Hudson's Bay Company and Northwest Company and the Fur Trade in Canada
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Hudson's Bay Company and Northwest Company and the Fur Trade in Canada

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Hudson's Bay Company and Northwest Company and the Fur Trade in Canada Hudson's Bay Company and Northwest Company and the Fur Trade in Canada Presentation Transcript

  • The Northwest to 1870 PART 1 Competition in the Fur Trade (pp 125 - 138 of Horizons) J Marshall, 2014
  • Timeline: 167 • _______HBC created • • • • • • • 0 178 _______NW Co created 3 181 _______Selkirk Settlement founded 2 181 _______Pemmican Proclamation 4 _______Selkirk’s treaty with the Cree 181 7 182 _______HBC/NW Co merge 1 _______Govt of Canada gets Ruperts Land 186 9 _______Red River troubles 186 9 1700 1800 1900
  • Drainage Basin Hinterland: back country that provides resources Heartland: settled regions that use resources to create goods
  • The Hudson’s Bay Company Terms Factor Clerk Factory “Stay at the Bay” Made beaver Trade Goods
  • BC H • The Factor was like a god – the Governor was even worse! • Marriages were not encouraged • Traded with various First Nations groups • Strict trade standards – everything translated into “made beaver” • Strict timelines (H Bay open July – Mid-Sept only • All in-country workers were salaried • Forced inland as resources shrank
  • The Northwest Company Montreal, 1783 Terms Montreal Partners Hivernants/Wintering Partners Voyageurs Portage Canots du nord (7m/6 crew) Canots du maitre (11m/12 crew) Pieces (40kg)
  • NW Co • New France fell 1763; 1783 NW Co established (about a century after the HBC) • Initially outside HBC territory/then in competition • Hivernants went to hinterland to establish trade and would negotiate prices • Hivernants were partners, not salaried employees • Canoe brigades moved pieces from Ft William to Lachine
  • York Boat
  • Canoe
  • jmarshallchat.blogspot.com to access the websites on York boats and canoes York Boat Pros Cons Canoe
  • NW Co: Advantages  Trappers accessed NW Co posts easier  Hierarchy was less rigid than HBC  Montreal partners managed overseas business  Hivernants could stay in the bush  Hivernants had a vested interest in profits  Explorers found new routes/mapped  Trade prices were more flexible than HBC  Willing to trade alcohol IN WHAT ORDER WOULD YOU RANK THE IMPORTANCE OF EACH?
  • HBC Problem Solving: • Create a plan to win the fur trade competition with the NW Co. • Think about the pros and cons of your decisions. • Consider the short term and longer term effects of your choices.
  • Canoe: click to access website http://www.hbcheritage.ca/content/canoe/dash/full
  • end