Effective way to enrich and practice vocabulary


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Effective way to enrich and practice vocabulary

  1. 1. Effective way to Enrich and Practice Vocabulary
  2. 2. Outline Abstract 1. Introduction. 2. The Importance of enriching your vocabulary 3. Types of vocabulary 4. How to build and enrich your vocabulary 5. Conclusion. Abstract This paper is about understanding what vocabulary is and how we could enrich them. Expanding your vocabulary means learning new words and understanding more in reading comprehension. This paper delivers the meaning, importance and how to build your vocabulary 1. Introduction Communication is an essential part of human interaction. The benefits of effective communication are many and obvious as they enhance all aspects of our personal and professional lives. Ineffective or misunderstood communications in our personal lives may give rise to problems or embarrassment but in our professional lives the results of misunderstandings may have much more serious results. There are several associated lexicographical terms that we meet when studying languages. Those are a vocabulary, dictionary, thesaurus, lexicon, and glossary. Needless to mention that these terms are often mixed up. A person's vocabulary is the set of words they are familiar with in a language. A vocabulary usually grows and evolves with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge.
  3. 3. 2. The importance of enriching your Vocabulary Vocabulary Enrichment is important. Vocabulary is the words that are stored or what we know. Words are the currency of communication. A robust vocabulary improves all areas of communication like listening, speaking, reading and writing. People may judge you by means of your vocabulary and how you use them. And an extensive vocabulary aids expressions and communication. 3. Ways we learn Vocabulary Reading vocabulary A person's reading vocabulary is all the words he or she can recognize when reading. This is the most simple because this is aided by our visual eyes. And as we know, we always encounter thousands of words, phrases, lines, icons, graphics, etc. with our eyes as we look around. Listening vocabulary A person's listening vocabulary is all the words he or she can recognize when listening to speech. This vocabulary is aided in size by context and tone of voice. Writing vocabulary A person's writing vocabulary is all the words he or she can employ in writing. Contrary to the previous two vocabulary types, the writing vocabulary is stimulated by its user. The greatest way to express your vocabulary well is in speech writing, essays, research, advertisements and letters. In this way we can make our written work more colorful and interesting. Speaking vocabulary A person's speaking vocabulary is all the words he or she can use in speech. Due to the spontaneous nature of the speaking vocabulary, words are often misused. This misuse – though slight and unintentional – may be compensated by facial expressions, tone of voice, or hand gestures.
  4. 4. This also shows how educated or how proper you choose your words. Like for example, it’s better to say undergarments that underwear, because some words are vulgar. 4. How to Build and enrich more your Vocabulary Building your Vocabulary is way too easy than learning mathematics. We use them often than computing numbers. But in learning new words, one should be actively receptive to new words. Words won’t come chasing after you. You must train yourself to be on a constant lookout, in reading and listening for any words that other people know and you do not. And try to absorb the fascinating new words you come across. Let them percolate in your mind. Learn the meanings of the words themselves, so you can throw them around in your everyday speech. Throw them about with abandon. As long as it sounds right and fitting, or even lyrical, nobody will even notice how differently you are beginning to speak. But can I learn vocabulary than listening and reading? Yes there is. There are some key points that will help you understand a word that you aren’t familiar with. Learning their Roots. Almost least half of the words in the English language are derived from Greek and Latin roots. Knowing these roots helps us to grasp the meaning of words before we look them up in the dictionary. It also helps us to see how words are often arranged in families with similar characteristics. Like when we hear or read something that has a “bio”, we think and understand that the word is about life because “bio” means life. Some common Greek and Latin roots: Root Meaning English words (source) aster, astr star astronomy, astrology (G) audi (L) to hear audible, auditorium bene (L) good, well benefit, benevolent bio (G) life biology, autobiography dic, dict (L) to speak dictionary, dictator fer (L) to carry transfer, referral fix (L) to fasten fix, suffix, affix geo (G) earth geography, geology
  5. 5. graph (G) to write graphic, photography jur, just (L) law jury, justice log, logue word, monolog(ue), astrology, (G) thought, biology, neologism speech luc (L) light lucid, translucent manu (L) hand manual, manuscript meter, metr measure metric, thermometer (G) op, oper (L) work operation, operator pathetic, sympathy, path (G) feeling empathy ped (G) child pediatrics, pedophile phil (G) love philosophy, Anglophile phys (G) body, nature physical, physics scrib, script to write scribble, manuscript (L) tele (G) far off telephone,television ter, terr (L) earth territory, extraterrestrial vac (L) empty vacant, vacuum, evacuate verb (L) word verbal, verbose vid, vis (L) to see video, vision, television Learning Prefix and Suffixes. Knowing the Greek and Latin roots of several prefixes and suffixes (beginning and endings attached to words) can also help us determine the meaning of words. Like in the word replay which means to play again, where “re” means again like in rewind. Prefixes showing quantity Meaning Prefixes in English Words half semiannual, hemisphere one unicycle, monarchy, monorail two binary, bimonthly, dilemma, dichotomy hundred century, centimeter, hectoliter thousand millimeter, kilometer
  6. 6. Prefixes showing negation without, no, asexual, anonymous, illegal, immoral, not invalid, irreverent, unskilled not, absence nonbreakable, antacid, antipathy, of, opposing, contradict against opposite to, counterclockwise, counterweight complement to do the dehorn, devitalize, devalue opposite of, remove, reduce do the disestablish, disarm opposite of, deprive of wrongly, bad misjudge, misdeed Prefixes showing time before antecedent, forecast, precede, prologue after postwar again rewrite, redundant Prefixes showing direction or position above, over supervise, supererogatory across, over transport, translate below, under infrasonic, infrastructure, subterranean, hypodermic in front of proceed, prefix behind recede out of erupt, explicit, ecstasy into injection, immerse, encourage, empower around circumnavigate, perimeter with coexist, colloquy, communicate, consequence, correspond, sympathy, synchronize Suffixes, on the other hand, modify the meaning of a word and frequently determine its function within a sentence. Take the noun nation, for example. With
  7. 7. suffixes, the word becomes the adjective national, the adverb nationally, and the verb nationalize. See what words you can come up with that use the following suffixes. • Typical noun suffixes are -ence, -ance, -or, -er, -ment, -list, -ism, -ship, -ency, -sion, -tion, -ness, -hood, -dom • Typical verb suffixes are -en, -ify, -ize, -ate • Typical adjective suffixes are -able, -ible, -al, -tial, -tic, -ly, -ful, -ous, -tive, -less, -ish, -ulent • The adverb suffix is -ly (although not all words that end in -ly are adverbs —like friendly) 5. Conclusion Expanding your vocabulary helps a person communicate and understand more. Vocabulary is typically learning some new words which may have a same meaning from what you already know. Learning more vocabulary also helps an individual to overcome their fear of reading comprehension, public speaking, reporting and writing. One will be self-confident as he or she presents his work that had become idealistic through his or her vocabulary the best possible way. Vocabulary can be learned not by only reading your dictionary but also being aware of your surroundings. Reading newspaper, magazine, novels and listening to public speakers also helps to expand your vocabulary. Learning words that you do not know References: 1. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis. p.19-25. 2. English worksheets by Calderon Educational Centre.
  8. 8. 3. How to Enrich your Vocabulary. http://www.ehow.com/how_2166566_enrich- your-vocabulary.html 4. Vocabulary. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vocabulary 5. Importance of a Good Vocabulary. http://www.yeartosuccess.com/members/y2s/blog/VIEW/00000013/00000129/Th e-Importance-of-a-Good-Vocabulary.html 6. The importance of Vocabulary. http://esl.fis.edu/parents/advice/vocab.htm 7. Dictionary. http://dictionary.reference.com/