The CCF is concerned with supplying human need not ______________.
The present capitalist system is inherently ____________ & _____________ and has inequities in _____________ and _____________ where power lies with the _____________ and the ______________.
The new social order will reject regimentation and not interfere with _________________ or _______________ but will have more ______________ and each citizen will become ______________.
The CCF will achieve this through _________________ because it doesn’t believe in _______________. The old parties (______________ and ______________) are instruments of ______________________. The CCF is a democratic movement of _____________, _____________ and ________________________.
The CCF will be self-financed and seek to achieve its goals solely through _____________________ methods
Which two parties were the “old” parties? “ What! The kids and Missus and I have to get out…after no crops and no prices, where shall we go?”
Major James Coldwell MP Leader of CCF from 1942 - 1960 Coldwell and farmer labor assures: we hold title ; thank God, my fear of losing home gone Grab all
See cartoon activity sheet 4-1 CCF Social Credit Union Nationale Led by JS Woodsworth; supported farmers, labourers,socialists, intellectuals,discontent-ed Liberals; its politics included public ownership of KEY industries, social programs for the needy, government spending on public works Led by “Bible Bill” Aberhart ; it appealed to many voters in Alberta, where he was elected in 1935; its policies included citizens receiving a $25 monthly dividend to buy goods. The additional money was intended to simulate the economy. Led by Maurice Duplessis ; supported by people in rural areas and nationalists; its policies included the belief that the English minority controlled Quebec’s economy
Fascism secret police , one party state , dictatorship , Militarism Italy, 1922 Germany, 1933 Spain, 1939 Mussolini Hitler Franco
Blame 1911 democracy for problems
Black Shirts March on Rome (threat of socialists)
1929 Pact with Pope
Crush unions - Corporate State
Rebuild military = jobs
Test tactics in Spanish Civil War
Falange vs elected Republic
Proxy war (blitzkrieg) for Condor Legion and Italian Air Force - Guernica
Life in Hitler’s Nazi Germany Positive Aspects Negative Aspects Mega-projects/rearmament = employment Direction = Hope in desperate times Versailles abandoned = return of national pride/saved reparation payments Annexations = wealth and power Self-determination for Germans = corrects some misplaced persons from Versailles Versailles abandoned = militarization/isolation Nuremburg Decrees/racism = loss of human/citizen rights Loss of democracy = one party state Brown Shirts/mob violence = loss of security Book burnings = loss of freedom Unions outlawed = loss of freedom
Canada’s Failure of the St.Louis Anti-Semitic advisors (from the South) to FDR persuaded him to block a USA landing - Mackenzie King who was visiting Washington with the Royal Family also gave in. Canada accepted fewer than 5000 Jewish refugees during the Second World War. Brazil accepted 27,000!
Dissatisfaction with 1932 Relief Camps - designed to keep potential trouble makers out of the cities - think Winnipeg 1919 - ironically, the camps concentrated large groups of men who were easily organized.
20¢/day = slave labour
Young men were mobile - concentrated in Vancouver (why would 1/3 of 150 camps be in BC?): history of unrest - Vancouver 1932
The RCMP hid in 3 vans and the Regina Police hid in a garage. At 8 p.m. a whistle blew and they charged, beginning hours of hand-to-hand fighting. In the end 1 plain clothes policeman was dead. 120 strikers were arrested.
The next day the RCMP surrounded the stadium with machine guns - strikers were cut off from food and water.
The strikers called the Premier for a meeting - they were arrested but released to meet
National newspapers reported the police initiated riot
Premier Gardner blamed Bennett for the trouble. He ordered the men be fed and negotiated a disbandment to the strike.
The men boarded trains an returned west.
Bennett said, the Trek was "not a mere uprising against law and order but a definite revolutionary effort on the part of a group of men to usurp authority and destroy government." - the Tories were defeated that year in the 1935 federal election.
Bloody Sunday: Sit down strike, Vancouver, 1938 How are the police achieving order?