Every Canadian gets 1 vote in the federal election which occurs about every 4 years when the ruling party has a majority and about every 2 years when the ruling party has a minority. An election must be called within five years of a party coming to power. This period is called an election term .
In Canada, the party that wins the majority, rules. <ul><li>The majority = 1/2 x Seats + 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. 1/2 x 301 + 1 = 151 </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. 1/2 x 308 + 1 = 155 </li></ul><ul><li>IF the biggest winner gets less than that, they form a MINORITY government. </li></ul>
Determine the Type of Gov’t Majority Government Winner Others
Determine the Type of Gov’t Minority Government Others Winner
The Distribution of Seats Determines the Gov’t: 143 Conservative 36 NDP 77 Liberal 48 Bloc Québécois 1 Independent Speaker Last election: October, 2008 There are currently 308 seats in the Commons: Why would there be 7 new seats since 2001? 3 vacant seats