Effective way to Enrich and Practice Vocabulary
2. The Importance of enriching your vocabulary
3. Types of vocabulary
4. How to build and enrich your vocabulary
This paper is about understanding what vocabulary is and how we could enrich
them. Expanding your vocabulary means learning new words and understanding more in
reading comprehension. This paper delivers the meaning, importance and how to build
Communication is an essential part of human interaction. The benefits of
effective communication are many and obvious as they enhance all aspects of
our personal and professional lives. Ineffective or misunderstood
communications in our personal lives may give rise to problems or
embarrassment but in our professional lives the results of misunderstandings
may have much more serious results.
There are several associated lexicographical terms that we meet when
studying languages. Those are a vocabulary, dictionary, thesaurus, lexicon, and
glossary. Needless to mention that these terms are often mixed up.
A person's vocabulary is the set of words they are familiar with in a
language. A vocabulary usually grows and evolves with age, and serves as a
useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge.
2. The importance of enriching your Vocabulary
Vocabulary Enrichment is important. Vocabulary is the words that are
stored or what we know. Words are the currency of communication. A robust
vocabulary improves all areas of communication like listening, speaking, reading
and writing. People may judge you by means of your vocabulary and how you
use them. And an extensive vocabulary aids expressions and communication.
3. Ways we learn Vocabulary
A person's reading vocabulary is all the words he or she can
recognize when reading.
This is the most simple because this is aided by our visual eyes.
And as we know, we always encounter thousands of words, phrases,
lines, icons, graphics, etc. with our eyes as we look around.
A person's listening vocabulary is all the words he or she can
recognize when listening to speech. This vocabulary is aided in size by
context and tone of voice.
A person's writing vocabulary is all the words he or she can employ
in writing. Contrary to the previous two vocabulary types, the writing
vocabulary is stimulated by its user.
The greatest way to express your vocabulary well is in
speech writing, essays, research, advertisements and letters. In this way
we can make our written work more colorful and interesting.
A person's speaking vocabulary is all the words he or she can use
in speech. Due to the spontaneous nature of the speaking vocabulary,
words are often misused. This misuse – though slight and unintentional –
may be compensated by facial expressions, tone of voice, or hand
This also shows how educated or how proper you choose your
words. Like for example, it’s better to say undergarments that underwear,
because some words are vulgar.
4. How to Build and enrich more your Vocabulary
Building your Vocabulary is way too easy than learning mathematics. We
use them often than computing numbers. But in learning new words, one should
be actively receptive to new words. Words won’t come chasing after you. You
must train yourself to be on a constant lookout, in reading and listening for any
words that other people know and you do not. And try to absorb the fascinating
new words you come across. Let them percolate in your mind. Learn the
meanings of the words themselves, so you can throw them around in your
everyday speech. Throw them about with abandon. As long as it sounds right
and fitting, or even lyrical, nobody will even notice how differently you are
beginning to speak.
But can I learn vocabulary than listening and reading? Yes there is. There
are some key points that will help you understand a word that you aren’t familiar
Learning their Roots. Almost least half of the words in the English
language are derived from Greek and Latin roots. Knowing these roots helps us
to grasp the meaning of words before we look them up in the dictionary. It also
helps us to see how words are often arranged in families with similar
characteristics. Like when we hear or read something that has a “bio”, we think
and understand that the word is about life because “bio” means life.
Some common Greek and Latin roots:
Meaning English words
star astronomy, astrology
audi (L) to hear audible, auditorium
bene (L) good, well benefit, benevolent
bio (G) life biology, autobiography
dic, dict (L) to speak dictionary, dictator
fer (L) to carry transfer, referral
fix (L) to fasten fix, suffix, affix
geo (G) earth geography, geology
graph (G) to write graphic, photography
jur, just (L) law jury, justice
log, logue word, monolog(ue), astrology,
(G) thought, biology, neologism
luc (L) light lucid, translucent
manu (L) hand manual, manuscript
measure metric, thermometer
op, oper (L) work operation, operator
path (G) feeling
ped (G) child pediatrics, pedophile
phil (G) love philosophy, Anglophile
phys (G) body, nature physical, physics
to write scribble, manuscript
tele (G) far off telephone,television
ter, terr (L) earth territory, extraterrestrial
vac (L) empty vacant, vacuum, evacuate
verb (L) word verbal, verbose
vid, vis (L) to see video, vision, television
Learning Prefix and Suffixes. Knowing the Greek and Latin roots of
several prefixes and suffixes (beginning and endings attached to words) can also
help us determine the meaning of words. Like in the word replay which means to
play again, where “re” means again like in rewind.
Prefixes showing quantity
Meaning Prefixes in English Words
half semiannual, hemisphere
one unicycle, monarchy, monorail
two binary, bimonthly, dilemma, dichotomy
hundred century, centimeter, hectoliter
thousand millimeter, kilometer
Prefixes showing negation
without, no, asexual, anonymous, illegal, immoral,
not invalid, irreverent, unskilled
not, absence nonbreakable, antacid, antipathy,
of, opposing, contradict
opposite to, counterclockwise, counterweight
do the dehorn, devitalize, devalue
do the disestablish, disarm
wrongly, bad misjudge, misdeed
Prefixes showing time
before antecedent, forecast, precede, prologue
again rewrite, redundant
Prefixes showing direction or position
above, over supervise, supererogatory
across, over transport, translate
below, under infrasonic, infrastructure, subterranean,
in front of proceed, prefix
out of erupt, explicit, ecstasy
into injection, immerse, encourage, empower
around circumnavigate, perimeter
with coexist, colloquy, communicate,
consequence, correspond, sympathy,
Suffixes, on the other hand, modify the meaning of a word and frequently
determine its function within a sentence. Take the noun nation, for example. With
suffixes, the word becomes the adjective national, the adverb nationally, and the
See what words you can come up with that use the following suffixes.
• Typical noun suffixes are -ence, -ance, -or, -er, -ment, -list, -ism, -ship,
-ency, -sion, -tion, -ness, -hood, -dom
• Typical verb suffixes are -en, -ify, -ize, -ate
• Typical adjective suffixes are -able, -ible, -al, -tial, -tic, -ly, -ful, -ous, -tive,
-less, -ish, -ulent
• The adverb suffix is -ly (although not all words that end in -ly are adverbs
Expanding your vocabulary helps a person communicate and understand
more. Vocabulary is typically learning some new words which may have a same
meaning from what you already know. Learning more vocabulary also helps an
individual to overcome their fear of reading comprehension, public speaking,
reporting and writing. One will be self-confident as he or she presents his work
that had become idealistic through his or her vocabulary the best possible way.
Vocabulary can be learned not by only reading your dictionary but also
being aware of your surroundings. Reading newspaper, magazine, novels and
listening to public speakers also helps to expand your vocabulary. Learning
words that you do not know
1. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis. p.19-25.
2. English worksheets by Calderon Educational Centre.
3. How to Enrich your Vocabulary. http://www.ehow.com/how_2166566_enrich-
4. Vocabulary. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vocabulary
5. Importance of a Good Vocabulary.
6. The importance of Vocabulary. http://esl.fis.edu/parents/advice/vocab.htm
7. Dictionary. http://dictionary.reference.com/