Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behavior of large numbers of people.
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What brought about the patriotism?
Liberal rule of Governor Carlo del a Torre : Free speech and press and gave just wages for the politstas.
Execution of Gomburza
AIM OF THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT They called for the assimilation of the Philippines as a province of Spain so that the same laws will be applied in the Philippines and that the inhabitants of the Philippines will experience the same civil liberties and rights as that of a Spanish citizen.
1. It advocated the moderate aims of legal equality between Spaniards and Filipinos, 2. Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes (parliament), 3. free speech and association, secular public schools 4. and an end to the annual obligation of forced labour.
How? Through Writings
Graciano Lopez Jaena who left the Philippines for Spain in 1880 after publishing a satirical novel, Fray Botod (Father Fatso)
In1889 he started the newspaper, La Solidaridad (Solidarity), that circulated both in Spain and the Philippines and was the medium of the Propaganda Movement.
Marcelo del Pilar , who was active in the anti-friar movement. He fled to Spain in 1888 and became editor of La Solidaridad .
Jose Rizal. His more popular works were his two novels Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) and El Filibusterismo (The Subversive) published in 1886 and 1891
The novels portrayed the authoritarian and abusive character of Spanish rule in the colony . Despite their ban, the books were smuggled into the Philippines and widely read.