I’m waiting for divine inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>I have to be ready </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll do it tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>If I wait, it might go away </li></ul><ul><li>I have no control – the cards are stacked against me </li></ul><ul><li>I work best under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t do it now – my desk is messy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why overcome procrastination? <ul><li>Putting things off to the last minute almost always reduces your ability to perform at your best </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastinators often never perform the required or desired task (they wait until it is too late) </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastination leads to stress and/or decreased sense of well-being and/or self-esteem </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes <ul><li>Stress and anxiety – Too overwhelmed and worried to even being working on tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion – I don’t want to do it. You can’t make me do it </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating – Noisy, phone is ringing, desk is cluttered, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of failure – If I don’t achieve a certain mark, am a failure. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes <ul><li>Lack of enjoyment – I don’t like this task. So, I turn to more enjoyable immediate activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic expectations/perfectionism – I must always achieve ‘A’. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor time management – Uncertain of your priorities, goals & objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Preoccupation with personal problems – Focusing on personal problems like financial difficulty, relationship issues, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cures for procrastination - 1 <ul><li>Replace ‘should’ & ‘fear’ with ‘want’ & ‘need’ </li></ul><ul><li>If a task is based on what you truly want or need, you’re likely to be more motivated </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t sabotage your own want/need just because others also think you should accomplish something </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cures for procrastination - 2 <ul><li>Break down the task into smaller ones </li></ul><ul><li>When confronted with a task of reading 150 pages, we feel overwhelmed. Instead, if we decide to take up 50 pages at a time, we can endure. </li></ul><ul><li>The most significant barrier in procrastination is getting started. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cures for procrastination - 3 <ul><li>Set up a reward-punishment system </li></ul><ul><li>If I finish this task, I can take a coffee break. </li></ul><ul><li>If I don’t, I need to skip the break. </li></ul><ul><li>These rewards and punishments only matter if we consistently implement them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cures for procrastination - 4 <ul><li>Modify your goals to include these 4 characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>1. Short term 2. Specific 3. Attainable 4. Measurable </li></ul><ul><li>Change your negative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Remind yourself of the skills & abilities you possess </li></ul><ul><li>Stop focusing on faults & flaws. Remember that ‘failure’ is an opportunity to learn from your mistakes </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cures for procrastination - 5 <ul><li>Reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>Stress leads to procrastination which in turn leads to stress. This is a vicious cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain stress in the optimum area which will improve performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce distractions </li></ul><ul><li>Work in an organized environment </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared – have everything at your fingertips </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>Procrastination leads to stress & reduce one’s performance. It can be overcome by following these steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Replace ‘should’ & ‘fear’ with ‘want’ & ‘need’ </li></ul><ul><li>Break down the task into smaller ones </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a reward-punishment system </li></ul><ul><li>Modify your goals </li></ul><ul><li>Change your negative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce distractions </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank You