China and Japan and the Second World War


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A discussion for History 12 on the events associated with China and Japan leading up to the Second World War.

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  • Pronounced “Koo min tang”
  • Chiang followed the German advisors’ military advise to stop frontal attacks and instead blockade the CCP in an ever shrinking area. Finally the CCP broke out on “The Long March.”
  • If shot down, Flying tigers gave this chit to locals to secure help.
  • China and Japan and the Second World War

    1. 1. C hina and J apan in the early 20th century
    2. 2. The New China is born 1911 when the Qing Dynasty crumbles: <ul><li>Sun Yat-Sen - Wuchang uprising </li></ul><ul><li>Kuomintang </li></ul><ul><li>May Fourth Movement (Versailles =  ) </li></ul><ul><li>1917 - nationalism vs. Japan </li></ul><ul><li>1925 - Sun dies </li></ul>
    3. 3. Chiang Kai-Shek 1925 <ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-communist </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Strong central gov’t </li></ul>
    4. 4. Japan
    5. 6. Western Culture
    6. 7. <ul><li>Mukden, 1931 (see pg 53 in the Map Book) </li></ul>
    7. 8. The famed Marco Polo Bridge at Mukden Autarky Fix #1 - Manchuria 1931 Autarky Fix #2: the rest of China 1937
    8. 9. Another view…
    9. 10. The Long March, 1934 <ul><li>Chiang attacked the CCP in 1927 - Mao escaped the “White Terror.” </li></ul>
    10. 11. Split up Escape Re-join in stages Safety in the North-West
    11. 12. <ul><li>Increased German cooperation for China from 1933 until the Japanese invasion in 1937. </li></ul>
    12. 13. Talk didn’t matter - the ARMY didn’t listen and took control in 1937!
    13. 14. Asia for the Asians The first Sino-Japanese War was pre 1900.
    14. 15. Trade: the aggressive way out <ul><li>The Depression was devastating for Japan: foreign tariffs cut trade by 2/3 - by 1931 1/2 of her factories closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Fix #1 - Invasion of Manchuria 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Fix #2 - Huge increases in Gov’t spending (rearmament): ’32,’33,’34 up 20%/yr - in’36 the Army murdered the finance minister when he planned to cut spending - they wanted EVEN MORE ARMAMENT. </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>1/2 of Japan’s exports to Yen Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>2/5 of Japan’s imports from Yen Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>BUT, this is not enough - Japan would not be able to prosper AND keep her large armed forces unless her empire grew. She needed resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, the aggressive nationalism that saved her from the Depression would soon push her into a self-destructive war with America. </li></ul><ul><li>But first, more success… </li></ul>Success in the YEN BLOC! (Korea, Taiwan (Formosa), and Manchukuo
    16. 18. AUTARCHY
    17. 19. G reater E ast A sia C o- P rosperity S phere a NEW ORDER ?
    18. 21. Atrocities…
    19. 22. The Nanking Massacre / The Rape of Nanking 300,000 or 6000?
    20. 23. “ Animal instincts” / Postcards / Army censors / Revenge 1947
    21. 24. Why would the USA not send aid to the Communists in spite of advise to do so by their own in-country advisor?
    22. 25. P-40 Warhawk This intervention from Burma was limited; soon the Japanese would wake the Sleeping Giant in earnest.
    23. 26. END