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SS11 Canadian Parliamentary System Chpt 9
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SS11 Canadian Parliamentary System Chpt 9


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The Canadian parliamentary system is explained in terms of the division of power and has page links to the textbook.

The Canadian parliamentary system is explained in terms of the division of power and has page links to the textbook.

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  • Burt Brown used a tractor to cut “Triple E senate or else” in his neighbour’s barley field during time when Preston Manning was fighting for senate reform as leader of the Reform Party – the West was disenchanted with Ottawa ever since Trudeau’s National Energy Policy was rammed through the Commons during the 1970s oil crisis.
  • It is worthy to note that the importance of some ministries has changed over the years. For example, when most of the country was agrarian, the Min of Agriculture was more important; also, in the old days, there was no Min of the Environment.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Canadian Federal System A Power Sharing Relationship Marshall 2007
    • 2. Overview:
      • The historical perspective
      • The BNA Act
      • The parliamentary system
      • The three levels of government in Canada
    • 3. A. Historical Perspective
      • The colonies of BNA
      • Dissatisfaction with representative gov’t
      • The threat from the USA
      • Fathers of Confederation
    • 4.
      • B. The BNA Act (Constitution Act of 1867)
      • Written Constitution:
      • 1. Pre 1982 = BNA Act, Sections 91 and 92 (who gets what: see pg. 224 in your text)
      • REMEMBER residual powers
      • 2. Post 1982 = BNA-like sections
      • = Charter
      • = amending formula
      • Unwritten Constitution:
      • British tradition of Common Law
    • 5. FYI Can you name Canada’s original four provinces? Ontario (Canada West), Quebec (Canada East), New Brunswick, Nova Scotia
    • 6. C. The Parliamentary System
      • Read the following sections on pp. 226-227 re:
      • Legislative Power
      • Executive Power
      • Judicial Power
      • Write a brief 2 - 3 sentence definition of each.
      • FYI: Who has the last word in deciding how a rule will be followed in Canada?
    • 7. C.1. Legislative Branch
      • Parliament has 2 houses, one elected
      House of Commons Senate and one appointed
    • 8. Memory Maker Parliament: Elected Appointed House of Commons Senate
    • 9. 1. The HOUSE OF COMMONS research in teams: read p. 228 and tell
      • What is another name for the Commons?
      • About how many citizens are in a federal riding?
      • How many seats are in the Commons?
      • Who moderates debates in the Commons?
      LOWER HOUSE 308 SPEAKER 100,000
    • 10.
      • What is a political party/party meeting called?
      • What is an MP?
      • When is an MP allowed to go against the Party?
      1a. The HOUSE OF COMMONS Voting research in teams: read pp. 228-229 and tell CAUCUS MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FREE VOTE
    • 11. 2. The SENATE research in teams: read pp. 230-231 and tell
      • What is another name for the Senate?
      • Who really appoints the senators?
      • What is a Senate seat given as a reward called?
      • Why does N.B. have more Senate seats than B.C. and what statement in the reading does this contradict?
    • 12. 2a. Senate reform:
      • Is the appointed Senate still relevant in a modern democracy?
      • Equal
      • Elected
      • Effective
    • 13. C.2. Executive Branch
      • The executive has 4 parts:
      • The is the Queen’s rep
      • The is the head of government
      • The are the heads of the Ministries
      • The advises the Cabinet
      G.G. P.M. Cabinet Public Service
    • 14.
      • Queen’s representative with ultimate de juri power
      • Last step in passing laws except Hansard
      • Ensures gov’t follows rules
      • Ceremonial / gives out awards and medals
      Michaelle Jean
    • 15. Prime Minister
      • Leader of Party with most seats
      • Head of government de facto power base
      • National leader both domestically and abroad
      • Look on pp. 234-235 and find ONE example of a duty the PM fills FOR EACH of the above categories.
      Stephan Harper
    • 16. Cabinet
      • The various departments of the federal government are in MINISTRIES; the MP in charge of each ministry is called a MINISTER; usually only ministers make up the PM’s Cabinet.
      • Some ministries (and thus ministers) are more important than others. Complete this table:
      • Defence
      • External Affairs }
      • Environment
      • Health
      • Finance
      • Agriculture
      • Fisheries
      • Indian/Northern Affairs
      MAJOR MINOR External Affairs
    • 17. Public Service Civil Service Bureaucracy
      • The face of everyday gov’t
      • Policy advisors to politicians
      • Not elected SO don’t change with gov’t
      • Sr. civil servants (ex. deputy ministers) wield power thus they may be changed with gov’t
    • 18.
      • The courts are divided like gov’t: provincial + federal
      • The Constitution (1982) is the supreme law of the land
      • Statutory Law (written) + Common Law (precedent)
      • Civil Law (vs. individuals) + Criminal Law (vs. state)
      • The Supreme Court of Cda interprets the Charter
      C.3. Judicial Branch
    • 19. Vocabulary Review BNA Act Constitution Act 1867 Sections 91, 92 Constitution Act 1982 Charter of Rights and Freedoms Parliament Legislative, Executive, Judicial House of Commons Senate Speaker MP PM Cabinet Governor General Riding Ministry Political Party Caucus De facto / De juri Common Law Unwritten Constitution Civil (public) Service Bureaucrat Elected Appointed Precedent Upper House Lower House Representative Government Responsible Government
    • 20.  
    • 21. End