Analyzing Visual Art

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Analyzing Visual Art

  1. 1. Analyzing Visual Art “Picturing John James Audubon” NEH Summer Institute Indiana University John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  2. 2. Analyzing Visual Art 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE 3. ICONOGRAPHY 4. BIOGRAPHY 5. CULTURAL HISTORY
  3. 3. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Robert Havell after Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833-38 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., Hand-colored engraving from The Birds of America, plate 181 The New-York Historical Society
  4. 4. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Robert Havell after Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., Hand-colored engraving, 37 ¼ x 26 ½ in., plate 181 from The Birds of America The New-York Historical Society
  5. 5. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Robert Havell after John James Audubon, Robert Havell after John James Audubon, Copper Engraving Plate of Common Loon, 1830 Common Loon, 1830 Copper, 41 ½ x 28 ½ n., American Museum of Natural History, New York Uncolored engraving on paper, 41 ½ x 28 ½ in., American Museum of Natural History, New York
  6. 6. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED John James Audubon, Red-winged Blackbird, 1805 Pastel, graphite, and ink on paper, 38 x 22 cm., Houghton Library, Harvard University
  7. 7. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED John James Audubon, Dusky Petrel, 1826 Pencil on paper, 7 ¾ x 12 1/8 in., Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
  8. 8. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED John James Audubon, English Pheasants Surprised by a Dog, 1827 Oil on canvas, 57 x 93 in., Racquet & Tennis Club, New York
  9. 9. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Reconstruction of Audubon’s wire-mounted bird modeling technique
  10. 10. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Audubon’s print shipping box American Museum of Natural History, New York
  11. 11. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Audubon’s portable lapdesk Mahogany, New-York Historical Society
  12. 12. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Audubon memorabilia (hat, parfleched, gun, pistol, war club, pipe/tomahawk, axe) American Museum of Natural History, New York
  13. 13. 1. THE OBJECT VIEWED Lucy Audubon, Beaded Purse, before 1826 New-York Historical Society
  14. 14. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  15. 15. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE Mark Catesby, Fishing Hawk, hand-colored etching, 10 x 14 John James Audubon, Fish Hawk or Osprey, 1806 Pastel, watercolor, graphite, and ink on paper, 57 x 63 cm., in., from The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Houghton Library, Harvard University Bahama Islands, 2 vols. (London, 1731-47)
  16. 16. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE Robert Havell after John James Audubon, Fish Hawk or Osprey, 1832 Hand-colored engraving, 38 ¼ x 26 ½ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 81
  17. 17. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE Robert Havell after John James Audubon, Great Blue Heron, 1835 Hand-colored engraving, 38 ¼ x 25 ½ in., from The Birds of America, plate 281
  18. 18. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps, 1800 John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Oil on canvas, 102 x 87 in., Château de Malmaison, Rueil-Malmaison New-York Historical Society
  19. 19. 2. STYLE AND TECHNIQUE J.-L. David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps, 1800 John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Oil on canvas, 102 x 87 in., Château de Malmaison, Rueil-Malmaison Watercolor on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., New-York Historical Society
  20. 20. 3. ICONOGRAPHY John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  21. 21. 3. ICONOGRAPHY John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833, and detail of self-portrait Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  22. 22. 3. ICONOGRAPHY John James Audubon, Nicholas Augustus Berthoud, 1819 Pastel on paper, 10 x 8 in., Speed Art Museum, Louisville
  23. 23. 3. ICONOGRAPHY John James and Victor Gifford Audubon, Wolverine or Glutton, 1841 Mixed media, 36 x 25 in., American Museum of Natural History, New York
  24. 24. 4. BIOGRAPHY John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  25. 25. 4. BIOGRAPHY John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833, and detail Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  26. 26. 4. BIOGRAPHY John Syme, John James Audubon, 1826 Oil on canvas, 35 x 27 in., White House Collection, Washington, D.C.
  27. 27. 4. BIOGRAPHY G. P. A. Healy, John James Audubon, 1838 Oil on canvas, 35 x 27 in., Museum of Science, Boston
  28. 28. 4. BIOGRAPHY Victor Gifford and John Woodhouse Audubon, John James Audubon, 1841 Oil on canvas, 44 x 60 in., American Museum of Natural History, New York
  29. 29. 4. BIOGRAPHY Life mask of John James Audubon, c. 1830? Plaster, New-York Historical Society
  30. 30. 4. BIOGRAPHY Anonymous Japanese artist, John James Audubon Discovers his Work Eaten by Rats, 1873 Woodcut, Library of Congress
  31. 31. 4. BIOGRAPHY After Frederick Cruikshank, Lucy Bakewell Audubon, 1831 Bogardus Galleries (NY), Lucy Bakewell Audubon, c.1860 Albumen print carte-de-visite, 10.3 x 6.4 cm., New Brunswick Museum Albumen print carte-de-visite, 10.1 x 6.1 cm., New Brunswick Museum
  32. 32. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, Golden Eagle, 1833 Watercolor, pastel, graphite, and selective glazing on paper, 38 x 25 ½ in., The New-York Historical Society
  33. 33. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, Self-Portrait, 1826 Graphite on paper, John Gadsby Chapman, Col. David Crockett, 1835 Oil on canvas, Alamo Museum, San Antonio, TX
  34. 34. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, Self-Portrait, 1826 George Caleb Bingham,Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers Graphite on paper, through the Cumberland Gap, 1851-52 Oil on canvas, 36 ½ x 50 ¼ in., Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis
  35. 35. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, Self-Portrait, 1826 George Catlin, “The Author Painting a Chief at the Base Graphite on paper, of the Rocky Mountains,” frontispiece to Catlin, Letters and Notes, 1841
  36. 36. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, plate 31
  37. 37. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, plate 31 John James Audubon, Wild Turkey, 1825 Watercolor and graphite on paper, 38 ¾ x 26 in., New-York Historical Society Charles Willson Peale, The Artist in His Museum, 1822 Oil on canvas, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  38. 38. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY John James Audubon, Black Vulture, 1829 Pastel, watercolor, graphite, collage on paper, 23 3/8 x 36 1/8 in., New-York Historical Society
  39. 39. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Théodore Géricault, Severed Heads, 1818 John James Audubon, Black Vulture, 1829 Oil on canvas, 50 x 61 cm., Nationalmuseum, Stockholm Pastel, watercolor, graphite, collage on paper, 23 3/8 x 36 1/8 in., New-York Historical Society
  40. 40. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Robert Havell after John James Audubon, Passenger Pigeon, 1832 Hand-colored engraving, 26 x 20 ½ in., from The Birds of America, plate 62
  41. 41. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Havell after Audubon, Passenger Pigeon, 1832 “Martha,” believed to be the last Passenger Pigeon, in The Birds of America, plate 62 the Cincinnati Zoo, 1914
  42. 42. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Bird-hat fashions, c. 1900
  43. 43. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY George Bird Grinnell, 1849-1938
  44. 44. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY National Audubon Society, incorporated 1905
  45. 45. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Andrew Jackson Grayson, Northern Jacana, 1861 Watercolor, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
  46. 46. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Bateleur (Helotarses ecaudatus), 1927 Watercolor, Paul Kasmin Gallery
  47. 47. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Walton Ford, Madagascar, 2002 Watercolor, gouache, ink, and pencil on paper, Paul Kasmin Gallery
  48. 48. 5. CULTURAL HISTORY Jean-Luc Mylayne, PO-30, Janvier-Fevrier, 2006 Unique color print, 123 x 153 cm., Coll. Jean Luc Mylayne

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