Buildings in a Carbon-Constrained World




Nov 26th
Sustainable Buildings Canada
Buildings in a carbon-
constrained economy


• The impact of building developments on climate
  change
• Emerging trends
 ...
The Perfect Storm…
                         Climate Change
Acid rain
 damage




                                         ...
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Pie
Scope of Impact from Buildings
Life Cycle Assessment Approach
LCA of Energy Supply
                                Even source
                               energy doesn’t
           ...
Users only fill   Instant answers
in yellow cells
GHG Policy – Kyoto & Canada

•   The Kyoto Protocol - 5.2% below 1990 by 2012

•   Canada Federal
     •   Cap & Trade for...
GHG Policy - United States


• US draft cap-and-trade bill to reduce emissions 80% below
  2005 levels by 2050
• All new f...
Buildings & Climate Change
Direct Initiatives

 • World Bank – Community Development Fund
 • UN – Sustainable Buildings & ...
N.American
Cap & Trade
Systems
Private Initiatives – Voluntary Carbon
Market
Carbon & $$$

• The worldwide carbon market >US$30 billion
• N.American voluntary market = $700 M/yr (2008)
• In the US, $...
Buildings & Climate Change
Non-profit Initiatives


 • USGBC - LCA into LEED 2009
 • Architecture 2030 – 2030 Challenge
 •...
Canada Green building Council
“Turning the Corner” - Canada's Offset
System for Greenhouse Gases


• Offset projects must be:
   •   Real
   •   Increme...
Counting Carbon:
Understanding Carbon Footprints
of Buildings
 •   Four steps that are required to
     generate offset cr...
CaGBC & Canada Offset
System for Greenhouse Gases

• generate revenue to support green building and EE
  programs;
• provi...
Barriers to Involvement of Buildings in the
Carbon Markets


• Offset projects must be:
   •   Real
   •   Incremental
   ...
Involvement of Buildings in the Carbon
Markets


• Other mechanisms for Involvement of Buildings in the Carbon
  Markets
 ...
Industry drivers
 what do we need?

•   Policy & Incentives
•   Investments
•   Funding mechanisms (offsets, bond measures...
Thank You
Buildings and-carbon nov2008
Buildings and-carbon nov2008
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Buildings and-carbon nov2008

  1. 1. Buildings in a Carbon-Constrained World Nov 26th Sustainable Buildings Canada
  2. 2. Buildings in a carbon- constrained economy • The impact of building developments on climate change • Emerging trends • Government initiatives • Private initiatives • Carbon markets and their relationship to buildings • Gap analysis – what’s needed?
  3. 3. The Perfect Storm… Climate Change Acid rain damage Air pollution Resource Water pollution depletion
  4. 4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Pie
  5. 5. Scope of Impact from Buildings
  6. 6. Life Cycle Assessment Approach
  7. 7. LCA of Energy Supply Even source energy doesn’t get it all End use energy estimates just one part of the story The rest of the story is the energy to make and move energy — called pre- combustion in LCA
  8. 8. Users only fill Instant answers in yellow cells
  9. 9. GHG Policy – Kyoto & Canada • The Kyoto Protocol - 5.2% below 1990 by 2012 • Canada Federal • Cap & Trade for large final emitters by January 1, 2010 (based on carbon intensity reductions) • Target of 20% below 2006 levels by 2020 • Harper proposal (Oct 08) for a cap-and-trade system with Mexico and the US to take effect in 2015 • BC Gov’t • 33 % emissions reduction below 2007 levels by 2020 • 80% by 2050 • Carbon neutrality for it own operations by 2010 • Ontario Gov’t • 6% below 1990 levels by 2014 • 15% by 2020 • 80% by 2050 • Manitoba – 23% below 1990 levels by 2012
  10. 10. GHG Policy - United States • US draft cap-and-trade bill to reduce emissions 80% below 2005 levels by 2050 • All new federal buildings: • carbon-neutral by 2025 • 40% improvement in efficiency within five years (2013) • 25% improvement in the efficiency of existing buildings by 2013 • All new buildings • Same as federal but deadline extended 5 years to 2018 • California – reach 1990 levels by 2020 • U.S. Supreme Court can now regulate greenhouse gases as pollutants
  11. 11. Buildings & Climate Change Direct Initiatives • World Bank – Community Development Fund • UN – Sustainable Buildings & Construction Initiative • EU Directive 2002/91/EC – Energy Performance of Buildings • Climate Trust (US) • Philanthropic organizations (US) Business Sector • Origin Energy’s ‘Carbon Reduction Scheme’
  12. 12. N.American Cap & Trade Systems
  13. 13. Private Initiatives – Voluntary Carbon Market
  14. 14. Carbon & $$$ • The worldwide carbon market >US$30 billion • N.American voluntary market = $700 M/yr (2008) • In the US, $11.8 billion was invested in 58 separate carbon funds as of March 2007. • California State carbon offsets $400 M/yr • BC Gov’t carbon offsets $20 M/yr • Voluntary carbon credit prices have continued an upward trend with 26% increases in 2008 over 2007 and 60% over 2006 prices.
  15. 15. Buildings & Climate Change Non-profit Initiatives • USGBC - LCA into LEED 2009 • Architecture 2030 – 2030 Challenge • PEW Centre – Meeting GHG targets through buildings • CaGBC • “Towards A Buildings-Centric Climate Change Strategy”
  16. 16. Canada Green building Council
  17. 17. “Turning the Corner” - Canada's Offset System for Greenhouse Gases • Offset projects must be: • Real • Incremental • Quantified • Verified • Unique • Environment Canada certifies the reductions and issues offset credits.
  18. 18. Counting Carbon: Understanding Carbon Footprints of Buildings • Four steps that are required to generate offset credits: 1. Creation of a quantification protocol for the project type; 2. Registration of the project; 3. Reporting and verification of reductions from a registered project; 4. Certification of reductions and issuance of offset credits.
  19. 19. CaGBC & Canada Offset System for Greenhouse Gases • generate revenue to support green building and EE programs; • provide a system for the real estate industry to off- set and trade carbon credits as part of CaGBC’s LEED Canada Initiative or Green Building Performance System; • measure progress towards national and international climate change targets;
  20. 20. Barriers to Involvement of Buildings in the Carbon Markets • Offset projects must be: • Real • Incremental • Quantified • Verified • Unique • Cost-effective
  21. 21. Involvement of Buildings in the Carbon Markets • Other mechanisms for Involvement of Buildings in the Carbon Markets • Fund set up by energy providers • Bond mechanisms • “Minnesota Flip”
  22. 22. Industry drivers what do we need? • Policy & Incentives • Investments • Funding mechanisms (offsets, bond measures) • Demand Side Management (DSM) • Clean-energy revolution • Renewable Energy • New Technologies
  23. 23. Thank You

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