Barry sampson thomas l-wells-gbf2007


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Barry sampson thomas l-wells-gbf2007

  1. 1. INVESTING IN THE FUTURE: green schools Making a High Performance School: Thomas L. Wells PS architects Baird Sampson Neuert
  2. 2. Baird Sampson Neuert Architects Baird Sampson Neuert is committed to excellence in design of the built environment. The firm is an innovator in the field of cultural and educational facilities planning and design. Its long standing interest in human society and the design of public spaces and institutions has led to a corollary commitment to the integration of buildings with their environments. Both the built and planning work consistently demonstrate dedication to the enrichment of public life and culture through all scales of design. As result the firm has received many design awards and recognition in international publications and exhibitions for an unusually wide array of projects.
  3. 3. At BSN we have learned Green Design is good process: • “whole building design” produces better buildings and innovation • integration of built form and landscape produces engaging terrains for users and better cities • applying first principles of bioclimatic design creates new possibilities of performance and form • modeling outcomes tests creativity and assumptions (design research) • verifying results creates a positive feedback loop for good design • defining new problems transcends „a priori forms‟ and re-energizes the “modernist project”
  4. 4. Kiessler + Partner, Science Park, Gelsenkirchen, Germany Europeans are using it to drive urban renewal and architectural innovation? Mont Cenis Academy of Continuing Education, Herne, Germany
  5. 5. Forward looking American architects are using it to transform schools Sidwell Friends School, Washington, DC Kieran Timberlake Associates
  6. 6. Whole building design: NPC Butterfly Conservatory – a system of systems
  7. 7. Bioclimatic Design: fully integrating passive and active systems with thermal mass
  8. 8. Integrating built form and landscape: Roy Ivor Hall, UofT Mississauga
  9. 9. Responding to natural systems: sinks and sources Erindale Hall, UTM
  10. 10. Building with the natural landscape
  11. 11. Enjoying the dynamics of natural systems
  12. 12. Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Governor General Medal in Architecture 2006 Erindale Hall, University of Toronto at Mississauga Two Awards of Excellence As a result we are establishing a record of Local, National and International Achievement
  13. 13. Create an environment conducive to student achievement that supports effective teaching and stimulates enjoyment of learning
  14. 14. RAISING EXPECTATIONS: a high performance environment for learning Nelson Mandela PS: TDSB’s oldest school Dublin Height Elementary & Middle PS % School Energy Use Distribution 11.0 % 7.0 % 30.0 % Hot Water 12.0 % Miscellaneous Cooling daylighting and durability are key to long term performance Heating 40.0 % Lighting Source: Heating, Cooling, Lighting – Design Methods for Architects, 2001.
  15. 15. LEADING THE WAY TO INNOVATION: programme initiatives and precedents a growing international concern with high performance schools and buildings
  16. 16. PURSUING HIGH PERFORMANCE DESIGN: using LEEDTM and other environmental performance standards as design tools
  17. 17. All Energy Sustainable Issues Issues technological innovation offers expanding opportunities for renewable energy sources
  18. 18. sometimes the simplest technology is the most accessible due to cost
  19. 19. ADDRESSING THE WHOLE ENVIRONMENT: Thomas L. Wells pursues a high quality community environment and energy efficient design Diagram Source: Heating, Cooling, Lighting – Design Methods for Architects, 2001.
  20. 20. UNDERSTANDING BUILDING AS LEGACY: it focuses on durability and sustainability to minimize long term institutional and environmental costs Annual Operating & Maintenance Cost has doubled Operating & Maintenance Initial Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 10 Year 20 Year 50
  21. 21. RECONCEPTUALIZING THE PROBLEM: Thomas L. Wells : like the human body the building is a system of systems Diagram Source: Heating, Cooling, Lighting – Design Methods for Architects, 2001.
  22. 22. RECONSIDERING NORMS: the school design has been modeled from first principles
  23. 23. UNDERTAKING PROJECT-SPECIFIC DESIGN RESEARCH: advancing green design effectiveness Diagram Source: The Skydome and Three Sun Paths from Architectural Graphics Standards Wall section with lightshelves: Thomas L. Diagram Source: An East Elevation of the Wells PS Skydome from Solar Dwelling Design Concepts
  24. 24. UNDERSTANDING PRIORITIES: Daylighting improves student performance and the environment
  25. 25. Provide a safe supportive context for engagement of students with the school community, its local community and civil society
  26. 26. CREATING OPPORTUNITIES FOR CIVIL SOCIETY: Planning Option A Thomas L. Wells: various options were tested to achieve orientation/urban design objectives
  27. 27. A gracious entry porch for meeting and waiting that doubles as a sun shade
  28. 28. Inviting entry and facilitating ease of orientation
  29. 29. Projecting the school to the community
  30. 30. Take advantage of natural resources to improve building performance such as harvesting daylight, rainwater, and solar energy
  31. 31. PLANNING IN RESPONSE TO ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: Thomas L. Wells: fingers of classrooms face south
  32. 32. Site Features permeable paving stormwater retention areas bioswales native plant species no irrigation system minimal maintenance light pollution control sheltered/shaded play areas security/access Thomas L. Wells: integrating green design measures from building to site
  33. 33. Winter Thomas L. Wells: testing design development of a classroom façade to promote effective daylighting & passive solar heating Summer
  34. 34. Thomas L. Wells: sculpted classrooms responsive to the sun and children’s imaginations
  35. 35. Integrate the design of all building systems to maximize operational efficiency and minimize energy consumption
  36. 36. CREATING AN ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO HIGH PERFROMANCE: a Thomas L. Wells Public School air ventilation system and clean materials to assure the highest displacement environmental quality
  37. 37. Advance the practical application of Green Technologies and best building practices through the process of school design and construction
  38. 38. LEARNING FROM GREENHOUSE TECHNOLOGIES: Thomas L. Wells: development of gym monitor skylight design for daylighting and effective natural ventilation Section through art room Using Natural Stack Effect for Free Cooling Daylighting model High and Low Opening Vent System: Niagara Parks Commission Butterfly Conservatory Computer model of multipurpose room/ gymnasium
  39. 39. Thomas L. Wells: use of high and low operable windows for natural ventilation and trees to augment glass frit for shading
  40. 40. BUILDING VISION INTO REALITY: modeling to construction
  41. 41. A special place for learning
  42. 42. A place for learning resources
  43. 43. CHANGING THE BUILDING PROCESS: embedding sustainability goals in contract documents Thomas L. Wells: green requirements must flow through all the documents
  44. 44. Thomas L. Wells: including the building process
  45. 45. Thomas L. Wells: it involved hundreds of subtrades, thousands of people directly or peripherally, tens of thousands of procedures and millions of parts
  46. 46. UNDERSTANDING THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY CONTEXT: addressing current challenges in the GTA Thomas L. Wells: green design is integrated and performance based – the school building industry is fragmented and price based
  47. 47. green design is a process where the end is achieved by the beginning
  48. 48. CONCLUSION: Thomas L. Wells is a moment in time on the road to sustainable high performance schools