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Spanish Influences In The Philippines  Ito Na
 

Spanish Influences In The Philippines Ito Na

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for my social studies class. sanvitores and grodecz

for my social studies class. sanvitores and grodecz

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    Spanish Influences In The Philippines  Ito Na Spanish Influences In The Philippines Ito Na Presentation Transcript

    • SPANISH INFLUENCES IN THE PHILIPPINES
    • Studying History through PICTURES
    • Why Study History
      • 1 . History Helps Us Understand People and Societies
    • 2. History Helps Us Understand Change and How the Society We Live in Came to Be
    • Identify these pictures…
    • Date this picture.
    • What is the occasion?
    • Place and activities?
    • What street is this? 1
    • What is the name of the street? 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • Answers Colon Street
    • What is the name of the street? 2 Jones Street
    • 3 Magallanes Street
    • 4 Parian
    • 5 Plaza Washington now Carbom Market
    • 6 Martires Street now MJ Cuenco
    • Colonial towscape
      • Ordenanzas generales de descubrimiento y nueva poblacion.
      • King Philip II promulgated this law.
      • Near body of water,
      • Note to be taken on prevailing wind.
    • 3. An empty space for plaza mayor, church and public buildings.
    • 4. In Maritime communities, the church could not front the plaza major since this spot was for the town hall, the customs house and the arsenal.
    • Cebu Cathedral
    • 5. Geometric grid. In which lines are neatly parallel or perpendicular to each other and intersect at right angles
    • Map of Manila
    • Map of Colon
    • Government set-up
      • The Spanish government was CENTRALIZED in nature NATIONAL in scope.
      • The seat of government is MANILA
      • The GOVERNOR GENERAL was the head of government.
    • Administering the colony from Spain
      • 1. The Governor had no power to make laws. Only the Crown could do so.
      • 2. Colonial officials merely carried them out.
      • 3. However, they could suspend the law and notify the king later.
    • King of Spain King Philip II
    • A la ley se acata, no se cumple (We respect the law, but do not carry it out) LEGAL PRINCIPLE
    • ROYAL COUNCIL OF THE INDIES
      • The King’s advisory council for the colonies.
    • Governor General Carlos dela Torre
      • Other Great Generals:
      • Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
      • Jose Basco
    • Governor General
      • He enforced the law (Executive power)
      • Cumplase , the power to suspend any royal degree.
      • Chief Judge. Head of the Royal Audiencia (Supreme Court)
      • Religious power like the power to appoint parish priests.
    • Check and Balance
      • ROYAL AUDIENCIA – to check the abuses of the colonial officials and render justice to the natives.
      • RESIDENCIA – Investigation done regarding the conduct of the outgoing general.
      • VISTA – The visitador was a special envoy of the king to the colonies to investigate conditions and reports his observations to the king. Has the power to punish officials.
    • PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT
      • The provinces were called ALCADIAS and were each governed by ALCALDE MAYOR .
      • The political-military district is called CORREGIMIENTOS and governed by CORREGIDOR (places resistant to Spanish Rule)
    • ALCALDE MAYOR
      • To enforce the law.
      • To collect taxes
      • Dispensed justice
      • Given the privilege of INDULTO DE COMERCIO . The privilege to engage in trade.
    • City Government
      • These cities had an AYUTAMIENTO (City Government) and a CABILDO (City Council)
      • Subdivided by PUEBLOS (Towns)
      • The Town was governed by GOVERNADORCILLO
    • Cabeza de Baranggay
      • His main duty is to collect taxes.
      • No salary but they occupied palces of honor in any town activity and were exempted from paying taxes.