Chap 6 Constitution Review

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Chap 6 Constitution Review

  1. 1. THE CONSTITUTION
  2. 2. ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
  3. 3. WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE
  4. 4. THE BIRTH OF A NATION WHO NOW WILL RULE?
  5. 5. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WEAK LEAGUE OF FRIENDSHIP
  6. 6. SHAY’S REBELLION The need for a stronger central government
  7. 7. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
  8. 8. INDEPENDENCE HALL
  9. 9. George Washington was elected as President of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. During the hearings he did not say one word, not wanting to influence the vote.
  10. 10. WHO WILL CONTROL THE NATION? FEDERAL GOVT. STATE GOVT.
  11. 11. BIG STATES & small states DEBATE
  12. 12. THE GREAT COMPROMISE SENATE BENEFITS SMALL STATES HOUSE BENEFITS BIG STATES TWO HOUSE SYSTEM NEW JERSEY PLAN VIRGINIA PLAN
  13. 13. THE SLAVE COMPROMISES
  14. 14. THREE-FIFTH COMPROMISE SLAVE TRADE COMPROMISES In southern states, slaves were to be counted as 3/5ths of a whole person for both tax and population for representation. This also meant they were considered 2/5ths property. Congress could not pass laws outlawing the import of slave labor from other countries until 1808. Also, northern states were required to return slaves who escaped to free states.
  15. 15. A VERY FRAGILE UNION The young nation was at risk of dividing into three smaller countries based on regions with similar needs and characteristics. The delegates decided to make what ever compromises were necessary to keep the nation one large country. N. S. W.
  16. 16. SHOULD CONSTITUTION PASS? THE NEXT GREAT DEBATE
  17. 17. JEFFERSON HAMILTON Against Constitution Supported Constitution Against Powerful Govt. Support Powerful Govt. Against Big Business Support Big Business More Power to State Govt. More Power to Federal G. Support Middle Class Support Wealthy Class All Men Should Vote Rich Men Should Vote Democratic Party Founder Republican Party Founder ANTIFEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS S T A T E S U N I T E D
  18. 18. JEFFERSON “ We need the be careful with a powerful central government. It would be better to keep most of the power under the control of the states. The government should support the common population.”
  19. 19. HAMILTON “ We need a strong powerful central government that can help the United States become a world power. The majority of the power should be controlled by the federal government which should support the needs of wealthy Americans.”
  20. 20. JAMES MADISON Father of the Constitution Bill of Rights Compromise
  21. 21. R A T I F Y
  22. 22. DUTY ? HOW MANY ? TERM ? ELECTED ? DUTY ? HOW MANY ? TERM ? ELECTED ? DUTY ? HOW MANY ? TERM ? ELECTED ?
  23. 23. # 1 THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
  24. 24. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
  25. 25. THE SENATE
  26. 27. # 2 THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  27. 28. COMMANDER IN CHIEF
  28. 29. GEORGE W. TO GEORGE B.
  29. 30. STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS
  30. 31. HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW
  31. 32. # 3 THE JUDICIAL BRANCH
  32. 33. THE SUPREME COURT
  33. 34. CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN ROBERTS
  34. 35. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH CONGRESS JUDICIAL BRANCH SUPREME COURT EXECUTIVE BRANCH PRESIDENT Appoints Judges to Supreme Court May Veto Bills Passed by Congress Unconstitutional Actions of President Can Declare Laws Unconstitutional May Impeach S. Court Justices May Override Presidential Veto CHECKS AND BALANCES
  35. 36. FEDERALISM - Power is shared on several levels of government to handle problems and represent the public’s needs and interests. STATE LOCAL President Bush Governor Rendell Mayor Pettyjohn FEDERAL
  36. 37. WHO DID THE CONSTITUTION BENEFIT?
  37. 38. WHITE MEN OF PROPERTY
  38. 39. MANY WERE LEFT OUT…
  39. 40. AFRICAN AMERICANS
  40. 41. NATIVE AMERICANS & WOMEN
  41. 42. IMMIGRANTS & THE POOR
  42. 43. A LIVING DOCUMENT BILL OF RIGHTS JAMES MADISON
  43. 44. AMMENDING THE CONSTITUTION
  44. 45. THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
  45. 46. STUDY!

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