DATA CENTERComputer Room   Planning Jeffrey Lam RCDD
What is a data center?Data Centers– “nerve centers” of the  organisation– centralize & consolidate IT  resources– support ...
Different Tiers of data centers Data center space is precious, use it wisely.
FM200 cylinders                                            FM200 cylindersMDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Consol...
EIA/TIA 942 recommendations for computer room  • Minimum height = 2.6m  • Minimum door = 1m wide, 2.13m high  • Minimum fl...
Batteries    BatteriesElect.Elect.               Operating Console                     Operating Console                  ...
MDAMDA         Operating Console            Operating Console                                                             ...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                     Ramp to bring       ...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                     Allow space forCC   ...
MDAMDA      Operating Console         Operating Console       Cold aisles                                             Hot ...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                        .                ...
MDAMDA        Operating Console           Operating Console                                                               ...
MDAMDA    Operating Console       Operating ConsoleCC                                                     If operatingRR  ...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                     Vision panelCC      ...
FM200 cylinders                                            FM200 cylindersMDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Consol...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                              CCTV camera                                ...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating ConsoleCCRR         Reserved for future racks          Reserved for future racks...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                     RisersCCRR         R...
Structured vs. Unstructured     Cabling Solutions
MDA.MDA.   Operating Console       Operating Console                                                      Distribution Are...
STRUCTURED VS. UNSTRUCTURED              CABLING SOLUTIONS               The cabling starts with a few connections . . .Se...
STRUCTURED VS. UNSTRUCTURED             CABLING SOLUTIONS                                   The alternative...Server rack ...
Typical Data center                      Backbone                       cabling                      Horizontal           ...
MDAMDA    Operating Console       Operating Console                                                       Distribution Are...
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                         Distribution Are...
Zone cabling boxesCeiling boxes     Raised floor boxes
MDAMDA   Operating Console      Operating Console                                                     CREMS               ...
Final designComms.Comms.                     Cold aislesCC            MDA             MDA         Reserved for future rack...
Security  Access Control                       IP CCTVCard & Numerical pad    access control                              ...
FINAL DESIGN
Final designComms.Comms. C C            MDA              MDA            Reserved for future racks                         ...
Final designComms.Comms. C C            MDA              MDA            Reserved for future racks                         ...
THANK YOU!  Jeffrey Lam RCDDJeffrey.lam@anixter.com     +65 97849870
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Computer room design (revised)

2,692

Published on

space planning, security, cabling and other design considerations for a computer room /datacenter

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,692
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Computer room design (revised)

  1. 1. DATA CENTERComputer Room Planning Jeffrey Lam RCDD
  2. 2. What is a data center?Data Centers– “nerve centers” of the organisation– centralize & consolidate IT resources– support critical business operations.– provide uninterrupted service to mission critical applications • 7 x 24 x 365 availability • Power & network redundancy • Physical & network security • Environmental monitoring • Air-conditioning / thermal mgt • Fire suppression systems
  3. 3. Different Tiers of data centers Data center space is precious, use it wisely.
  4. 4. FM200 cylinders FM200 cylindersMDAMDA Operating Console Operating ConsoleCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAAUU TYPICAL racks racks Computer RoomCC racks racksRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Batteries Batteries
  5. 5. EIA/TIA 942 recommendations for computer room • Minimum height = 2.6m • Minimum door = 1m wide, 2.13m high • Minimum floor loading = 7.2kPa (distributed) • Recommended floor loading = 12kPa (distributed) • Dedicated air conditioning – temperature 20° to 25 °C – relative humidity 40% to 55%EIA/TIA 569 recommendations for equipment room • Lighting – 500 lux measured 1 m above finished floor – Install light fixtures 2.6 m above floor • Local disaster regulations – seismic rating
  6. 6. Batteries BatteriesElect.Elect. Operating Console Operating Console Group your equipment intoCC zonesRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksA power requiredAUU •heat generated LAN / WAN / routers •amount & type of switches & security cables •maintenanceCC SAN / applications/RRAA storage serverUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Lower power & cooling Highest power & cooling
  7. 7. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Group your equipment intoCC zonesRR SINGAPORE INDONESIA MALAYSIAA THALANDA Consider ease ofU LAN &U WAN operation Spread out the power / coolingC requirementsCRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  8. 8. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Ramp to bring equipment up ontoCC raised floors.RR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA Suggested slope 1:12UU Suggested width 1.8m racks racks (but consider the width of your largest piece of equipment)CC racks racksRRAAUU Barriers / handrails Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS for safety purposes. Suggested height >0.8m
  9. 9. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Allow space forCC expansionRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAAUU Near entrance for easy install where racks racks possible.CC racks racksRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  10. 10. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Cold aisles Hot & Cold aislesCC •Cold air directed toRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks cold aisles throughAA raised floors.UU Hot aisles •Hot air return through racks racks ceiling space Cold aisles •Computer Room Air handling units (CRAU)CC racks racks located along hot aisle.RRAA •Under the raised floor,U Hot aislesU cables are routed along Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS hot aisles to prevent obstruction to incoming cold air.
  11. 11. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console . Separate commsCC and electricalRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks cables whereAA possibleUU racks racks Opposite ends of roomCC racks racks Top and bottom entryRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  12. 12. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Maintenance space Suggested 1mCC clearance in front &R behind racksR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA Suggested 1.5m bendUU Minimum 1m Minimum 1m radius around access corners racks racksMin.1.5mMin.1.5m Consider depth of your radius radius Minimum 1m Minimum 1m Min.1.5m deepest equipment Min.1.5m radius radiusCC racks racks Floor loadingRR Loading depends onAA Minimum 1m weight of equipment Minimum 1mUU Recommended for Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS CR = 7.2kPa min. High traffic Areas = CR loading +50%
  13. 13. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating ConsoleCC If operatingRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks Console needs to beAA PossibleUU in computer room, Maintenance / MAC racks racks Work Area Near entrance for easy access & escapeCC racks racks Not affected by anyRRA maintenance / MACAUU work Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  14. 14. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Vision panelCC •showcase data center.RR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA •Security issue.UU •Reinforced glass. racks racksCC racks racksRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  15. 15. FM200 cylinders FM200 cylindersMDAMDA Operating Console Operating ConsoleCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks Minimise itemsAA inside computerUU room racks racks FM200 cylindersCC racks racksR UPS batteriesRAA Operating consoleUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Batteries Batteries
  16. 16. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console CCTV camera At entrance •with people counterCC functionalityRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA •complements logUU book racks racks at aislesCC racks racks •monitor access toRR equipmentAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  17. 17. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating ConsoleCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA Access controlUU At least 2 forms of racks racks recognition •what you knowCC racks racks •who you areRRAA •what you haveUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS 2 levels access control prevents tailgating.
  18. 18. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console RisersCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks •accessible from outsideAAU •must be lockedU racks racks •remotely monitored preferredCC racks racksRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  19. 19. Structured vs. Unstructured Cabling Solutions
  20. 20. MDA.MDA. Operating Console Operating Console Distribution Area •Main distributionCC •Top of rackRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks •central cross connect toAAU all cabinets in theU computer room racks racks •no. of cables depend on equipment housed in the racks.CC racks racksRR •24 UTP ports/rackAAUU •6 LC fiber ports per Elect. rack Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  21. 21. STRUCTURED VS. UNSTRUCTURED CABLING SOLUTIONS The cabling starts with a few connections . . .Server Changes made at active equipmentracks • adding cables = accidental pulling adjacent cables • pulling of cables = longer installation times • Mess under the floor = poor air flow • Long patchcords = long lead times StorageSwitch racks
  22. 22. STRUCTURED VS. UNSTRUCTURED CABLING SOLUTIONS The alternative...Server rack DISTRIBUTION AREA Server Ports Storage Switch PortsSwitch rack Storage Ports
  23. 23. Typical Data center Backbone cabling Horizontal cabling
  24. 24. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Distribution AreaCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks •Horizontal distributionAA areaUU •End of Row design HDA HDACCRRAAUU Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS
  25. 25. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console Distribution Area •Zone distribution areaCCRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAAUU Hot aisle what’s wrong with this ZDA ZDA Cold aisle picture?CCRRAA Cabling should beUU routed in hot aisle to Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS prevent obstruction to air flow
  26. 26. Zone cabling boxesCeiling boxes Raised floor boxes
  27. 27. MDAMDA Operating Console Operating Console CREMS ComputerCC RoomRR Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksAA EnvironmentalUU Monitoring racks racks System •power •humidityCC racks racksRR •temperatureAAUU •airflow Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS •sound
  28. 28. Final designComms.Comms. Cold aislesCC MDA MDA Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racksRRAA Hot aisles Operating Console Operating Console Operating Console Operating ConsoleUU racks racks Cold aislesCC racks racksRR FM200 cylinders FM200 cylindersAAUU Hot aisles Batteries Batteries Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPSRamp / Console areas outside CRSeparate support Area.2 security points before entering CR
  29. 29. Security Access Control IP CCTVCard & Numerical pad access control IP CCTV - fixedIris scan access control IP CCTV - Pan/Tilt/Zoom
  30. 30. FINAL DESIGN
  31. 31. Final designComms.Comms. C C MDA MDA Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks R R A A Operating Console Operating Console U U racks racksCC racks racksRR FM200 cylinders FM200 cylindersAAUU Batteries Batteries Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPSSeparate comms. and electrical cablesDifferent ends of room.Top and bottom entry
  32. 32. Final designComms.Comms. C C MDA MDA Reserved for future racks Reserved for future racks R R A A Operating Console Operating Console U U racks racksCC racks racksRR FM200 cylinders FM200 cylindersAAUU Batteries Batteries Elect. Elect. UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPSSeparate comms. and electrical cablesDifferent ends of room.Top and bottom entry
  33. 33. THANK YOU! Jeffrey Lam RCDDJeffrey.lam@anixter.com +65 97849870
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×