Apagriculture 100320045206-phpapp02

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  • 1. 1 1 ANDHRA PRADESH AGRICULTURE
  • 2. 1 2  5th Largest in India both in terms of geographical area and population  Close to 19 % of the State’s GDP is from Agriculture & Horticulture  Agriculture provides employment to 65% of the State population STATE – BACKGROUND
  • 3. 1 3 District wise Map of Andhra Pradesh
  • 4. 1 4 Food and Non Food Crops • Food Crops • Rice • Wheat • Jowar • Bazra • Sugarcane • Cash Crops • Tobacco • Groundnut • Cotton • Chillies • Oilseeds
  • 5. 1 5
  • 6. 1 6
  • 7. 1 7
  • 8. 1 8 NORMAL AREA UNDER DIFFERENT CROPS IN THE STATE Kharif Rabi Total 1 2 3 4 5 1 Paddy 24.99 10.76 35.75 2 Sorghum 3.00 3.65 6.65 3 Maize 4.20 1.11 5.31 4 Other millets 0.55 0.38 0.93 5 Pulses 9.64 9.86 19.5 6 Oilseeds 20.78 5.59 26.37 7 Cotton 9.55 0.08 9.63 8 Sugarcane 2.24 0 2.24 9 Mesta 0.75 0 0.75 10 Other Crops 3.82 1.73 5.55 79.52 33.16 112.68 Area in ha. CropS.No. Total Agricultural Crops Major crops : Paddy, Oilseeds (Groundnut & Sunflower),Cotton
  • 9. 1 9 Source wise Irrigation (Lakh ha.) S.No Source Gross area Irrigated 1 Canals 14.82 2 Tanks 4.52 3 Tube Wells 16.01 24.79 4 Other wells 8.78 5 Other sources 1.51 Total 55% irrigation is power intensive 45.36
  • 10. 1 10 RAINFALL - 2004-05 MONSOON NORMAL (in m.m) ACTUAL (in m.m) %of deviation a)South-West Monsoon (1.06.04 to 30.09.04) 624.4 478.5 -23% b) North-East Monsoon (1.10.04 to 31.12.04) 224.4 133 -41% c) Winter period (1.01.04 to 28.02.05) 13.4 9.5 -29% d) Hot weather period (1.03.05 to 16.03.05) 7.0 2.9 -59% TOTAL RAINFALL 868.6 623.9 -28%
  • 11. 1 11 Weekly Rainfall - kharif 2004 0 20 40 60 80 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Weeks June -1 to 4, July- 5 to 8, Aug- 9 to 12 & Sep- 13 to 17 Rainfallinmm Normal Actual Moisture Stress from week 10 to 13(August & September)
  • 12. 1 12 Sl. No Crop Normal Area Area Sown in Lakh Ha Normal Production Lakh Ha. Actual Production Lakh Ha 1 Paddy 24.99 21.37 65.37 65.29 2 Coarse grain 9.53 9.00 16.57 15.13 3 Pulses 9.64 8.63 3.93 4.27 4 Oilseeds 20.77 23.41 11.22 15.86 5 Cotton 9.55 11.42 16.19 27.81 6 Other Commerci al Crops 5.04 4.46 182.26 162.19 TOTAL 79.52 78.29 295.54 290.55 AREA AND PRODUCTION FOR KHARIF 2004
  • 13. 1 13 Productivity trends in Kharif 2004 S.No Crop Yields(kg/ha) Normal Kharif-03 Kharif,04 1 Paddy 2624 2772 3055 2 Cotton 287 384 414 3 Redgram 400 418 588 4 Groundnut 597 482 684 5 Castor 337 453 547 6 Sugarcane 76488 72115 75850Adequate supply of credit enabling farmers to apply recommended dosage of inputs Timely supply of seeds Frequent checks on quality of inputs(seeds, fertilizers& pesticides) Timely advise on plant protection measures Low humidity climate.
  • 14. 1 14 CROP MOVEMENT TRENDS IN KHARIF 2004 COMPARED TO KHARIF 2003  Increase in cotton areas from 8.37 lakh ha to 11.44 lakh ha  Increase in Groundnut areas from 12.58 lakh ha to 15.95 lakh ha  Increase in Sesamum (Gingelly) areas from1.14 lakh ha to 1.72 lakh ha.  Increase in Soybean area from 0.68 lakh ha to 0.91 lakh ha  Increase in castor area from 2.91 lakh ha 3.19 lakh ha Decrease in paddy area
  • 15. 1 15 Sl. No Crop Normal Area Area Sown in Lakh Ha Normal Production Lakh Ha. Actual Production Lakh Ha 1 Paddy 10.76 8.42 36.16 29.78 2 Coarse grain 5.14 4.91 9.05 9.86 3 Pulses 9.86 8.71 6.66 6.85 4 Oilseeds 5.59 7.17 5.76 8.68 5 Commerci al Crops 1.81 2.12 5.71 5.41 TOTAL 33.16 31.33 63.34 60.58 AREA AND PRODUCTION FOR RABI 2004 - 05
  • 16. 1 16 Food grains decrease from 25.76 to22.04 lakh ha Oilseeds increase from 5.59 to7.17 lakh ha Commercial crops increase from 1.81 to2.12 lakh ha Decrease in paddy area CROP MOVEMENT TRENDS IN RABI 2004-05 COMPARED TO RABI 2003 -04
  • 17. 1 17