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BRE UK - GBF2010



Nick Hayes of BRE in the UK presents at the 2010 Green Building Festival in Toronto

Nick Hayes of BRE in the UK presents at the 2010 Green Building Festival in Toronto



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  • Certification scheme – UKAS and ISO9001. Receive a certificate once scheme been quality assured by BRE. Not mandatory unless specifically asked for by government bodies. DCSF requires the following new build and refurbishment projects to achieve at least a ‘very good’ rating: primary school projects costing £500k or more secondary school projects costing £2m or more all projects involving remodelling or complete refurbishment of more than 10% of the total gross internal floor area of a school. Independent – assessed by trained and licensed assessors, we don’t carry out assessments. Focuses on a number of issues, not just energy. Customer focused – we receive feedback from people in the industry and assessors. Credits based system.
  • BREEAM is looking to improve the environmental performance of buildings in a number of areas, not just in energy performance, it also addresses the internal performance of the building in relation to the building occupants health and well being, this looks at daylight quality, ventilation etc. It is all very well having a building that performs efficiently in terms of environmental standards but we need to have buildings that also enable the occupants to be satisfied with their surroundings.
  • Going above and over Building Regulations
  • We have spoken at length about planning and planning requirements and the need for sustainability. BREEAM Communities wades into all of this with a ‘one stop shop’ approach. By combining legislative requirements and being responsive to local requirements and standards, BREEAM Communities provides developers and planners alike with a recognised tool and brand through which to certify their proposals, ensuring the industry knows what is going on!!! PLANNERS: you have a reliable tool! DEVELOPERS: you have a market that will expand, controlling costs (assessors) and a framework that over time will build knowledge to ensure sustainability is embedded in proposals, not tacked on (WHICH IS THE DIFFICULT WAY TO DO THINGS!!!!!!!!)
  • Not mandatory in international assessments yet
  • Mention European Parliament in Luxembourg or Tour Phare in La Defense
  • STAKEHOLDERS - Not just the internal stakeholders but external stakeholders – Local Planning Authority rep, EA, or other local interested parties GreenPrint Objectives – Steer the overall direction of the masterplan and ensure that important issues are not simply forgotten Benchmarks – Quantitative and Qualitative!!! Quantitative: % of reclaimed materials used on the development or the Density of urban centres Qualitative: Placemaking - creating sense of place through application of Urban Design Principles for example - ensuring that entrances act as gateways - landmarks on site to help orientate users, use of corner buildings and building lines to help orientate users PRIORITISE – resources are limited and therefore you need to prioritise where you focus these resources in regard to sustainability to ensure you maximise your positive impact
  • Climate Change - Ensures developments are appropriately adapted to the impacts of present and future climate change. Resources - Promotes the sustainable use of resources including water, materials and waste both in construction and operation. Transport - Ensures transport hierarchy issues are fully addressed and catered for within the development. Ecology - Ensures the ecological value of the site is conserved and enhanced. Business - Ensures that the development contributes to the sustainable economic vitality of the local area and region. Community - Ensures the development supports a vibrant, diverse and inclusive community which integrates with surrounding communities. Placemaking - Ensures the design process, layout structure and form provide a development that is appropriate to the local context. Buildings - Ensures that the design of individual buildings does not undermine the sustainability of the overall development.
  • GreenPrint approach very much complements the process set out by the CLG in the new Planning Performance Agreements (PPA). PPA effectively provides a framework of understanding between a Local Planning Authority and Developer, and includes at the scoping stage the need to create a vision for the development, as well as a set of objectives which should link to performance criteria. The GreenPrint process can deliver much of what is required under the PPA.
  • BENEFITS OF THE GREENPRINT Addresses sustainability issues at the very beginning of the process Adaptable to local priorities, policies and targets Takes account of a site’s strengths and weaknesses, and focuses on issues that a developer can influence Complements BREEAM and the Code for Sustainable Homes, and other recognised tools and standards (eg Secured by Design, Lifetime homes) Looks at “outcomes” rather than “outputs” – developer creativity is not stifled Provides an overall GreenPrint Score and Rating that gives confidence in the sustainability credentials of a masterplan
  • The scoring structure becomes more complex when mandatory standards are added into the equation but: These issues are measured broadly in the same way They are not scored as they are mandatory requirements

BRE UK - GBF2010 BRE UK - GBF2010 Presentation Transcript

  • Delivering Sustainability – The UK experience Nick Hayes 22nd September 2010
  • History of Improving Buildings and Structures
  • BRE Structure 2
  • Drivers for a Sustainable Approach Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Performance Certs Display Energy Certs Carbon Taxation Reduced Sickness Improved Productivity PUBLIC OPINION Media Environmental Lobbyist STAFF OPINION Recruitment and Retention Fight for Talent Reduced Maintenance Lower Utility Costs Oil price fluctuations Fuel security
  • Drivers for a Sustainable Approach
    • Governmental
      • Carbon targets, Energy Performance certificates
      • Code for Sustainable Homes
      • Grants and certification for renewables
      • Feed in Tariffs
      • Local policy – e.g. renewable energy
    • Corporate
      • Retailers, banks, automotive…
    • ‘ Flagship’
      • 2012 Olympics, sustainable games, materials, legacy….
    • Financial
      • The value of Green Buildings, Investment, Risk…
  • Building Assessment Schemes Globally BREEAM LEED GreenStar DGNB Casbee Aqua Interest
  • Units assessed to date BREEAM LEED Green Star Management Management Health & Wellbeing Indoor Environmental Quality Indoor Environment Quality Energy Energy & Atmosphere Energy Transport Transport Water Water Efficiency Water Materials Materials & Resources Materials Waste Land Use & Ecology Sustainable Sites Land Use & Ecology Pollution Emissions Innovation Innovation & Design Innovation 201,399 units 3,375 units 185 units
  • Types of projects that can be assessed?
    • Development types:
      • Domestic or
      • Mixed Use
    • Different development sizes:
      • Small (e.g. up to 10)
      • Medium (e.g. 10 to 500)
      • Large (e.g. 500 to 5000+)
    • Now - New Developments
      • Infill / Brownfield
      • Greenfield
      • Regeneration
  • But also…
    • BREEAM used as basis for other rating schemes :
      • Such as Green Globes (Canada), Green Star (Australia), HKBEAM (Hong Kong)
    • Individual high-profile projects internationally:
      • Such as European Parliament in Luxembourg
    • Support to others wishing to develop their own assessment methods:
      • Companies working / building internationally
      • Developments, regions, countries etc.
      • Emerging Green Building Councils
  • What is BREEAM?
    • Environmental Assessment Method
    • Certification scheme
    • Voluntary
    • Independent & credible
    • Holistic
    • Customer focused
    • Credits based
  • Aims
    • Improve environmental performance of buildings
    • Improve internal environment for occupants
  • Benefits of using BREEAM
    • Reduced environmental impacts
    • Improved functionality, flexibility and durability
    • Higher user satisfaction
    • Demonstrate improved performance (design & operation)
    • Improved letting / sales potential
  • Development history
    • 1990 : Launch of BREEAM Offices
    • 1991 : Launch of BREEAM Industrial
    • 1993 : Launch of version for retail superstores
    • 1998 : Launch of BREEAM 98
      • Major overhaul of the schemes (current layout, weightings etc)
    • 2002 – 2006 :
      • Annual update process
      • Development of Bespoke BREEAM process
      • Development of more schemes
  • Development history
    • 2008 :
      • Major update
      • Introduction of new schemes
      • International development
    • As a consequence:
      • More than 5,000 buildings registered for assessment in 2008 compared to 1600 in 2007 (300% increase)
      • 680 buildings certified in 2008 compared to 362 in 2007
      • 1200 individuals trained on the non domestic side compared to 761 in 2007.
      • 17,000  worldwide public downloads of the new BREEAM 2008 Guidance
  • BREEAM in the UK
    • All building types
      • Nationally recognised standard schemes for common building types
      • Bespoke BREEAM for others
    • All stages
      • Design
      • Construction
      • Operation
  • BREEAM in the UK
    • UK Government
      • Government departments
      • Social housing
      • Land owners
    • Planning Authorities
    • Development Agencies
    • Private Property Developers
  • BREEAM Family Bespoke Courts Code for Sustainable Homes Ecohomes EcohomesXB Prisons Multi-residential International Industrial Healthcare Offices Retail Education Communities
  • Setting the standard Environmental Standards Number of buildings Regulatory minimum Minimal BREEAM Aspirational BREEAM Excellent Outstanding Market Pull
  • BREEAM In-Use
    • BREEAM In-Use is a new scheme to help building owners and occupiers to improve the environmental performance and reduce running costs of existing buildings.
    • It consists of:
      • a standard
      • An easy-to-use assessment methodology
      • and a 3rd party certification process
    • Providing a clear and credible route map to improving sustainability
  • BREEAM Communities Standard
    • What is the BREEAM Communities Certification Standard?
    Sustainability Objectives Planning Policy Requirements BREEAM Communities Standard
  • Key features – BREEAM Communities
    • Eight categories of holistic sustainability
      • Environmental
      • Social
      • Economic
    • Applied at the site development level (planning stage of development control process)
    • 3 Stage Process
      • Registration of Assessment Framework
      • Outline Planning Stage Certification (Interim)
      • Detailed Planning Stage Certification (Final)
    • Regional Variations
    • Innovation credits
  • BREEAM Communities Assessment Stages
    • Registration of a Compliant Assessment Framework
      • By the developer to BRE Global
      • Mandatory to achieve certification against the BREEAM Communities standard
      • Created through the use of a compliant assessment methodology
    • Outline Planning Stage
      • To assess the master plan and developers early commitments for the proposed project
      • Results in interim certificate
    • Detailed Planning Stage
      • Ensures the detailed planning documentation on the developers commitments have been provided as specified in the OPS assessment
      • Results in final certificate
  • What does this all mean?
    • BREEAM Communities brings clarity to a confused market
    • Drawing upon the BREEAM suite of tools, offering third party assurance and the confidence in a schemes quality
    • Provides a benchmark
    • Delivery of local priorities (Focus, Clarify, Prioritise, Deliver)
  • The Categories Climate & Energy Resources Transport Ecology Business Community Place Shaping Buildings
  • What will it do for development projects within the built environment…?
    • Open and transparent framework for both developers and planners
    • Certainty and verification on development’s commitments
    • Assists in speeding up the planning process for developers
    • Assists in reducing costs associated with delivering sustainable communities
    • Stewardship for Sustainable Communities throughout the development process
  • Athletes Village – Stratford (London)
    • Sustainability Features
    • Building: Code Level 4 (Domestic) or BREEAM: Excellent (Non-Domestic)
    • FSC Timber Certification
    • Extensive new public transport and cycling networks
    • Over 10 hectares of public realm (open space)
    • Development Facts - Legacy
    • Site size – 2.5 square miles:
      • Commercial 365,000m2
      • Residential 80,000m2
    Legacy Masterplan 2020 looking East
  • BREEAM Communities - Summary
    • The sustainable development framework is an open and transparent structure, with a flexible and non-prescriptive approach to addressing key sustainability objectives and planning requirements
    • The process provides a simple, clear and consistent, yet flexible, assessment framework for developers to address the sustainable objectives and planning policy requirements of a development
    • BREEAM Communities certification assists in the review of planning submissions, reducing pressure on planning departments and helping approval decisions to be made faster, at lower costs and with greater confidence
  • International development of BREEAM
  • BREEAM International
    • Banner under which all BREEAM assessments outside the UK are undertaken
    • Includes
    • ‘ One off’ tailored assessments
    • Regional standard Schemes
    • Country specific schemes
  • ‘ One-off’ tailored assessments
    • Bespoke BREEAM International:
      • Buildings not covered by standard BREEAM schemes
    • BRE develop criteria specific to the building assessed
      • Criteria tailored for the building type and the local context/local conditions
      • Close cooperation with the design team
  • ‘ One-off’ tailored assessments
    • Buildings certified and under assessment in:
      • Luxembourg
      • Hungary
      • United States
      • Algiers
      • Dubai
      • France
      • Germany
      • Italy
      • Mauritius
      • Poland
      • Philippines
      • Qatar
      • Sweden
      • Turkey
  • Regional standard schemes
    • BREEAM Gulf
    • BREEAM Europe
      • Retail
      • Offices
      • Industrial
      • Toyota retail units
      • More to come…
    • Allows comparison of a portfolio of buildings across one region
  • A new model for BREEAM in Canada?
  • What is GreenPrint?
    • Methodology to assist design teams to maximise the potential for sustainable communities
    • Workshop led approach involving the whole stakeholder team
    • Sets out clear understandable sustainability objectives and benchmarks
    • Prioritises sustainability issues most important to a development
    • Independent appraisal of the final masterplan
    • Provides an overall GreenPrint Score and Rating
    • An approved route to BREEAM Communities certification
  • What does the GreenPrint cover?
  • A vision to maximise sustainability Assess site potential (site visit & information, plans and surveys) Facilitated stakeholder workshop to agree overarching GreenPrint objectives Facilitated stakeholder workshop to establish GreenPrint benchmarks and weightings Target GreenPrint Rating for the development agreed Masterplan development guided by the GreenPrint framework Independent assessment of final masterplan - GreenPrint Score and Rating awarded Draft GreenPrint framework developed GreenPrint framework finalised and issued
  • Example GreenPrint Objective
  • Example GreenPrint Objective
    • No grade <50%
      • Good 50% – 64%
      • Very Good 65% – 74%
      • Excellent 75% – 84%
      • Exemplar >84%
  • GreenPrint Case Studies
  • Sherford, East Hams
    • Urban extension outskirts of Plymouth city centre
    • Very high sustainability aspirations from both LPA and Red Tree LLP (developer)
    • up to 5,500 dwellings, and 80,000 plus square metres of business, commercial and retail space
    • Community facilities including, sports facilities, schools, health centre and a community park
    • two community wind turbines
  • Sherford – Highlights
    • Two 1.8MW wind turbines generate up to 41% development energy demand
    • 75% of buildings equipped with solar thermal systems and/or photovoltaic devices
    • 80% of the development roof area used for rainwater harvesting
    • Transport and movement strategy places the pedestrian and cyclist at the heart of the development with speed limits which are self-enforcing through street design
    • Set-up of the Sherford Community Trust to promote “more sustainable lifestyles”
    • 70 ha of new woodland as part of the 207 ha Community park
    • Provision of wildlife corridors through the town from the west to the east and north to the south
    • SUDS – swales, ponds, reedbeds
  • Sherford GreenPrint Score & Rating
    • Sherford masterplan achieved an overall score of 85%
    • “ Exemplar ” GreenPrint rating
  • Napier Park, Luton
    • 55 acre site – former Vauxhall plant
    • Mixed use development
    • Laing O’Rourke/Explore Investments
    • Up to 1,500 dwellings, office, industrial and retail space
    • Key focus on ecology and green space, sustainable transport links and site energy systems
    • “ The GreenPrint documentation prepared by the BRE has enabled Explore Investments to clearly articulate to the Design Team the sustainability aspirations of the Napier Park Project ”
    • George Graham, Explore Investments
  • Approach can be tailored to non-standard solutions
  • Benefits to the Masterplanning process
    • Addresses sustainability issues at the very beginning of the process
    • Adaptable to local priorities, policies and targets
    • Takes account of a site ’ s strengths and weaknesses, and focuses on issues that a developer can influence
    • Complements BREEAM and the Code for Sustainable Homes, and other recognised tools and standards (eg Secured by Design, Lifetime homes)
    • Looks at “ outcomes ” rather than “ outputs ” – developer creativity is not stifled
    • Provides an overall GreenPrint Score and Rating that gives confidence in the sustainability credentials of a masterplan
  • GreenPrint summary
    • BREEAM Communities provides certification of a development against and accreditted standard
    • GreenPrint provides a tailored route to delivering a sustainable community within the parameters of the site.
    • GreenPrint is an approved methodology to achieving BREEAM Communities certification
  • Demonstration - Innovation Parks
  • Setting Standards for Sustainability
    • Code for Sustainable Homes
    • Energy / CO 2
    • Potable water
    • Surface water runoff
    • Materials
    • Site waste / household waste
    • Pollution
    • Health and wellbeing
    • Management
    • Ecology
    • Energy
    • Potable Water Consumption
    • Waste
    • Materials
    • Water Surface Run-off
    • Pollution
    • Health & Wellbeing
    • Management
    Tradable Credits
    • Waste
    • Materials
    • Water Surface Run-off
    Mandatory Standards
    • Energy
    • Potable Water Consumption
    Environmental Weightings Issue Category Scores Overall Score Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6
  • Code Thresholds – Points Scores Level 1 36 Points (Mandatory + 33.3 Points)
    • Above Regulations
    • EcoHomes 2006 Pass
    • EST Good Practice
    Level 2 48 Points (Mandatory + 43.0 Points)
    • EcoHomes 2006 - Good
    Level 3 57 Points (Mandatory + 46.7 Points)
    • EcoHomes 2006 Very Good
    • EST Best Practice
    • Conventional Water fittings
    Level 4 68 Points (Mandatory + 54.1 Points)
    • Grey water/Rainwater
    • Passive House (approx)
    Level 5 84 Points (Mandatory + 60.1 Points)
    • Zero SAP
    • Significant Renewables
    Level 6 90 Points (Mandatory + 64.9 Points)
    • Zero Operational Carbon
    • Most Code Credits achieved
  • Hanson EcoHouse - Code 4
  • Barratt Green House - Code 6
  • Stewart Milne Sigma homes - Code 5
  • Osborne House - Eco homes Excellent
  • Kingspan Lighthouse - Code 6
  • EcoTech Organics House - Code 4
  • Renewable House - Code 4 Walls of Hempcrete
  • Cub House – Code level 5
  • The Princes Foundation Natural House
  • BRE Visitors Centre - Not CSH Rated
  • Healthcare Campus - Not CSH Rated
  • Landscaping
  • BRE Scotland Innovation Park Ravenscraig
  • BRE Innovation Park Ravenscraig - overview
    • Drivers for Scotland’s Innovation Park
    • Industry challenges
    • Identifying key themes
    • The Site
  • ‘ A Low Carbon Buildings Strategy for Scotland’ The Sullivan Report
    • Towards Zero Carbon Buildings
      • 2010, Low Carbon Buildings – Domestic 30% CO 2 improvement on 2007 standards; Non-Domestic less 50%
      • 2013, Very Low Carbon Buildings; 60% CO 2 improvement on 2007 standards; Non-Domestic less 75%
      • 2016/2017: Net Zero Carbon Buildings
    • Total life zero carbon buildings – 2030
      • Construction
      • Materials
      • In use
      • Maintenance
      • Demolition
  • Identifying key themes
    • Energy
    • Sustainability
    • Affordability
    • Community
  • The site
    • Ravenscraig steelworks – closed in 1992
    • 1125 acre site
    • UK’s largest regeneration project
  • Ravenscraig Development Vision
    • Ravenscraig will become home to over 10,000 people, and is expected to create 12,000 jobs and attract in excess of £1.2 billion of private sector investment over the next 15 to 20 years. A project of national significance, Ravenscraig will lead to the construction of:
    • • Around 3,500 new homes • A new town centre with 84,000 sq m of retail and leisure space. • Up to 216,000 sq m of business and industrial space • Major parkland areas
    • • A new transport network • New sports facility • A new college campus • Two New schools.
  • BRE Innovation Park
  • Innovation Park
  • Innovation Park - development
    • 6-9 plots and Technology Pavilion to be developed (LZC)
    • SUDs systems and integrated surface water management
    • Hard and soft landscaping
    • Porous paving and road surfaces
    • Street furniture and lighting
    • Park operating ‘off grid’
    • ‘ Vision of sustainable development’
    • Showcasing (not exclusively) Scottish products and innovation – 80 industry partners
  • Innovation Park Phasing Strategy
    • Enabling Phase Jan 2010 – April 2010
    • Build on site April 2010 – September 2010
    • Phase 1: Zero Carbon September 2010 – April 2013
    • Phase 2: Net Zero Carbon September 2013 – April 2016
    • Phase 3: Total Zero Carbon September 2016 – April 2019
  • Innovation parks – summary, opportunities…
    • Practical demonstration against legislative drivers
    • Stimulates innovation – products and approaches
    • Stimulates collaboration
    • Speeds up products to market
    • Test approaches and solutions
    • Opportunities for Canada?
      • Park
      • Products and services
      • Route to sustainable communities
  • Delivering Sustainability – The UK experience Nick Hayes 22nd September 2010