Jeff Hirsche - Secret Garden

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Jeff Hirsche - Secret Garden

  1. 1. The Role ofFemininity in The Secret Garden Jeff Hirsche http://l.yimg.com/g/images/spaceout.gif
  2. 2. Masculinity vs. Femininity in The Secret Garden Male associated with society Society is a negative force i.e. Cholera hits places where many people are gathered (Burnett, 1911, pp. 596-597) http://www.askart.com/AskART/photos/CNY5232001/105 .jpg Female associated with nature Nature is a positive force http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Gustave_Caillebotte_- _Jour_de_pluie_à_Paris.jpg/786px-Gustave_Caillebotte_- i.e. Mrs. Lennox was _Jour_de_pluie_à_Paris.jpg warned to flee to the hills to escape the plague (p.
  3. 3. Society’s Negative SideSociety andCulture, themasculinedomain, isdepicted in a Cholera kills largenegative light gatherings of people, causing desolation (pp. 596-597) Mary’s parents too busy with work and parties to http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/hockney/hockney.furstenberg- be good parents (p. 595) paris.jpg Archibald Craven supplies doctors and luxuries, but none of these help Colin’s recovery (p. 612.)
  4. 4. Nature’s Positive RoleNature, although at times perceived negatively... Mary is teased for being “quite contrary,” which includes references to cockle shells and marigolds—symbols of nature (p. 598) Some people think that the country manor Misselthwaite, located in a moor, is too dreary to improve children (p. 599) ...has a positive role Mary, although surrounded by death, is not frightened—and seemingly comforted—by a snake (p. 597) The robin befriends the lonely— nature (pp. 607-608) Garden’s ability to heal Colin (pp. 613-615)http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/landscape-at-cagnes-pierre-auguste-renoir.jpg
  5. 5. For the Female ReaderAccording to Foster andSimons (1995), The SecretGarden has mainly appealedto female readers because ofthe following values: A focus on “personal and family values” over community ones An “emphasis on nurturing” “The importance of a mother figure” “The empowering role of of the imagination in personal development” • (p. 174) http://cdnimg.visualizeus.com/thumbs/5f/80/art,female,painting,pAnd this point is relevant ortrait-5f803aa2898919ada367aac589e5582f_h.jpg
  6. 6. The Importance of these Themes ...the feminine values allow the main characters to heal and grow Mary’s disposition and health become more agreeable as “her mind gradually filled itself with robins, and moorland cottages crowded with children... With springtime and with secret gardens coming alive...” (Burnett, p. 609) Colin’s health is likewise benefited by his play in the garden, which ultimately brings Mr. Craven out of hishttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/L%27enfant_au_Tablier_Rouge.jpg melancholy also Also...
  7. 7. Healing Values continued...Simons and Foster point outthat contemporary novels such as Peter Pan, The Secret Garden focuses Unlike on collective play between boys and girls (p. 175) This play occurs in the feminine sphere of the garden, emphasizing the feminine role of cooperationHowever, The race between the children in the concluding chapter in which Colin wins instigates a return to the sphere of society (p. 175) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/98 /VanGoghIrises2.jpg/760px-VanGoghIrises2.jpg
  8. 8. Masculinity Evidently, the healing that the feminine sphere of nature provides allows for the building up of masculinity Colin describes his own masculinity as a result of the garden: “It was the garden that did it—and Mary and Dickon and the creatures—and the Magic... I’m well, I can beat Mary in a race. I’m going to be an athlete.”http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Seurat_bathers.png/800px-Seurat_bathers.png
  9. 9. Mr. Craven Mr. Craven does not display extremely masculine qualities; in fact, his role can be perceived in several lights: A kind of romantic figure, wandering aimlessly over his dead love A terrible father, only providing for his son’s material needs while neglecting his social or parental needshttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Caspar_David_Friedrich_032.jpg/300px-Caspar_David_Friedrich_032.jpg
  10. 10. Identity LostEssentially, Mr. Craven lost hisidentity when he lost thefeminine influence in his life He was unsure how to be a proper father He was incapable of accepting a new feminine role into his life He shut away the garden, his link to memories of a positive feminine role http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f4/The_Scream.jpg/475px- The_Scream.jpg
  11. 11. Identity FoundWhen his link to femininityreturned, Mr. Craven regainedhis identity He was unsure how to be a proper father He was incapable of accepting a new feminine role into his life He shut away the garden, his link to memories of a positive feminine role http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/66/Hand_with_Reflecting_Sphere. jpg
  12. 12. Femininity and its RoleEssentially, femininity’s role is to allow for growth andhealing femininity allows him to grow healthy For Colin, For Mr. Craven, femininity allows him to regain his identity For Mary, femininity allows her to socialize http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Edouard_Manet%2C_A_Bar_at_the _Folies-Bergère.jpg/800px-Edouard_Manet%2C_A_Bar_at_the_Folies-Bergère.jpg
  13. 13. Femininity and its RoleWhen the garden is hid away, the balance between nature(feminine) and society (masculine) is askew http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Monet_Waterlilypond_1926.jpgWhen no longer concealed, the gendered spheres are backin balance, and the characters function more healthily
  14. 14. ReferencesBanksy. (Artist). (2005). Untitled. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://l.yimg.com/g/images/spaceout.gifCambier, G. (Artist). (n.d.). Untitled. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://cdnimg.visualizeus.com/thumbs/5f/80/art,female,painting,portrait-5f803aa2898919ada367aac589e5582f_h.jpgEscher, M. C. (Artist). (1935). Hand with reflecting sphere. [Lithograph]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/66/Hand_with_Reflecting_Sphere.jpgFoster, S., & Simons, J. (1995). What katy read: Feminist re-readings of classic stories for girls. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press. Retrieved fromhttp://books.google.ca/books?id=gWJMOEFNG1AC&pg=PA172&dq=burnett secret garden feminism&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jk_uT9HLC6uN6AH9mfX1BA&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQFriedrich, C. D. (Artist). (1818). Wanderer above the sea of fog. [Painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Caspar_David_Friedrich_032.jpg/300px-Caspar_David_Friedrich_032.jpgHockney, D. (Photographer). (1985). Place Furstenberg, Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985. [Photographic collage]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/hockney/hockney.furstenberg-paris.jpgManet, E. (Artist). (1881-1882). A bar at the folies-bergere. [Painting]. Retrieved fromhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Edouard_Manet,_A_Bar_at_the_Folies-Bergère.jpg/800px-Edouard_Manet,_A_Bar_at_the_Folies-Bergère.jpgMonet, C. (Artist). (c. 1915-1926). Water-lily pond. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Monet_Waterlilypond_1926.jpgMorisot, B. (Artist). (1886). Child with a red apron. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Lenfant_au_Tablier_Rouge.jpgMunch, E. (Artist). (1893). The scream. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f4/The_Scream.jpg/475px-The_Scream.jpgOKeeffe, G. (Artist). (1928). Calla lilies with red anemone. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://www.askart.com/AskART/photos/CNY5232001/105.jpgRenoir, P. A. (Artist). (1905). Landscape at Cagnes. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/landscape-at-cagnes-pierre-auguste-renoir.jpgSeurat, G. (Artist). (1884). Bathers at Asnieres. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Seurat_bathers.png/800px-Seurat_bathers.pngStahl, J. D., Hanlon, T. L., & Keyser, E. L. (2007). The Secret Garden. Crosscurrents of childrens literature: an anthology of texts and criticism (pp. 595-615). New York: Oxford University Press.Van Gogh, V. (Artist). (1889). Irises. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/98/VanGoghIrises2.jpg/760px-VanGoghIrises2.jpg

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