in Blended & Online EnvironmentsUsing Groups:CollaborationT h e o r y a n d P r a c t i c eA Presentation byJeff Lofting for
Collaboration Defined Collaboration is……when a group of people come together,driven by mutual self–interest,to constructively explore newpossibilities andcreate something that theycouldn’t do on their own(Callahan) Utilizing collective knowledge andskills offered by a group to cultivatenew ideas and solve problems.
Justification for CollaborationI. Collaboration is a high priority need» 45% of US employers say lack of skills is “mainreason” for entry-level vacancies» Employers would be willing to pay new workers22% higher salaries if they did have theskills they need» 72% of educational institutionsbelieve newly educatedworkers are ready for work…» 42% of employers feelthe same way (Bersin)
Justification for CollaborationI. Collaboration is a high priority needII. Constructivism requires it» Dr. David Jonassen, CLEs on the WebLearning most naturally occurs not in isolation butby teams of people working together tosolve problems. CLEs should provideaccess to shared information andshared knowledge buildingtools to help learners tocollaboratively constructsocially shared knowledge (6).
Justification for CollaborationI. Collaboration is a high priorityneedII. Constructivism requires it» Collaborative learning leads to• deeper level learning,• critical thinking,• shared understanding, and• long term retention of the learned material(Kreijns 337)
Justification for CollaborationI. Collaboration is a high priority needII. Constructivism requires itIII. Struggling is inherent in the learningprocess» Piaget’s social cognitive conflict• Social Interaction Cognitive Conflict• Disequilibrium KnowledgeConstruction
The Practice of Collaboration So, how can students be empowered tocollaborate successful?» CLEs should provide access to sharedinformation and shared knowledge buildingtools to help learners to collaborativelyconstruct socially sharedknowledge. Canvas provides anincredible resource ofshared knowledgebuilding tools.
Canvas Groups FeaturesCourseProject 1SetGroup 1Group 2Announce-mentsPages/WikisDiscussionBoardsShared FilesCollaboration(Google Docs)Group 3For Students: Announcements Wikis (collective knowledge repository) Calendar events Shared resourcesFor Instructors: Group messages Group assignments Group discussion threads
SourcesJonassen, David. "Constructivist learning environments on the web: engaging students inmeaningful learning." The Educational Technology Conference and Conference Singapore (1999): n.pag. Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.Kreijns, Karel, Paul Kirschner, and Wim Jochems. "Identifying the pitfalls for social interaction incomputer-supported collaborative learning environments: a review of the research." Computers inHuman Behavior 19.3 (2003): 335-353. Print.Callahan, Shawn. "Anecdote: when should we collaborate?" Anecdote. N.p., 12 Mar. 2008. Web. 24 Apr.2013. <http://www.anecdote.com.au/archives/2008/12/when_should_we.html>.Bersin, J. (2012, December 10). Growing Gap Between What Business Needs and What EducationProvides - Forbes. Information for the Worlds Business Leaders - Forbes.com. Retrieved April24, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/joshbersin/2012/12/10/growing-gap-between-what-business-needs-and-what-education-provides/Lipponen, Lasse. “Exploring foundations for computer-supported collaborative learning." University ofHelsinki Finland: n. pag. Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX (2002). Web. 24 Apr. 2013.What Do Employers Expect…from Today’s High School Graduates?. (n.d.). Vermont Business Roundtable.Retrieved April 24, 2013, from http://vtroundtable.org/filemanager/download/8717/