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Fauna and Flora's Approach to Conservation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Fauna Flora International has engaged Forest Carbon, a leading forestry and REDD project consulting company to develop three REDD plus projects in West Kalimantan. …

Fauna Flora International has engaged Forest Carbon, a leading forestry and REDD project consulting company to develop three REDD plus projects in West Kalimantan.

Forest Carbon: www.forest-carbon.org

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  • Discuss FFI and Forest Carbon Partnership on carbon project development. Forest Carbon has worked on pioneering REDD projects in Indonesia including the Rimba Raya project in central Kalimantan. FFI specializes in biodiversity conservation and has been working in Indonesia for many years.
  • The map depicts the Sentap Kancang – Gunung Palung Ecological Corridor
  • This map show how Riam Berasap is located on critical peat forest corridor in west kalimantan.
  • The picture on the right are of the HCVF and Carbon Stock Assessment trainings held in Ketapang in July, 2010. The two lower photos are of FFI’s team using local community members.
  • This map depicts an accurate land cover classification through analysis of SPOT 4 and SPOT 5 imagery using Ecognition Software for delineation of forest areas. Degradation is occurring on the edges of the forest as the area develops further.
  • Note: after 10 yrs, bottom section is shaded because will need to be re-verified with new baseline, shouldn't use beyond 10 yrs.
  • This is a general map of the Pematung Gadung area. FFI plans to begin serious work on this area in January where it will collaborate with local communities on the development of village forests within this large land area. The map shows a SPOT 5, 2.5 meter resolution image.
  • Here you have a map that shows land planning for West Kalimantan. The map shows that most land is slated for Oil Palm Conversion
  • Map show the draft carbon accounting area and Peat layers as mapped by Wetlands international.
  • Assumes that first year company only capable of constructing drainage in 1,000 ha while in 2nd year area increases to 2,000/ha. Note: after 10 yrs, bottom section is shaded because will need to be re-verified with new baseline, shouldn't use beyond 10 yrs.
  • Transcript

    • 1. REDD+: A Strategy to Conserve Village Forests in West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    • 2. A Landscape Approach to Conservation West Kalimantan Goal: Preserve connectivity between Gunung Palung National Park and Sentap Kancang in West Kalimantan. Strategy: 1. Work with communities to develop village forests. – Assist in land tenure rights. – Conduct carbon stock assessments. – Train local people in carbon stock assessments. 2. Engage palm oil estates on land management. – Maps HCVF Areas. – Develop REDD Projects within concessions.
    • 3. Riam Berasap Village Forest Case Study Why is Riam Berasap Important? • Community Motivation: Plans for oil palm conversion were abandoned after community members protested. • Biodiversity: Part of the forested corridor linking important orangutan populations in Sentap Kacang and Gunung Palung. • Dependency on the Forest: Community harvests non-timber forest products. • High Carbon Stocks: Forest is on medium depth peat. • Continued Threat: Slated for conversion for new transmigration settlements.
    • 4. Local Communities as Environmental Stewards: FFI seeks to prepare local communities to become active participants in conservation. Community Engagement Strategy: – Conduct a series of community training sessions on HCVF identification and carbon stock assessment techniques. – Hire local people to assist in carbon stock inventories. – Work with community leaders on engaging district level government. – Ensure that community members have given prior and informed consent.
    • 5. Riam Berasap Community Forest Land Cover Classification Map • Land Area: 633 hectares • Majority of the high density peat forest is still in tack. • Located in important peat forest corridor. • Low levels of degradation on the edges of the village forest. • Proximity to new roads and towns put the forest under threat of further development.
    • 6. Riam Berasap: Carbon Emission Baseline and Revenue Estimates Explanation of Emission Estimates: • Initial emissions from timber extraction. • Slash wood is burned creating emissions. • Palm growth included to account for potential small holder system. • Drainage causes peat oxidation over the entire project life. • Peat burning occurs during initial years of clearance. Carbon Revenue Potential: • 3 Pricing Scenarios: $2.5; $5; $10/Metric Ton. • Potential revenue for 30 year project: $17,849,669 USD.
    • 7. Riam Berasap: Next Steps • Work with local government to secure community land tenure of the village forest. • Engage investors on REDD project development and credit purchases. • Finalize carbon stock estimations and REDD project documents. • Develop carbon revenue sharing mechanism.
    • 8. Pematung Gadung Community Forest Area • Part of extended corridor located south of Ketapang. • 29,000 Hectares. • Communities motivated for conservation. • Multiple drivers of deforestation (Logging, oil palm, mining). • Consists of peat forests. • Areas of high biodiversity.
    • 9. Why does FFI engage palm oil companies on conservation? • Threat of palm oil development in the corridor is clear. • Majority of region slated for palm oil conversion. • Palm estates have a huge impact on local community livelihoods and access to the forest. • Concession areas are critical habitat for orangutans and other endangered species.
    • 10. REDD+ within Palm Oil Concession Goal: Create model to use REDD+ to finance conservation of HCV areas within palm oil concessions. Initial Analysis: • HCVF Surveys confirm that parts of the concession are critical orangutan habitat. • Deep peat areas mapped by ANJ and surveyed by FFI scientific teams. • Draft Carbon Accounting Area (7000 hectares) designed to preserve critical habitat, deep peat, and connectivity. • GHG Emission Reductions from the Carbon Accounting Area could total 18,000,000 tons CO2e.
    • 11. PT KAL: Carbon Emission Baseline and Revenue Estimates Explanation of Emission Estimates: • Initial emissions from timber extraction. • Slash wood is burned creating emissions. • Peat Drainage causes peat oxidation over the entire life of the project. • Peat burning occurs during initial years of clearance. • Emissions modeled over 30 year period. Carbon Revenue Potential: • 3 Pricing Scenarios: $2.5; $5; $10/Metric Ton. • Potential revenue for 30 year project: $182,700,000 USD.
    • 12. REDD+ within Palm Oil: Next Steps • Create community development plan. • Engage communities and gain local support for REDD project. • Develop REDD revenue sharing mechanism. • Refine carbon accounting area based on ecological, technical and social assessments. • Develop project documents under the Voluntary Carbon Standard and Community, Climate, and Biodiversity Alliance
    • 13. Carbon Market Strategy Why does FFI develop REDD projects under the VCS? • VCS is scientifically robust. • Double validated methodologies exist for peat forests in Southeast Asia. • VCS credits are trusted by major corporations and banks for offset requirements. (i.e Macquerie, Gazprom, Shell) • Multiple VCS projects in the pipeline in Indonesia. (i.e Rimba Raya, Kapuas Hulu, Ulu Masen) www.v-c-s.org
    • 14. Acknowledgements: REDD + Technical Partner: www.forest-carbon.org Jeffrey Chatellier j.chatellier@forest-carbon.org

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