A n c i e n t Japan                                                        SJ                                      ho las ...
Yayoi Culture in Japan                     Han Dynasty in China      Early Ties with       C h i n a and Korea
Aborigines in Japan                               Man       Woman                                     Chief               ...
The Relationship between hereditary rule andancestral worship became an important part of a           native religion - Sh...
Simple religion based on                 worship of the forces of nature...               Kamispirits that are present in ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.D e s c e...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
AMATERASU          Goddess of the Sun         her grandson descended to earth               and brought 3 things.         ...
Yamato Clan - Descendants of Amaterasu                   593 Empress Suiko chose her                       nephew to rule ...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of HeavenRejected China’s Examination System      S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of Heaven       because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination Sy...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of Heaven        because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination S...
They rejected the idea of Mandate            of Heaven        because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination S...
Sent many missions to China, hoping tolearn about their laws and government...     Thousands of Japanese students went to ...
Fujiwara           7th Century    Opposition leaderTAIKA REFORM of 646 to model China’s political and economic institution...
Traditional Culture               remained             distinctively               JapaneseS E L E C T I V E Borrowing
710 - The capital was NARA794 The capital was moved to HEIAN (Kyoto)Novels replaced poetry as the most popular form of lit...
at the end of 11th Century the Heian Courts declined  LANDOWNDERS                             They can collect taxes      ...
MINAMOTO FAMILY1185 ADYORIMOTO     Established his government in Kamakura.           far from the influence of the imperial...
YORIMOTOThe emperor gave Yorimoto the title:    SHOGUN “Barbarian Subduing      General”             In theory, they ruled...
To gain the loyalty of the       landlords Yorimoto       appointed powerful    lords as protector of the            provi...
The lords estates were protected  by the   SAMURAI     “Those who serve”only them were allowed to wearthe two swords of th...
SAMURAIBUSHIDO“The way of the warrior”   Called for the life of discipline and duty            1 They need to control thei...
HONOR SAMURAI      If he was dishonored by capture or anact of disloyalty to his lord, he would not hesitate              ...
ZEN BUDDHISM     All people were mutual in the eyes of godthey need to meditate their problem for a long period    of time...
Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its                     own making            K a m a ...
Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its                     own making Why ?            K ...
Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its                     own making Why ?No longer was ...
Kamakura PeriodRejected Centralized government and ruled indirect       and decentralized rule of the shogunMilitary leade...
Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to        ...
Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to        ...
Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to        ...
Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded                China    Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan      G e n g h i s K h a...
Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded                China     Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fightin...
Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded                China     Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fightin...
Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded                China     Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fightin...
Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded                China     Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fightin...
Kamakura government that even an emperor tried               to seize power.           Ashikaga ShogunateDistinctThey rule...
Leader :   AshikagaRuled for 250 years               A s h i k a g a Shogunate
A s h i k a g a Shogunate
Problem:The Central Government had no      samurai to enforce         its authority.    Japan during this period was torn ...
Ashikaga ShogunateAristocrats                        Were overthrown by the local lordsDistinction disappeared          Ar...
hired   peasants - army. Who fought alongside with                     the samuraisImplication?        The prestige of the...
the need for audition   selected few will be accepted            P r e s t i g e Context
Who was supporting the Emperor                                  EmperorAshikaga Shogunate
Who was supporting the Emperor          Court Officials/Aristocrats                                  EmperorAshikaga Shogun...
Who was supporting the Emperor          Court Officials/Aristocrats                        who supported the emperor,      ...
Who was supporting the Emperor          Court Officials/Aristocrats                        who supported the emperor,      ...
Economic Growth                 Agriculture                 Trade                 Cottage Industry  C o n t r i b u t i o ...
Nothing is   Absolute
Centralized Feudalism                 TokugawaEarly Christian Coverts               Shogunate  St. Francis Xavier, SJ - La...
Hideyoshi        8 years after Nobunaga died, he        UNITED JAPAN             Ruled among the daimyos            Surrou...
Tokugawa ShogunateBrought back the class system              saling pusa                  Emperor                         ...
Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)        T o k u g a w a Shogunate
Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no deve...
Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no deve...
Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no deve...
The government at Tokyo was forced to agreeto the demands of the United States as theywere intimidated by the technologica...
Given that humiliating experience with theUNITED STATES, what do you think Japan             would do next            to r...
Meiji Restoration                          1889 Capital in Tokyo    a new constitutional monarchy was    established, head...
Imperial Diet            Assembly           the national legislature of Japan.was established on the basis of two houses w...
During this time zaibatsu       , large privately  owned corporations, began to form.                            Mitsubish...
Japan wanted to conquer China               Why?       1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
Japan wanted to conquer China               Why? Japanese imperialist policy aimed to dominate China to acquire its vast m...
Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support...
Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support...
Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support...
World   War 2
The United States entered the war in 1942after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces.In 1945, atomic bomb...
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  • Early and feudal japan updated

    1. 1. A n c i e n t Japan SJ ho las Pioquinto, Br. Jeffrey Nic Feuda l Japan HokkaidoEar ly and Honshu Shikoku Kyushu
    2. 2. Yayoi Culture in Japan Han Dynasty in China Early Ties with C h i n a and Korea
    3. 3. Aborigines in Japan Man Woman Chief Clan A i n u Uji
    4. 4. The Relationship between hereditary rule andancestral worship became an important part of a native religion - ShintoismS h i n t o “The Way of the gods”
    5. 5. Simple religion based on worship of the forces of nature... Kamispirits that are present in extraordinary people and things.Inspires a feeling of awe and wonder They worship waterfalls, sunset, rock formations S h i n t o i s m Religion
    6. 6. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    7. 7. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    8. 8. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    9. 9. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things.D e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    10. 10. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze MirrorD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    11. 11. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze Mirror Carved JewelD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    12. 12. AMATERASU Goddess of the Sun her grandson descended to earth and brought 3 things. Bronze Mirror Iron Sword Carved JewelD e s c e n d a n t s o f t h e SUN
    13. 13. Yamato Clan - Descendants of Amaterasu 593 Empress Suiko chose her nephew to rule as regent Prince Shotoku drafted the 17-Article Constitution Ended the hereditary clans Introduction of centralized government based on Confucian principles Adoption of Buddhism as state religion Y a m a t o Clan
    14. 14. They rejected the idea of Mandate of HeavenRejected China’s Examination System S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    15. 15. They rejected the idea of Mandate of Heaven because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination System S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    16. 16. They rejected the idea of Mandate of Heaven because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination System because it opposed to their aristocratic rule S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    17. 17. They rejected the idea of Mandate of Heaven because they can be overthrownRejected China’s Examination System because it opposed to their aristocratic rule Sons of nobles were admitted to university S e l e c t i v e Borrowing
    18. 18. Sent many missions to China, hoping tolearn about their laws and government... Thousands of Japanese students went to China to learn about their civilization P r i n c e Shotoku
    19. 19. Fujiwara 7th Century Opposition leaderTAIKA REFORM of 646 to model China’s political and economic institutions End large landowning established uniform tax system and measurement Assigned military governor Meant to copy the grandeur of TANG DYNASTY T a i k a Reform
    20. 20. Traditional Culture remained distinctively JapaneseS E L E C T I V E Borrowing
    21. 21. 710 - The capital was NARA794 The capital was moved to HEIAN (Kyoto)Novels replaced poetry as the most popular form of literature LADY MURASAKI SHIKIBU The first novel ever1000 AD (Japan) The Tale of Genji written The Classical age o f HEIAN JAPAN
    22. 22. at the end of 11th Century the Heian Courts declined LANDOWNDERS They can collect taxes Controlled productions- got wealthy Organized armies for protections P e r r e n i a l Problem
    23. 23. MINAMOTO FAMILY1185 ADYORIMOTO Established his government in Kamakura. far from the influence of the imperial court at Heian J a p a n e s e FEUDALISM
    24. 24. YORIMOTOThe emperor gave Yorimoto the title: SHOGUN “Barbarian Subduing General” In theory, they ruled in the name of the emperor but in practice, real authority rested with the shogun J a p a n e s e SHOGUNATE
    25. 25. To gain the loyalty of the landlords Yorimoto appointed powerful lords as protector of the provinces. Moving from Civil Goverment to Military DictatorshipJ a p a n e s e FEUDALISM
    26. 26. The lords estates were protected by the SAMURAI “Those who serve”only them were allowed to wearthe two swords of the warriorsSamurai inherited their position as warriorsHad the right to inherit land... Rise of the SAMURAI
    27. 27. SAMURAIBUSHIDO“The way of the warrior” Called for the life of discipline and duty 1 They need to control their emotions 2 Loyalty to the lords 3 Loyalty was based on personal and moral obligations rather than contract vassalage. European feudalism BUSHIDO
    28. 28. HONOR SAMURAI If he was dishonored by capture or anact of disloyalty to his lord, he would not hesitate to commit: SEPPUKU HARA-KIRI “Belly-slitting”thrusting a short knife into his abdomen then his friend would cut off his head to complete the act of honor S e p p u k u Hara-Kiri
    29. 29. ZEN BUDDHISM All people were mutual in the eyes of godthey need to meditate their problem for a long period of time until they suddenly reached SATORI enlightenment greater appeal on the samurai class for it emphasized discipline and authority New form of BUDDHISM
    30. 30. Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its own making K a m a k u r a Legacy
    31. 31. Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its own making Why ? K a m a k u r a Legacy
    32. 32. Kamakura PeriodJapan transformed itself into a culture very much of its own making Why ?No longer was Japan borrowing institutions and ideas from China K a m a k u r a Legacy
    33. 33. Kamakura PeriodRejected Centralized government and ruled indirect and decentralized rule of the shogunMilitary leader and not the gentry ruled the nation Position of the hereditary emperor endured but the power of the emperor, weak to begin with, became even weaker K a m a k u r a Legacy
    34. 34. Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to divide...hence, K a m a k u r a Legacy
    35. 35. Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to divide...hence, Samurai started to sell their services to lords K a m a k u r a Legacy
    36. 36. Kamakura Period Feudalism divided the lands among the samurais After few generations there was little land left to divide...hence, Samurai started to sell their services to lords This weakened central authority even further K a m a k u r a Legacy
    37. 37. Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded China Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan G e n g h i s K h a n Invasion
    38. 38. Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded China Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fighting, they were saved by natural disaster. G e n g h i s K h a n Invasion
    39. 39. Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded China Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fighting, they were saved by natural disaster. A typhoon from the Pacific swept the Mongol fleet with raging winds and tides G e n g h i s K h a n Invasion
    40. 40. Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded China Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fighting, they were saved by natural disaster. A typhoon from the Pacific swept the Mongol fleet with raging winds and tidesBelieving that they typhoon was a supernatural force, they started calling it a KAMIKAZI G e n g h i s K h a n Invasion
    41. 41. Genghis Khan - Mongol ruler who invaded China Sent 140,000 men to conquer Japan After 53 days of fighting, they were saved by natural disaster. A typhoon from the Pacific swept the Mongol fleet with raging winds and tidesBelieving that they typhoon was a supernatural force, they started calling it a KAMIKAZI “Divine Wind” G e n g h i s K h a n Invasion
    42. 42. Kamakura government that even an emperor tried to seize power. Ashikaga ShogunateDistinctThey ruled without the benefit of samurai retainers This period is a warfare period among the aristocrats No family was strong enough to stop the fighting... A s h i k a g a Shogunate
    43. 43. Leader : AshikagaRuled for 250 years A s h i k a g a Shogunate
    44. 44. A s h i k a g a Shogunate
    45. 45. Problem:The Central Government had no samurai to enforce its authority. Japan during this period was torn by violence and civil disorder Asikaga Shogunate
    46. 46. Ashikaga ShogunateAristocrats Were overthrown by the local lordsDistinction disappeared Aristocrats Local Lords DAIMYOhired peasants - army. Who fought alongside with the samurais Breakdown of class distinction
    47. 47. hired peasants - army. Who fought alongside with the samuraisImplication? The prestige of the samurai went down “As the common foot soldiers increased in importance, the prestige of the samurai class decreased.” T i t l e Text
    48. 48. the need for audition selected few will be accepted P r e s t i g e Context
    49. 49. Who was supporting the Emperor EmperorAshikaga Shogunate
    50. 50. Who was supporting the Emperor Court Officials/Aristocrats EmperorAshikaga Shogunate
    51. 51. Who was supporting the Emperor Court Officials/Aristocrats who supported the emperor, lost their estates to the daimyos EmperorAshikaga Shogunate
    52. 52. Who was supporting the Emperor Court Officials/Aristocrats who supported the emperor, lost their estates to the daimyos Impoverished emperor was reducedto selling examples of his calligraphy to people on the streets. EmperorAshikaga Shogunate
    53. 53. Economic Growth Agriculture Trade Cottage Industry C o n t r i b u t i o n Ashikaga Shogunate
    54. 54. Nothing is Absolute
    55. 55. Centralized Feudalism TokugawaEarly Christian Coverts Shogunate St. Francis Xavier, SJ - Landed in Kyushu 1549 Daimyo eager to trade with the Europeans - were converted to Christianity 1584-1582ODA NABUNAGA Eliminated the power of Buddhism Thought that Christian might help in unifying Japan T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    56. 56. Hideyoshi 8 years after Nobunaga died, he UNITED JAPAN Ruled among the daimyos Surrounded the daimyos those who were loyalto him Destroyed the military power of the Buddhist Monasteries Tokugawa Shogunate
    57. 57. Tokugawa ShogunateBrought back the class system saling pusa Emperor Shogun Daimyos Samurais Commoners Hideyoshi
    58. 58. Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo) T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    59. 59. Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no development whencompared to other nations in the rest of the worldduring the same period. T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    60. 60. Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no development whencompared to other nations in the rest of the worldduring the same period. T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    61. 61. Ruled in Edo (Present day Tokyo)Edo period was a time of stability for the Japanesepeople, but there was little or no development whencompared to other nations in the rest of the worldduring the same period. From 1852-1854, Commodore Matthew Perry negotiated a trade agreement between Japan and the United States. T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    62. 62. The government at Tokyo was forced to agreeto the demands of the United States as theywere intimidated by the technologicallyadvanced and heavily armed fleet of steamfrigates under the command of CommodorePerry. Black Ships symbolizes the threat imposed by western technology T o k u g a w a Shogunate
    63. 63. Given that humiliating experience with theUNITED STATES, what do you think Japan would do next to redeem itself ? M e i j i Restoration
    64. 64. Meiji Restoration 1889 Capital in Tokyo a new constitutional monarchy was established, headed by the Meiji Emperor. The power of the shoguns was broken.The constitution provided for new legislativebodies including the Imperial Diet, the House ofPeers, and an independent cabinet directlyunder the Emperor. E d o - Tokyo
    65. 65. Imperial Diet Assembly the national legislature of Japan.was established on the basis of two houses with coequalpowers. Kokkai (“National Assembly”) the House of PeersHouse of Representatives-Shugiin Meiji Restoration
    66. 66. During this time zaibatsu , large privately owned corporations, began to form. Mitsubishi ZaibatsuJapan became the first industrializedcountry in Asia. M e i j i Restoration
    67. 67. Japan wanted to conquer China Why? 1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
    68. 68. Japan wanted to conquer China Why? Japanese imperialist policy aimed to dominate China to acquire its vast material reserves and natural resources 1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
    69. 69. Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support to the Chinese who theythought would eventually lose the war. esp United States of America 1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
    70. 70. Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support to the Chinese who theythought would eventually lose the war. esp United States of Why did the Japanese want US in? America 1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
    71. 71. Japan wanted to conquer ChinaThis culminated into a full-scale war in1937. Western powers were reluctant toprovide support to the Chinese who theythought would eventually lose the war. esp United States of Why did the Japanese want US in? America What made the US changed their mind? 1 9 3 0 Japan vs China
    72. 72. World War 2
    73. 73. The United States entered the war in 1942after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces.In 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanesecities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and Japan surrendered soonafterward.Japans government shiftedfrom imperial and militaryrule to a parliamentarydemocracy. Emperor HirohitoP a r l i a m e n t a r y Democroacy

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