Truman doc and  marshall plan
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Truman doc and marshall plan

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Truman doc and  marshall plan Truman doc and marshall plan Presentation Transcript

  • The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan “Carry the battle to them. Don't let them bring it to you. Put them on the defensive and don't ever apologize for anything.”
  • George C. Marshall Secretary of State 1947-49 Secretary of Defense 1950-51 ● "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist."
  • Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech - Churchill outlined the ideological division in Europe by calling it an “Iron Curtain” - The Iron Curtain is a principal feature of the Cold War It is both a metaphor for the division and a literal description of what Stalin did in Berlin
  • The Truman Doctrine - Greece remained unstable since WWII with a very active communist party - USA was concerned about possibility of Greece “falling” to communism - How can you prevent this? = $$$ - NOTE: When you have money in your pocket and food on the table, you’re not interested in totalitarian communism - President Truman asked Congress for money to prevent this - This policy to support European countries to prevent the spread of communism became known as the Truman Doctrine - USA gave $400 million in economic and military aid to Greece – this is the Truman Doctrine in action
  • - The Truman Doctrine was the American political response to the perceived threat of communist Expansion in Europe - America’s line in the sand, telling the Soviets they could go no further - in other words, CONTAINMENT - The policy of containment would guide US responses to the USSR throughout the Cold War
  • The Marshall Plan – June 1947 - By 1947 it was clear that the loans which USA and Canada had made to Western Europe were insufficient - American Secretary of State, George Marshall, proposed the USA should give aid to Europe in order that they: –Rebuild economies –Balance budgets –Reduce inflation –Stabilize currencies –Become free of the need for aid
  • - The OEEC (Organization for European Economic Cooperation) was created to administer the plan - $28 Billion (mostly from the US) was given to 16 countries - The plan was a success: –many countries experienced rapid economic recovery –Communism did not expand in Europe after 1948 ● However, Europe was now firmly divided, both politically and economically
  • Conclusion ● The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were two policies designed to address the possibility of communist expansion in Europe ● The Truman Doctrine was the political expression, the Marshall Plan was the economic implementation ● These two initiatives were the Americans' response to the Soviets' imposing communist governments in the countries of Eastern Europe ● The actions of both the Soviets and the Americans served to divide Europe politically and economically
  • Conclusion ● The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were two policies designed to address the possibility of communist expansion in Europe ● The Truman Doctrine was the political expression, the Marshall Plan was the economic implementation ● These two initiatives were the Americans' response to the Soviets' imposing communist governments in the countries of Eastern Europe ● The actions of both the Soviets and the Americans served to divide Europe politically and economically