Culture

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CULTURAL CONCEPS
TRANS CULTURAL NURSING

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Culture

  1. 1. CULTURE By Ms.Jeena Aejy MS(N)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Included in cultural diversity are people of varying racial classification and national origin , religious affiliation, language , physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age disability, socio economic status , occupational status and geographic location </li></ul>
  3. 3. CONCEPTS OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY <ul><ul><li>Our society is made up of people from many different culturally diverse background. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. http://www.photohouston.com/Mexican_culture/Mexican_culture.html
  5. 5. CULTURE <ul><li>A SHARED SYSTEM OF BELIEFS, VALUES AND BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS THAT PROVIDE SOCIAL STRUCTURE FOR DAILY LIVING.IT INCLUDES BELIEFS, HABITS, LIKES, DISLIKES CUSTOMS AND RITUALS. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Culture is the learned, shared, and transmitted values, beliefs, norms, and lifeways of a particular group that guide their thinking, decisions, and actions in patterned ways. </li></ul>
  7. 8. CULTURAL DIVERSITY <ul><ul><li>Diverse groups in society,with racial classification and national origin,religious affiliation, language, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socio economic status, occupational status and geographic location. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. SUBCULTURE <ul><li>A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO ARE MEMBERS OF A LARGER CULTURAL GROUP BUT HAVE CERTAIN ETHIC, OCCUPATIONAL OR PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS NOT COMMON TO LARGER CULTURE. </li></ul>
  9. 12. DOMINANT GROUP <ul><li>A GROUP WITHIN A COUNTRY OR SOCIETY THAT HAS THE MOST AUTHORITY TO CONTROL VALUES AND SANCTIONS. </li></ul>
  10. 13. MINORITY GROUPS <ul><li>MOST OFTEN HAS SOME PHYSICAL OR CULTURAL CHARACTERISTIC THAT IDENTIFIES THE PEOPLE WITH IT AS DIFFERENT </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>CULTURAL ASSIMILATION </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN MEMBERS OF A MINORITY GROUP LIVE WITHIN A DOMINENT GROUP AND LOSE THE CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT MADE THEM DIFFERENT. </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL SHOCK </li></ul><ul><li>THE FEELING A PERSON EXPERIENCES WHEN PLACED IN A DIFFERENT CULTURE. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>RACE : racial categories are based on specific physical characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>STERIOTYPING: Assuming that all members of a culture, subculture or ethnic group act alike. </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL IMPOSITION: The belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>CULTURE CONFLICT: The state that occurs when people become aware of cultural differences and proceeding as though they do not exist. </li></ul><ul><li>PERSONAL SPACE : The area around a person regarded as part of the person; varying among people and cultural and ethnic groups. </li></ul>
  14. 17. ETHINICITY <ul><li>THE SENSE OF IDENTIFICATION WITH A COLLECTIVE CULTURAL GROUP,LARGELY BASED ON THE GROUP’S COMMON HERITAGE . </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>EHINICITY INCLUDES LANGUAGE AND DIALECT, RELIGIOUS PRACTICE, LITERATURE, MUSIC,FOLKLORE, POLITICAL INTERESTS, FOOD PREFERENCES AND EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>ETHNOCENTRISM: The belief that one’s ideas believes practices are the best , are superior, or are most preferred to those of others. </li></ul>
  17. 20. CULTURAL INFLUENCES ON HEALTH CARE <ul><li>Skin colour : e.g. anemic pallor, cyanosis and jaundice. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and development : tempo of growth , shape( Asian , African, Europeans….) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological characteristics : </li></ul>
  18. 21. CULTURALLY COMPETENT NURSING CARE <ul><li>Providing culturally competent nursing care means that care is planned and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of the individuals families and groups from diverse cultural populations with in society . </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>LENINGER defined Trans cultural nursing as a comparative study of cultures to understand similarities and differences across human group </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of trans cultural nursing is culturally congruent care. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Transcultural Nursing and Global Health
  21. 24. Transcultural Nursing <ul><li>Transcultural nursing focuses on holistic and comprehensive ways to know and serve people’s health care needs. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Transcultural Concepts <ul><li>Generic care </li></ul><ul><li>Professional care </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural imposition </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural bias </li></ul>
  23. 26. Transcultural Concepts <ul><li>Cultural ignorance </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural shock </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural pain </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural variation </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotyping </li></ul>
  24. 27. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>All human cultures have diverse living, caring, and healing modes that nurses must understand to work effectively with people </li></ul><ul><li>Care is a basic human need and is the dominant focus of nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding one’s own culture is the first essential expectation to understand other cultures </li></ul>
  25. 28. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>People have a right to have their cultural values known, respected, understood, and used in nursing and health care services </li></ul><ul><li>Transcultural nursing is concerned with comparative values, beliefs, and practices of specific cultures to provide meaningful, safe, and specific health care practices </li></ul>
  26. 29. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>Nurses use humanistic and scientific cultural care knowledge to provide care to people of different cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding culture care differences and similarities enables the nurse to respect clients and assist them to grow, maintain well-being, and prevent illness or premature death </li></ul>
  27. 30. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>A nurse’s ability to speak the client’s cultural language opens the door to understanding what the client is seeking or experiencing </li></ul><ul><li>If the client’s cultural lifeways, values, and expressions do not immediately “make sense,” the nurse must continue to try to understand </li></ul>
  28. 31. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>In every culture, care, healing, and health practices are influenced by worldviews, environmental context, and social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures usually have two major types of health care systems: generic and professional </li></ul>
  29. 32. Transcultural Nursing Principles <ul><li>Cultures have their own culturally defined ways to promote and maintain health, face death, and deal with unfavorable conditions and crises </li></ul><ul><li>Health care practices in Western and non-Western cultures have major differences that need to be understood when planning and providing care </li></ul>
  30. 33. A Role for Nurses <ul><li>Need expanding focus to consider the effects of global health issues on nursing practice </li></ul>
  31. 34. It is important to recognize that there are differences among groups and individuals. <ul><li>The nurse should not extend a stereotype or generalize common characteristics of a group to all members associated with that group. </li></ul>
  32. 35. <ul><li>IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF PATIENT CARE REDUCE HEALTH DISPARITIES ENHANCE CULTURAL COMPETENCE PROMOTE MULTICULTURAL HARMONY </li></ul>
  33. 36. Thank you

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