FACT Bullying interferes with learning In recent studies, It has been reported that 88% of junior high and high school students have experienced being victimized by bullying in school.Source: U.S. Department of Education
Bullies are cowardsThey tend to bully otherswhen teachers and adultsare not watching.They tend to bully andintimidate others when theyhave an audience of“friends”.They tend to look forweakness in their victims.
Bullying in school. Everyone suffers. The Victim• Fear of being bullied leads to higher rates ofabsence and truancy.• Victims develop a loss of self esteem,depression and isolation.• As students and later as adults, victims maybe hesitant to take social, intellectual,emotional and vocational risks.• If the problem persists, victims occasionallyfeel compelled to take drastic measures, suchas vengeance in the forms of fighting back,weapon-carrying or even suicide.• Victims are more likely than nonvictims togrow up being socially anxious and insecure,displaying more symptoms of depression thanthose who were not victimized as children.• Grades may suffer because attention is drawnaway from learning.
Bullying in school. Everyone suffers. Bystanders• Afraid of associating with the victim because they fearretribution or becoming victimized themselves.• Fear reporting bullying incidents because they may betermed a “snitch”, “tattletale”, “rat”, etc.• May experience feelings of guilt or helplessnessbecause they did not stand up to the bully on behalf oftheir classmates.• Are drawn into bullying behavior by group pressure.• Feel unsafe, unable to take action or a loss of control.
Bullies Suffer•Bullies are morelikely to drop out ofschool• Delinquency• Criminality• Bullies tend todevelop violenttendencies
WHY SOME KIDS BULLYHi Ronald! You are a 12 year-old sixth grade male currentlyattending Cedar Hill Middle School. The school is located aboutthree blocks from your apartment building in which you live onthe third floor with your Grandmother, Aunt and two youngersiblings. You like to “fool around” with kids in your class andoften like to show off in front of them. For that reason you havedeveloped a reputation among the adults in your school. Theythink that you have problems. You generally do not like theadults in Cedar Hill. They are always calling your Grandmotherand trying to get you into trouble. You have had these problemssince the first grade. You have always found it very difficult tolearn and, especially, take tests. The school suggested to yourGrandmother that you should be tested for special ed. placement,but she told the school that you are smart and refused placement. Last Thursday, during lunch, you got into a fight with Billy(he’s in the homeroom next to yours). It always appears thatBilly is trying to please the teachers at school. Even when youcall him names and push him, he doesn’t do anything about it.During the fight, the other kids were yelling and cheering. Youfelt good about that and when Billy ran to the teacher’s on duty,he was crying hysterically. You felt important in front of theother kids. You like the feeling of being a “tough guy”. Youwere suspended for fighting (2 days). When you came back toclass, you failed the social studies and math test, but you justdon’t care. You hate school; the kids and especially the adults.Theyre always lecturing you and telling you that you bettershape up and that they never saw a kid like you. You shrug yourshoulders, and tell them that you just don’t care.
1. Have you ever encountered a student like Ronald?2. If you answered yes, what sort of behavior(s) did that student elicit?3. Do you think it is unusual to have students like Ronald in your class?4. What strategies do you use when you have a student like Ronald in your class?
EFFECTIVELY DEALING WITH BULLYING Establish a school wide zero tolerance for bullying behavior 1. Assess the awareness of bullying problem in your school and classroom 2. Closely supervise students in large areas (cafeteria, play yard, auditorium, halls, etc.). 3. Post rules in large play areas (rules should be school wide and taught to each student on a regular basis). 4. Establish a confidential reporting system that allows children to report victimization and that record details of bullying incidents. 5. Establish a pupil personnel team to educate the students on issues such as sexual harassment, discrimination.
6. Act on bullying reports immediately.7. Assure victims that you will follow up on reports and take appropriate action.8. Do not blame the victim. * SAMPLE RULES THAT MAY BE POSTED IN HALLWAYS, CAFETERIAS, PLAY YARDS1. Do not run2. Keep hands and feet to yourself3. Respect others space4. Do not litter* Rules should be established to suit the needs of each school
Strategies for Classroom Teachers• Be the counselor• Provide classroom lessonsabout bullying behavior• Develop a classroomaction plan to ensure thatstudents know what to dowhen they observe abully/victim confrontation• Take immediate actionwhen bullying behavior isobserved
• Confront bullies inprivate (Challenging abullies publicly maybe just what they areseeking)• Notify parents of allparties immediately• Refer victims andaggressors tocounseling whenappropriate• Create a buddysystem for victims
Student Strategies• Seek adult help• Do not participate in theharassment of the victim• Offer kind words to the victim• Do not become involved inrumors and gossip• If you can effectivelycommunicate with the bully,tell the bully that he is doinginappropriate things• Do not become involved inphysical or verbal fights with abully