5 themes of geography

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5 themes of geography

  1. 1. The 5 Themes ofGeographyObjective: Students will be able to understand & apply the 5 themesof geography to actual locations of their choice
  2. 2. 5 Themes of Geography1.Location 2. Place3. Human EnvironmentInteraction 4. Movement 5. Regions
  3. 3. 1. Location What is the location of a place? Location can be described as a places position on the globe
  4. 4.  Latitude: imaginary lines running parallel to the Equator Longitude:imaginary lines running north and south between the poles
  5. 5. The Equator is the imaginary line that splits the earth into 2 equal halves, or hemispheres between the north and south polesLatitude
  6. 6. North Pole 0 ̊N ("World atlas.com," 2010)South Pole 0 ̊S
  7. 7. Longitude Prime Meridian=0 ̊ through Greenwich, England Longitude lines, or meridians, run north and south between the poles Lines are measured east and west of Greenwich up to 180 ̊
  8. 8. ("Port cities london," 2004) (Gough, 2009)
  9. 9. 2. PlaceWhat is the character of a place? Such as…?
  10. 10. Physical Characteristics Mountains, Climate, & Vegetation
  11. 11. Human CharacteristicsGovernment Systems Population, Language, &Culture Economic Systems
  12. 12. 3. Human-Environment Interaction How do people interact with their environment?  Have the people living in an area changed their environment? Cut down trees Build RoadsBuildings
  13. 13. What are some of the consequences of change?Destruction of Our Natural Resources… Forests Oceans ("The Role of," )
  14. 14. Progress & Innovation… Roads Buildings Efficiency (Sharp, 2008)
  15. 15. 4. Movement How do people, goods, & ideas move from place to place? Transportation  Railroad  Roads, Highways  Airports
  16. 16. • Communication of ideas – Computers – Telephones/cell phones All of these things make it easier to communicate & for both people & goods to travel from one place to another
  17. 17. Movement People, Ideas, and Products (P.I.P.)
  18. 18. 5. Regions How are places similar & different from one another?A Group of Places 1 Common Characteristic A REGION
  19. 19. Formal Regions -states, countries, cities -Places with specific boundaries Functional Regions -one central place and the surrounding places affected by it -A metropolitan area could consist of a large city plus its surrounding suburbs
  20. 20. Formal Map - Political
  21. 21. 5 Themes of Geography1.Location 2. Place3. Human EnvironmentInteraction 4. Movement 5. Regions

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