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Humres infosheet1

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    Humres infosheet1 Humres infosheet1 Presentation Transcript

    • INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Werner & DeSimone (2006) 1 Chapter 1
    • DEFINITION OF HRD A Werner & DeSimone (2006) set of systematic and planned activities designed by an organization to provide its members with the necessary skills to meet current and future job demands. 2
    • EVOLUTION OF HRD  Early Werner & DeSimone (2006) apprenticeship programs  Early vocational education programs  Early factory schools  Early training for unskilled/semiskilled  Human relations movement  Establishment of training profession  Emergence of HRD 3
    • DEFINITION OF TERMS  Werner & DeSimone (2006)  occupation (n.) early 14c., "fact of holding or possessing;" mid-14c., "a being employed in something," also "a particular action," from Old French occupacion "pursuit, work, employment; occupancy, occupation" (12c.), from Latin occupationem (nominative occupatio) "a taking possession; business, employment," noun of action from past participle stem of occupare (see occupy). Meaning "employment, business in which one engages" is late 14c. That of "condition of being held and ruled by troops of another country" is from 1940. A job is a regular activity performed in exchange for payment. A person usually begins a job by becoming an employee, volunteering, or starting a business. The duration of a job may range from an hour (in the case of odd jobs) to a lifetime (in the case of some judges). If a person is trained for a certain type of job, they may have a profession. The series of jobs a person holds in their life is their career. 4
    • APPRENTICESHIP  Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a structured competency a basic set of skills Werner & DeSimone (2006) 5
    • EARLY APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAMS  Artisans Werner & DeSimone (2006) in 1700s  Artisans had to train their own workers  Guild schools  Yeomanries (early worker unions) 6
    • GUILD SCHOOL  Werner & DeSimone (2006) A guild /ɡɪld/ is an association of artisans or merchants who control the practice of their craft in a particular town. The earliest types of guild were formed as confraternities of workers. They were organized in a manner something between a professional association, trade union, a cartel, and a secret society. They often depended on grants of letters patent by a monarch or other authority to enforce the flow of trade to their selfemployed members, and to retain ownership of tools and the supply of materials. A lasting legacy of traditional guilds are the guildhalls constructed and used as meeting places. 7
    • EARLY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS – DeWitt Clinton’s manual school  1863 – President Lincoln signs the Land-Grant Act promoting A&M colleges  1917 – Smith-Hughes Act provides funding for vocational education at the state level  1809 Werner & DeSimone (2006) 8
    • EARLY FACTORY SCHOOLS  Industrial Werner & DeSimone (2006) Revolution increases need for trained workers to design, build, and repair machines used by unskilled workers  Companies started machinist and mechanical schools in-house  Shorter and more narrowly-focused than apprenticeship programs 9
    • EARLY TRAINING FOR UNSKILLED/SEMISKILLED WORKERS  Mass production (Model T)  World War I Retool & retrain  “Show, Tell, Do, Check” (OJT)  Werner & DeSimone (2006) Semiskilled and unskilled workers  Production line – one task = one worker  10
    • MASS PRODUCTION (MODEL T) Werner & DeSimone (2006) 11
    • MODEL T  A simple idea It was Henry's intention to produce the largest number of cars, to the simplest design, for the lowest possible cost. When car ownership was confined to the privileged few, Henry Ford's aim was to "put the world on wheels" and produce an affordable vehicle for the general public. Werner & DeSimone (2006)  Henry Ford designed his first moving assembly line in 1913, and revolutionized the manufacturing processes of his Ford Model T. This assembly line, at the first Ford plant in Highland Park, Michigan, became the benchmark for mass production methods around the world. 12
    • HUMAN RELATIONS MOVEMENT  Factory Werner & DeSimone (2006) system often abused workers  “Human relations” movement promoted better working conditions  Start of business & management education  Tied to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs 13
    • Werner & DeSimone (2006)   Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people. He believed that individuals possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to rewards or 14 unconscious desires. Maslow (1943) stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fulfill the next one, and so on.
    • ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TRAINING PROFESSION  Outbreak Werner & DeSimone (2006) of WWII increased the need for trained workers  Federal government started the Training Within Industry (TWI) program  1942 – American Society for Training Directors (ASTD) formed 15
    • EMERGENCE OF HRD  Employee needs extend beyond the training Werner & DeSimone (2006) classroom  Includes coaching, group work, and problem solving  Need for basic employee development  Need for structured career development  ASTD changes its name to the American Society for Training and Development 16
    • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HRM AND HRD  Human Werner & DeSimone (2006) resource management (HRM) encompasses many functions  Human resource development (HRD) is just one of the functions within HRM 17
    • SELF-CHECK 1. 3. 4. 5. Werner & DeSimone (2006) 2. A set of systematic and planned activities designed by an organization to provide its members with the necessary skills to meet current and future job demands. A system of training a new generation of practitioners of a structured competency a basic set of skills An association of artisans or merchants who control the practice of their craft in a particular town. He designed his first moving assembly line in 1913, and revolutionized the manufacturing processes of his Ford Model T His theory stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fulfill the next one, and so on. 18
    • ANSWER KEY 1. 3. 4. 5. Werner & DeSimone (2006) 2. Human Resource Development Apprenticeship Guild Schools Henry Ford Abraham Maslow 19
    • CHOOSE THE WORDS THAT IS DESCRIBED BY THE STATEMENT (2 POINTS EACH) 1. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Werner & DeSimone (2006) 2. Henry Ford Human Resource Development Apprenticeship Guild Schools Abraham Maslow Industrial Revolution Job 20
    • EXPLAIN THE PICTURES IN 30 WORDS MINIMUM Werner & DeSimone (2006) NO. 15-17 21
    • NO. 18-20 Werner & DeSimone (2006) 22