View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
This was a botched job but it taught Hitler a valuable lesson (and that’s why you should know it - think about Mussolini)
In politics sometimes a failure is a success
there is no such thing as bad publicity
Early NAZI Party meeting in Hofbräuhaus, in Munich
Hitler burst into a political meeting in the beer hall and said:
“ The national revolution has broken out! The hall is filled with 600 men. Nobody is allowed to leave. The Bavarian government and the government at Berlin are deposed. A new government will be formed at once. The barracks of the Reichswehr are occupied. Both have rallied behind the swastika.”
The arrival in Munich of troops supporting Hitler.
Hitler thought the army’s men would follow Ludendorf, a commander and war hero.
Many did: the S.A. grew ten-fold during the crisis!
By second day, momentum was lost: city counselors were hostages, many Jews arrested, but Hitler knew the putsch was dead – Ludendorf called 2000 SA “to march”
Met at Defence Ministry building by 100 soldiers under State Police leader.
Hitler and Goering shot + Hitler captured
Hitler leads the troops (well, in the romanticized Nazi painting, anyway - his men actually threw him to the ground bodyguard-style as soon as the shooting started). He had already won the Iron Cross, 1st Class
The leaders stand trial after local and state police stop the putsch.
“ Those fatal defects which finally led to Germany's downfall afford the clearest proof of how right we were in considering it absolutely necessary to set up programmatic aims which were sharply and distinctly defined. Because we recognized the defects above mentioned, we realized that a new conception of the State had to be formed, which in itself became a part of our new conception of life in general. ” Vol 2, 1: Philosophy and Party
Paying homage to the 16 fallen Putschists (4 policemen also died) Hitler worked within the existing political framework to come to power legitimately .