Proportional representation is different than the first-past-the-post system we currently use: The party gets the same percentage of seats as their percentage of the vote. The Weimar gov’t was unpopular and unstable/fractured. The people were very nationalistic and would easily have sacrificed democracy for authority and a more stable gov’t. When Hitler came to power in 1933 (after outlawing the Communists) he had 17 million of 39 million ballots cast.
Interesting to note that the Friekorps also assassinated Matthius Erzberger, (signed Armistice) and Walther Ratheneau (Weimar Jewish Foreign Minister) Friekorps usually went unpunished.
Freikorps = FREE CORPS
The SA arrest Socialist city councilmen
4 state police and 16 putschists dead
“ My Struggle “ – part autobiography, part political ideology Served only 8 months – 500 RM fine – everything reported in the newspaper = publicity for Hitler’s message
DO NOT SHOW THIS SLIDE
READ NOTES AT BOTTOM OF SLIDE PRIOR TO SHOWING PPT TO CLASS
Challenges to the Weimar Republic J. Marshall, 2009 Putsch 1 Putsch 2 Putsch 3
This was a botched job but it taught Hitler a valuable lesson (and that’s why you should know it - think about Mussolini)
In politics sometimes a failure is a success
there is no such thing as bad publicity
Early NAZI Party meeting in Hofbräuhaus, in Munich
Hitler burst into a political meeting in the beer hall and said:
“ The national revolution has broken out! The hall is filled with 600 men. Nobody is allowed to leave. The Bavarian government and the government at Berlin are deposed. A new government will be formed at once. The barracks of the Reichswehr are occupied. Both have rallied behind the swastika.”
The arrival in Munich of troops supporting Hitler.
Hitler thought the army’s men would follow Ludendorf, a commander and war hero.
Many did: the S.A. grew ten-fold during the crisis!
By second day, momentum was lost: city counselors were hostages, many Jews arrested, but Hitler knew the putsch was dead – Ludendorf called 2000 SA “to march”
Met at Defence Ministry building by 100 soldiers under State Police leader.
Hitler and Goering shot + Hitler captured
Hitler leads the troops (well, in the romanticized Nazi painting, anyway - his men actually threw him to the ground bodyguard-style as soon as the shooting started). He had already won the Iron Cross, 1st Class
The leaders stand trial after local and state police stop the putsch.
“ Those fatal defects which finally led to Germany's downfall afford the clearest proof of how right we were in considering it absolutely necessary to set up programmatic aims which were sharply and distinctly defined. Because we recognized the defects above mentioned, we realized that a new conception of the State had to be formed, which in itself became a part of our new conception of life in general. ” Vol 2, 1: Philosophy and Party
Paying homage to the 16 fallen Putschists (4 policemen also died) Hitler worked within the existing political framework to come to power legitimately .