Spanish Influences In The Philippines Ito Na


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for my social studies class. sanvitores and grodecz

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Spanish Influences In The Philippines Ito Na

  2. 2. Studying History through PICTURES
  3. 3. Why Study History <ul><li>1 . History Helps Us Understand People and Societies </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. History Helps Us Understand Change and How the Society We Live in Came to Be
  5. 5. Identify these pictures…
  6. 6. Date this picture.
  7. 7. What is the occasion?
  8. 8. Place and activities?
  9. 9. What street is this? 1
  10. 10. What is the name of the street? 2
  11. 11. 3
  12. 12. 4
  13. 13. 5
  14. 14. 6
  15. 15. Answers Colon Street
  16. 16. What is the name of the street? 2 Jones Street
  17. 17. 3 Magallanes Street
  18. 18. 4 Parian
  19. 19. 5 Plaza Washington now Carbom Market
  20. 20. 6 Martires Street now MJ Cuenco
  21. 21. Colonial towscape <ul><li>Ordenanzas generales de descubrimiento y nueva poblacion. </li></ul><ul><li>King Philip II promulgated this law. </li></ul><ul><li>Near body of water, </li></ul><ul><li>Note to be taken on prevailing wind. </li></ul>
  22. 22. 3. An empty space for plaza mayor, church and public buildings.
  23. 23. 4. In Maritime communities, the church could not front the plaza major since this spot was for the town hall, the customs house and the arsenal.
  24. 24. Cebu Cathedral
  25. 25. 5. Geometric grid. In which lines are neatly parallel or perpendicular to each other and intersect at right angles
  26. 26. Map of Manila
  27. 27. Map of Colon
  28. 28. Government set-up <ul><li>The Spanish government was CENTRALIZED in nature NATIONAL in scope. </li></ul><ul><li>The seat of government is MANILA </li></ul><ul><li>The GOVERNOR GENERAL was the head of government. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Administering the colony from Spain <ul><li>1. The Governor had no power to make laws. Only the Crown could do so. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Colonial officials merely carried them out. </li></ul><ul><li>3. However, they could suspend the law and notify the king later. </li></ul>
  30. 30. King of Spain King Philip II
  31. 31. A la ley se acata, no se cumple (We respect the law, but do not carry it out) LEGAL PRINCIPLE
  32. 32. ROYAL COUNCIL OF THE INDIES <ul><li>The King’s advisory council for the colonies. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Governor General Carlos dela Torre <ul><li>Other Great Generals: </li></ul><ul><li>Miguel Lopez de Legazpi </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Basco </li></ul>
  34. 34. Governor General <ul><li>He enforced the law (Executive power) </li></ul><ul><li>Cumplase , the power to suspend any royal degree. </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Judge. Head of the Royal Audiencia (Supreme Court) </li></ul><ul><li>Religious power like the power to appoint parish priests. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Check and Balance <ul><li>ROYAL AUDIENCIA – to check the abuses of the colonial officials and render justice to the natives. </li></ul><ul><li>RESIDENCIA – Investigation done regarding the conduct of the outgoing general. </li></ul><ul><li>VISTA – The visitador was a special envoy of the king to the colonies to investigate conditions and reports his observations to the king. Has the power to punish officials. </li></ul>
  36. 36. PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT <ul><li>The provinces were called ALCADIAS and were each governed by ALCALDE MAYOR . </li></ul><ul><li>The political-military district is called CORREGIMIENTOS and governed by CORREGIDOR (places resistant to Spanish Rule) </li></ul>
  37. 37. ALCALDE MAYOR <ul><li>To enforce the law. </li></ul><ul><li>To collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Dispensed justice </li></ul><ul><li>Given the privilege of INDULTO DE COMERCIO . The privilege to engage in trade. </li></ul>
  38. 38. City Government <ul><li>These cities had an AYUTAMIENTO (City Government) and a CABILDO (City Council) </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivided by PUEBLOS (Towns) </li></ul><ul><li>The Town was governed by GOVERNADORCILLO </li></ul>
  39. 39. Cabeza de Baranggay <ul><li>His main duty is to collect taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>No salary but they occupied palces of honor in any town activity and were exempted from paying taxes. </li></ul>