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Culture

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CULTURAL CONCEPS …

CULTURAL CONCEPS
TRANS CULTURAL NURSING

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  • 1. CULTURE By Ms.Jeena Aejy MS(N)
  • 2.
    • Included in cultural diversity are people of varying racial classification and national origin , religious affiliation, language , physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age disability, socio economic status , occupational status and geographic location
  • 3. CONCEPTS OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY
      • Our society is made up of people from many different culturally diverse background.
  • 4. http://www.photohouston.com/Mexican_culture/Mexican_culture.html
  • 5. CULTURE
    • A SHARED SYSTEM OF BELIEFS, VALUES AND BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS THAT PROVIDE SOCIAL STRUCTURE FOR DAILY LIVING.IT INCLUDES BELIEFS, HABITS, LIKES, DISLIKES CUSTOMS AND RITUALS.
  • 6. Culture
    • Culture is the learned, shared, and transmitted values, beliefs, norms, and lifeways of a particular group that guide their thinking, decisions, and actions in patterned ways.
  • 7.  
  • 8. CULTURAL DIVERSITY
      • Diverse groups in society,with racial classification and national origin,religious affiliation, language, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socio economic status, occupational status and geographic location.
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. SUBCULTURE
    • A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO ARE MEMBERS OF A LARGER CULTURAL GROUP BUT HAVE CERTAIN ETHIC, OCCUPATIONAL OR PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS NOT COMMON TO LARGER CULTURE.
  • 12. DOMINANT GROUP
    • A GROUP WITHIN A COUNTRY OR SOCIETY THAT HAS THE MOST AUTHORITY TO CONTROL VALUES AND SANCTIONS.
  • 13. MINORITY GROUPS
    • MOST OFTEN HAS SOME PHYSICAL OR CULTURAL CHARACTERISTIC THAT IDENTIFIES THE PEOPLE WITH IT AS DIFFERENT
  • 14.
    • CULTURAL ASSIMILATION
    • WHEN MEMBERS OF A MINORITY GROUP LIVE WITHIN A DOMINENT GROUP AND LOSE THE CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT MADE THEM DIFFERENT.
    • CULTURAL SHOCK
    • THE FEELING A PERSON EXPERIENCES WHEN PLACED IN A DIFFERENT CULTURE.
  • 15.
    • RACE : racial categories are based on specific physical characteristics.
    • STERIOTYPING: Assuming that all members of a culture, subculture or ethnic group act alike.
    • CULTURAL IMPOSITION: The belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system
  • 16.
    • CULTURE CONFLICT: The state that occurs when people become aware of cultural differences and proceeding as though they do not exist.
    • PERSONAL SPACE : The area around a person regarded as part of the person; varying among people and cultural and ethnic groups.
  • 17. ETHINICITY
    • THE SENSE OF IDENTIFICATION WITH A COLLECTIVE CULTURAL GROUP,LARGELY BASED ON THE GROUP’S COMMON HERITAGE .
    • .
  • 18.
    • EHINICITY INCLUDES LANGUAGE AND DIALECT, RELIGIOUS PRACTICE, LITERATURE, MUSIC,FOLKLORE, POLITICAL INTERESTS, FOOD PREFERENCES AND EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS
  • 19.
    • ETHNOCENTRISM: The belief that one’s ideas believes practices are the best , are superior, or are most preferred to those of others.
  • 20. CULTURAL INFLUENCES ON HEALTH CARE
    • Skin colour : e.g. anemic pallor, cyanosis and jaundice.
    • Growth and development : tempo of growth , shape( Asian , African, Europeans….)
    • Psychological characteristics :
  • 21. CULTURALLY COMPETENT NURSING CARE
    • Providing culturally competent nursing care means that care is planned and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of the individuals families and groups from diverse cultural populations with in society .
  • 22.
    • LENINGER defined Trans cultural nursing as a comparative study of cultures to understand similarities and differences across human group
    • The goal of trans cultural nursing is culturally congruent care.
  • 23. Transcultural Nursing and Global Health
  • 24. Transcultural Nursing
    • Transcultural nursing focuses on holistic and comprehensive ways to know and serve people’s health care needs.
  • 25. Transcultural Concepts
    • Generic care
    • Professional care
    • Ethnocentrism
    • Cultural imposition
    • Cultural bias
  • 26. Transcultural Concepts
    • Cultural ignorance
    • Cultural shock
    • Cultural pain
    • Cultural variation
    • Cultural barriers
    • Stereotyping
  • 27. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • All human cultures have diverse living, caring, and healing modes that nurses must understand to work effectively with people
    • Care is a basic human need and is the dominant focus of nursing
    • Understanding one’s own culture is the first essential expectation to understand other cultures
  • 28. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • People have a right to have their cultural values known, respected, understood, and used in nursing and health care services
    • Transcultural nursing is concerned with comparative values, beliefs, and practices of specific cultures to provide meaningful, safe, and specific health care practices
  • 29. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • Nurses use humanistic and scientific cultural care knowledge to provide care to people of different cultures
    • Understanding culture care differences and similarities enables the nurse to respect clients and assist them to grow, maintain well-being, and prevent illness or premature death
  • 30. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • A nurse’s ability to speak the client’s cultural language opens the door to understanding what the client is seeking or experiencing
    • If the client’s cultural lifeways, values, and expressions do not immediately “make sense,” the nurse must continue to try to understand
  • 31. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • In every culture, care, healing, and health practices are influenced by worldviews, environmental context, and social structure
    • Cultures usually have two major types of health care systems: generic and professional
  • 32. Transcultural Nursing Principles
    • Cultures have their own culturally defined ways to promote and maintain health, face death, and deal with unfavorable conditions and crises
    • Health care practices in Western and non-Western cultures have major differences that need to be understood when planning and providing care
  • 33. A Role for Nurses
    • Need expanding focus to consider the effects of global health issues on nursing practice
  • 34. It is important to recognize that there are differences among groups and individuals.
    • The nurse should not extend a stereotype or generalize common characteristics of a group to all members associated with that group.
  • 35.
    • IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF PATIENT CARE REDUCE HEALTH DISPARITIES ENHANCE CULTURAL COMPETENCE PROMOTE MULTICULTURAL HARMONY
  • 36. Thank you

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