Organizational Culture  (& Modern Art) Jeff McNeill – 2007 University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa  Copyright © Jeff McNeill –  Thi...
Organizational Culture – Agenda  <ul><li>Comes from Anthropology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Study of Culture </li></ul></ul...
About Modern Art <ul><li>Modern Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many definitions! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About people in...
About Organizational Culture & National Culture <ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many definitions! </li></ul></ul...
Process vs. Results  <ul><li>Process Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How things are done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ...
Employee vs. Job <ul><li>Concern for Employee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concern f...
 
Parochial vs. Professional <ul><li>Parochial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentity taken from being in the organization </li></u...
Open vs. Closed System <ul><li>Open System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quickly get up to...
Loose vs. Tight Control <ul><li>Loose Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvisation </li><...
Normative vs. Pragmatic <ul><li>Normative Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideologically driven </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pr...
Organizational Culture (& Art) <ul><li>Six Dimensions of Organizational Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process vs. Results ...
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McNeill (2007) Organizational Culture and Modern Art

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A comparison walkthrough of Hofstede's organizational culture dimensions with that of categories of modern art.

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McNeill (2007) Organizational Culture and Modern Art

  1. 1. Organizational Culture (& Modern Art) Jeff McNeill – 2007 University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Copyright © Jeff McNeill – This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
  2. 2. Organizational Culture – Agenda <ul><li>Comes from Anthropology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Study of Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different from National Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Six Dimensions of Organizational Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process vs. Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee vs. Job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parochial vs. Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open vs. Closed System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose vs. Tight Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normative vs. Pragmatic </li></ul></ul>http://tinyurl.com/48b4o http://tinyurl.com/4dqmz
  3. 3. About Modern Art <ul><li>Modern Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many definitions! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About people in groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen as individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The “romantic” notion of creative genius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artists who work in similar styles at same times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared themes, techniques, meanings </li></ul></ul>http://tinyurl.com/4ngcs Caspar David Friedrich
  4. 4. About Organizational Culture & National Culture <ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many definitions! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About people in groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National culture = “values” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They way things “should be” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizational culture = “practices” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way things “are” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“How we do things around here” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul></ul>http://tinyurl.com/4ngcs http://tinyurl.com/6hmas
  5. 5. Process vs. Results <ul><li>Process Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How things are done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way we do things </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What gets done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul></ul>Process Results Bridget Riley Op Art Joseph Beuys Performance Art
  6. 6. Employee vs. Job <ul><li>Concern for Employee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concern for Job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Completion </li></ul></ul>Employee Job http://tinyurl.com/5n7qm http://tinyurl.com/6qndf http://tinyurl.com/448md Jackson Pollock Abstractionism http://tinyurl.com/6qxro http://tinyurl.com/5qt5z
  7. 8. Parochial vs. Professional <ul><li>Parochial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentity taken from being in the organization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentity from outside organization </li></ul></ul>Parochial Professional Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (pre-Modern) Gustave Courbet (first Modern)
  8. 9. Open vs. Closed System <ul><li>Open System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quickly get up to speed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Closed System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only certain kind of people fit in </li></ul></ul>Malevich Russian Futurism Open Closed Magritte Surrealism
  9. 10. Loose vs. Tight Control <ul><li>Loose Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tight Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seriousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul></ul>Loose Tight Piet Mondrian De Stijl Wassily Kandinsky Expressionism
  10. 11. Normative vs. Pragmatic <ul><li>Normative Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideologically driven </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market-driven </li></ul></ul>Normative Pragmatic Andy Warhol Pop Art Mark Rothko Abstract Expressionism
  11. 12. Organizational Culture (& Art) <ul><li>Six Dimensions of Organizational Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process vs. Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee vs. Job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parochial vs. Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open vs. Closed System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose vs. Tight Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normative vs. Pragmatic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practices of Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Measured on Bimodal Scale </li></ul>Pieter Bruegel, The Elder (pre-Modern) http://tinyurl.com/4dqmz

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