Truman doc and marshall plan

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Truman doc and marshall plan

  1. 1. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan “Carry the battle to them. Don't let them bring it to you. Put them on the defensive and don't ever apologize for anything.”
  2. 2. George C. Marshall Secretary of State 1947-49 Secretary of Defense 1950-51 ● "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist."
  3. 3. Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech - Churchill outlined the ideological division in Europe by calling it an “Iron Curtain” - The Iron Curtain is a principal feature of the Cold War It is both a metaphor for the division and a literal description of what Stalin did in Berlin
  4. 4. The Truman Doctrine - Greece remained unstable since WWII with a very active communist party - USA was concerned about possibility of Greece “falling” to communism - How can you prevent this? = $$$ - NOTE: When you have money in your pocket and food on the table, you’re not interested in totalitarian communism - President Truman asked Congress for money to prevent this - This policy to support European countries to prevent the spread of communism became known as the Truman Doctrine - USA gave $400 million in economic and military aid to Greece – this is the Truman Doctrine in action
  5. 5. - The Truman Doctrine was the American political response to the perceived threat of communist Expansion in Europe - America’s line in the sand, telling the Soviets they could go no further - in other words, CONTAINMENT - The policy of containment would guide US responses to the USSR throughout the Cold War
  6. 6. The Marshall Plan – June 1947 - By 1947 it was clear that the loans which USA and Canada had made to Western Europe were insufficient - American Secretary of State, George Marshall, proposed the USA should give aid to Europe in order that they: –Rebuild economies –Balance budgets –Reduce inflation –Stabilize currencies –Become free of the need for aid
  7. 7. - The OEEC (Organization for European Economic Cooperation) was created to administer the plan - $28 Billion (mostly from the US) was given to 16 countries - The plan was a success: –many countries experienced rapid economic recovery –Communism did not expand in Europe after 1948 ● However, Europe was now firmly divided, both politically and economically
  8. 8. Conclusion ● The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were two policies designed to address the possibility of communist expansion in Europe ● The Truman Doctrine was the political expression, the Marshall Plan was the economic implementation ● These two initiatives were the Americans' response to the Soviets' imposing communist governments in the countries of Eastern Europe ● The actions of both the Soviets and the Americans served to divide Europe politically and economically
  9. 9. Conclusion ● The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were two policies designed to address the possibility of communist expansion in Europe ● The Truman Doctrine was the political expression, the Marshall Plan was the economic implementation ● These two initiatives were the Americans' response to the Soviets' imposing communist governments in the countries of Eastern Europe ● The actions of both the Soviets and the Americans served to divide Europe politically and economically

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