1. Imperialism2. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke heir to Ferdinand of A Franz the throne of Austria-ustria, theby aYugoslav nationalist inHungary, BosniaSarajevo,
After World War 1 People thought thatIndia would seize the chance to ask for independence... India remained loyal ally of Great Britain
Diachy Parliament passed the Government of India Act Set up a double government India Britain Kept control overGained greater India’s foreign affairs self-rule in and policydomestic affairs and national security
Acts of Terror Grew Bengal and Other provincesConsequence: Rowlatt Act In March, 1999, Parliament passed this law that allowed judges to try suspected political agitators without a jury Double Standard
Amritsar Massacre April 10 crowd gathered in amritsar-Capital of Punjab Reason: To protest the Rowlatt ActThere were violence but peace was restored by the BritishBUT 3 days later, thousands gathered for religious festivalGeneral Dyer ordered his troops to fire on the crowd
General Dyer Hundreds of Hindus were trapped and killed. Parliament and the British citizens were horrified“He acted to make a wide impression and to discourage further riot.” He was forced to resign
Anamorphic illusion QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
Satyaghara “SOUL FORCE” Non-violent ResistancePrinciple: “Injustice was to be met with justice; violence with non-violence.”
Hartal - Illegal BoycottAll economic activity came to a halt and the day was dedicated to prayer and fasting. He called for a nationwide Hartal 1. boycott offices 2. refused to pay taxes 3. lay down across train tracks 4. Did not fight the police...
Destiny of India“The destiny of India has chosen for its ally the power of soul and not of the muscle.”
Gandhi’s MessageRiver of blood shedby the government can’t frighten me, but I should be deeply pained...if the people did so much abuse thegovernment for mysake or in my name
HOMESPUNWhat are these women doing? And Why?Britain outlawed LOOMING :Thus, over a hundred people starved to death!!
Civil Disobedience He encouraged Indians to bring back home/cottage industries such as spinning cotton rather than buy from the British.As a result:Great Britain was force to raise the tax on salt. and forbade Indians to process salt...
Salt March Gandhi and 70 of his followersbegan the 180-mile march to the sea on April, 1930. 15k Indians joined the march.
Salt March When he reached the ocean, Gandhi bent over and picked up a lump of natural salt in deliberate defiance of British Law.
Gandhi’s goals:1. Equality w/t BritishLater became Independence from the British2. Hindu-Muslim unity, thusNO division o/t country into India for Hindus and Pakistan for Muslims3. End to Untouchability