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Gothic Architecture
 

Gothic Architecture

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    Gothic Architecture Gothic Architecture Presentation Transcript

    • GOTHICARCHITECTUREMedieval Architecture (12th century Europe)
    • Gothic ArchitectureAuthentic Gothic revival during the mid-18thcentury brought to the forefront many Europeanecclesiastical and university structures.The style displays overtones of spiral work andsteeples, columns and extravagant ceilings andpointed roof designs.Gothic architecture is common to most survivingcathedrals, churches and abbeys of Europe.
    • Elements of the Gothic Architecture Stained Pointed Gothic Gothic Flying Gargoyles GlassPinnacles Arch Vault Buttresses Windows
    • Pointed Pinnacles Enables Add strength buildings to and stability to reach new the structure heights To make it look light
    • Pointed PinnaclesCathedrale Saint-Etienne de Bourges; France, Bourges
    • Pointed PinnaclesCathedral, Chartres; France, Chartres
    • Pointed Pinnacles >>>Duomo, Milano; Italy, Milano
    • Gargoyles Gargoyles came into gothic architecture in the early 13th The origins of the word century and are defined as "a gargoyle are derived from the waterspout, projecting from an old French word gargouille upper part of a building to throw meaning throat. water clear of walls or foundations." Gargoyles are frightening and intimidating sculptures - perfect for the likes of great Lords and Kings who built elaborate fortresses and castles in order to crush and intimidate the indigenous population.
    • GargoylesNotre Dame cathedral in Paris
    • GargoylesNotre Dame cathedral in Paris
    • Gargoyles >>>
    • Stained Glass Windows
    • Stained Glass WindowCathedrale Saint-Etienne de Bourges; France, Bourges
    • Stained Glass WindowCathedrale Saint-Etienne de Bourges; France, Bourges
    • Stained Glass WindowsBasilique Saint-Denis; France
    • Rose Stained Glass Window >>>Basilique Saint-Denis; France
    • Gothic Arch The walls of Gothic The Gothic architects andThe Medieval Gothic Arch buildings could be thinner builders discovered thewas a major feature of the because the weight of the amazing strength andarchitecture of the Middle roof was supported by the stability of using pointed Ages. arches rather than the arches. walls. The arch could not only Thinner walls had wider support greater weights window openings whichThe use of the Gothic arch but could also could span encouraged the use of gave the builders greater distances, allowing stained glass and the tremendous flexibility. vaults to be taller and magnificent Gothic Rose wider. Windows.
    • Gothic ArchSanta Maria del Pi Barcelona
    • Gothic ArchCathedral, Chartres; France, Chartres
    • Gothic Arch >>>Grace Cathedral , France
    • Gothic Vault The reasons thatthe cathedrals had That was really so many of these good because fires Also, it made the vaulted roofs is often spread and inside of the because the there were no fire cathedral have a medieval builders fighters to help finished look. thought that they extinguish the fire.helped reduce the risk of fire.
    • Gothic Vault
    • Gothic (Ribbed) VaultGuildford Cathedral: Britain
    • Romanesque (Barrel) Vault
    • Barrel Vault
    • Gothic (Ribbed) Vault
    • Gothic (Ribbed) VaultExeter Cathedral, England
    • Gothic (Ribbed) Vault >>>Basilique Saint-Denis; France
    • Flying Butresses
    • Flying ButtressesCathedral at Chartres. France
    • Flying Buttresses
    • Flying Buttresses >>>Cathedrale Saint-Etienne de Bourges; France, Bourges
    • THE END.Prepared by: JC de Egurrola (2010)