Avacos solar dec2009

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Sustainable Buildings Canada Breakfast Series

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Avacos solar dec2009

  1. 1. Clean Sustainable Energy. For Our Next Generation and Beyond...
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Section I: Introduction to AVACOS Solar Section II: Introduction to Solar Technology: An Overview Section III: Solar Potential in Design Section IV: Financial Analysis Section V: New Technology in Roof Top Efficiency
  3. 3. Project Objective The objective of this presentation is to demonstrate the economical benefits associated to the environmental investment of Going Solar.
  4. 4. Project Benefits  Generate Revenue by Selling Power Back to the electrical grid.  Create Power Independence by Producing Your Own Electricity.  Become a Power Provider. Manage and Control Future Electricity Costs.  Realize Profit From a New “Rooftop Square Footage” Income Model.
  5. 5. Introduction to AVACOS Solar  Independently-owned Business  Incorporate a Client-based Business Approach  Based in Ontario and Operates Internationally  Strategic Relationships with International Manufactures  Reputable Synergies with Professional Installers  Credible Relationships with Debt and Equity Partners  Offers an Extensive Array of Services
  6. 6. About AVACOS Solar AVACOS RE Group is a leading Renewable Energy developer in Canada. We possess proven expertise in designing, building, and managing small and large-scale Renewable Energy power projects in Ontario, primarily solar photovoltaic. Our customers become leaders in green energy production by use of our innovative technologies and solutions. With successful solar projects in operation, AVACOS Solar (our PV division) is on the cutting edge of green technologies. We are constantly looking for newer and improved technologies to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of our products, and to provide our customers with better service.
  7. 7. AVACOS Solar Corporate Profile AVACOS Solar is a one-hundred percent Canadian owned company founded in 2007, offering complete renewable energy power solutions. AVACOS Solar specializes in developing client-based, grid-connected, commercial solar power generation facilities. Our mission is to meet the growing demand for renewable energy by offering our customers viable energy solutions. We seek synergies that stimulate emerging renewable energy technology partnerships to empower our customers. Our goal is to be internationally recognized as an industry leader in bringing alternative energy solutions to market.
  8. 8. • From Concept to Completion Power System Services: Feasibility Studies Financial & Customer Proposal Presentations Technology & Project Assessments Applications & Approvals System Design & Engineering Product Documentations and Certifications Power System Connection Impact Assessments (CIA's) Installation, Commissioning, Quality Control and Supervision Facility Monitoring & Power System Maintenance
  9. 9. Introduction to Solar Technology Photovoltaic Electricity is a process whereby sunlight is converted directly into direct current (DC) electricity in a solar cell that is typically based on Silicon. Solar cells are manufactured into solar modules, which are then constructed into arrays. Solar arrays feed direct current electricity to an inverter that connects the array to the utility grid via the building’s electrical system. Solar arrays are commonly located on building rooftops and they are ideal for integration into building designs, where multiple benefits may be attained through solar Photovoltaic deployment, such as integration with day lighting strategies. Solar Energy is the most reliable electricity source available and the Operations & Maintenance costs are negligible as compared with all other electrical generation systems.
  10. 10. Life Expectancy Service life estimate of photovoltaic arrays is generally taken to be 30 years, although they will continue to operate well beyond. Outright failure is rare, even at extreme age; it is the degradation of power generation that renders the products less usable over time. Annual output reduction is in the order of 0.5 to 0.75%. The Photovoltaic modules generally carry warranties of 25 years and the power inverters are generally warranted at 10 years, with available warranty extensions that can be purchased at time of system order. Since there are no moving parts, solar Photovoltaic systems are not subject to wear and tear as would be typically associated with other types of generation systems. photovoltaic modules can be recycled at the end of their useful life.
  11. 11. Photovoltaic Electricity Overview Photovoltaic modules employ layers of micro-fine crystalline silicon to convert ordinary sunlight into small electrical charges. To explain the photovoltaic solar panel more simply, photons from sunlight knock electrons into a higher state of energy, creating electricity. The term photovoltaic refers a photodiode in which current through the device is generated by light energy. Virtually all photovoltaic devices are some type of photodiode. Solar cells produce direct current electricity from light, which can be used to power equipment or distribute to the electrical grid. Solar photovoltaic power systems are categorized into three types.  Autonomous Power Systems - non-electrified areas  Hybrid Power Systems - wind, solar, hydro, etc. Grid-Connected Power Systems – Static / Adjustable Ground/Rooftop Mounted Arrays – Single-Axis Horizontal Tracking Arrays – Dual-Axis Tracking Arrays
  12. 12. Photovoltaic Efficiency Photovoltaic systems operate by collecting daylight, both direct sunlight and diffuse daylight, and across a broad light spectrum. For our purposes, regarding deployment on this property, efficiency is probably best considered as being the power able to be generated (in rated peak kilowatts) in a given amount of space. Operationally, the electrical energy yield of Photovoltaic will vary depending on numerous factors including ambient and solar cell temperature, tilt angle, ventilation and shading from obstructions, etc. Careful project design is imperative in order to attain optimum operational efficiency.
  13. 13. Benefits of Solar Photovoltaic Energy Solar Systems offer many advantages:  Clean, efficient, safe, and sustainable  Highly reliable and operate cost-effectively  Require little maintenance, when compared to other generation sources  They are flexible and can be expanded at any time  Requires little lead time, solar facilities can be up and operational in under a year  No additional fuel cost  Operating expectancy of 25 to 30 years
  14. 14. Environmental Benefits Photovoltaic systems can significantly reduce the carbon footprint of businesses and cities. Greenhouse gas emissions reductions can be calculated as greater than the offset created merely by the generation of electricity. 1kW of electricity represents approximately 250 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system, depending on the final nameplate rating chosen. For example, a proposed photovoltaic project size stated at 250 kilowatt peak will provide for approximately 62,500 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system, depending on the final nameplate rating chosen.
  15. 15. Energy Payback Typical silicon solar Photovoltaic modules will achieve an energy break-even in 3-4 years. The total embodied energy in the product from its manufacture will be returned about 10 times over its operational life. An important goal in the design of a photovoltaic project is to optimize the ancillary systems required to mount the solar modules to the building so as to maintain the greatest net energy return. The energy payback time for a well-designed Photovoltaic system today can be in the range of 6 to 9 years.
  16. 16. PV Design Applications
  17. 17. Rooftop System
  18. 18. Solar Walkway
  19. 19. Solar Carport
  20. 20. Solar Canopies and Structures
  21. 21. Static Mounted Solar Arrays
  22. 22. Static Mounted Solar Arrays (Con’t)
  23. 23. Single-Axis Horizontal Tracking Solar Arrays
  24. 24. Dual-Axis Tracking Solar Arrays
  25. 25. Dual-Axis Tracking Solar Arrays (Con’t)
  26. 26. Ontario Power Authority (OPA) (FIT) Feed In Tarrif Program Ontario was the first jurisdiction in North America to adopt a European styled program to stimulate investment in photovoltaic installations and other renewable generation technologies including wind. This program provides for the signing of a 20 year contract with the Government of Ontario, whereby the contract guarantees a fixed amount payable per kilowatt-hour generated from the renewable energy project. Controlled and paid by the Ontario Power Authority. With the advent of the program, the economics of a commercial photovoltaic system purchase in Ontario have been improved by a factor of four. Proposed OPA’s FIT rates for Photovoltaic Electricity production ≤ 10kW @ 80.2 cents /kWh 10 - 250kW @ 71.3 250 - 500kW @ 63.5 ≥ 500 kW @ 53.9 Ground mounted field applications ≤ 10MW @ 44.3 cents per kWh
  27. 27. Project Payback While photovoltaic systems have a significant capital cost, they offer negligible operating costs as well as potential savings in building or brown field costs depending on how they are deployed. It is important to understand that, as compared to buying electricity from traditional sources, the capital cost of a photovoltaic system inherently includes 30 years of electricity cost savings. Return On Investment with large commercial photovoltaic installations is nearing the 6-9 year timeframe, taking into account available Federal and Provincial programs and incentives. Paybacks can be improved further by designing the photovoltaic system to optimize client’s financial goals and to facilitate either building or brown field integration of such power systems.
  28. 28. Financial Analysis
  29. 29. 10 kW Roof-mount system RESOP F.I.T rate 80.2 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $9.98 $99,800.00 16191.00 $12,985.18 7.69 13.01% A 10 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 2500 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the10 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $259,703.64 20 kW Roof-mount system RESOP F.I.T rate 71.3 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $9.62 $192,400.00 32382.00 $23,088.37 8.33 12.00% A 20 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 5000 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the 20 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $461,767.32
  30. 30. 30 kW Roof-mount system RESOP F.I.T rate 71.3 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $9.58 $287,400.00 48573.00 $34,632.55 8.30 12.05% A 30 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 7500 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the 30 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $692,650.98 50 kW Roof-mount system RESOP F.I.T rate 71.3 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $9.24 $462,166.53 80958.00 $57,723.05 8.01 12.49% A 50 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 12,500 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the 50 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $1,154,461.08
  31. 31. 100 kW Roofmount system RESOP F.I.T rate 71.3 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $8.59 $859,094.26 148761.00 $106,066.59 8.10 12.35% A 100 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 25,000 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the 100 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $2,121,331.86 250 kW Roofmount system RESOP F.I.T rate 63.5 cents / kWh (20 yr. Contract with OPA) Cost / Watt total system Est. Annual Est. Annual Est. Payback Investment cost (kWh) Generation Revenue Term (yrs) ROI Rate of Return IRR $8.34 $2,084,900.51 402500.00 $255,587.50 8.16 12.26% A 100 kilowatt hour system will provide for approximately 25,000 tonnes of CO2 offset over the life of the system Total inclome based on the 250 kW / OPA 20 year contract: $5,111,750.00
  32. 32. Federal Capital Cost Allowance Acceleration The Federal Capital Cost Allowance Acceleration (CCA) The tax act includes Class 43.2, Schedule II that allows photovoltaic generating assets to be written off at an accelerate rate of 50% per annum (declining balance calculation method), thereby serving to speed the time to photovoltaic project breakeven.
  33. 33. New Technology in Roof Top Efficiency
  34. 34. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DuROCK TIO-COAT is a bright white, polyurethane modified acrylic elastomeric coating. It is developed for use over existing asphaltic roof coatings in residential, commercial and industrial applications. DuROCK TIO-COAT forms a protective barrier that expands and contracts with varying temperatures. DuROCK TIO-COAT forms a weather resistant membrane that reflects the sun’s heat which reduces the interior temperature of buildings. The dirt pick-up resistance technology of the acrylic polymer enhances the reflective properties of the membrane. DuROCK TIO-COAT is an easy to apply roof coating that offers years of durable protection.
  35. 35. BENEFITS OF ELASTOMERIC ROOF COATINGS There are many benefits to using DuROCK TIO-COAT Elastomeric Roof Coating. The product applies to a smooth, clean and uniform appearance. It protects the roofing from UV degradation but most importantly it has high reflectivity for energy savings. DuROCK TIO-COAT also has high adhesion to existing asphaltic roof coatings.
  36. 36. APPLICATION Before application ensure surface is clean and free of debris, dirt, mildew, chalk and degraded roofing membrane. The surface must be dry and free of all moisture. It is not recommended to thin product. Do not apply when temperatures are below 7ºC (45ºF). Do not apply when coating will be subjected to rain or heavy dew before it has had enough time to dry. Temperature and humidity conditions will affect drying time. DuROCK TiOCoat Elastomeric Roof Coating can be applied by brush, roller or spray gun (confirm sprayer gun and tip size with DuROCK representative). Apply coating uniformly ensuring entire surface is coated. Wait 12 hours before applying second coat. DuROCK TiOCoat Elastomeric Roof Coating is available in 19L (5 gallon) pails. The weight per pail is 24kg (53lb) covering approximately 350ft2 at a dry film thickness of 10 mil. For the complete specification please consult your DuROCK representative.
  37. 37. More Information www.powerauthority.on.ca www.energy.gov.on.ca
  38. 38. Contact Us Sandro Costa Steven Costa AVACOS Solar Energy AVACOS Solar Energy sandro.costa@AVACOS.ca steve.costa@AVACOS.ca Direct (416) 302 5931 Direct (416) 567 2502 www.AVACOS.ca 21 John Frank Road, Vaughan, ON, Canada L4L 0A5

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