Agenda for Tuesday, November 1 1. Opener: Research papers collected & Writing Journal Entry (20 min.) 2. Lecture: Intro to American Romantics (20 min.) 3. “The Raven” (35 min.) o Tier 3 Terms o Class Read & Model Active Reading 4. Homework (Remaining Time)
AP English 11 Your NameJE? November 1, 2011 1. Identify an event in your life (or in another’s life observed by you) during which a situation that was at first “marginally annoying” escalated until a breaking point was reached and it (a person, place, thing, situation) became maddening. 2. Craft a descriptive paragraph in which you describe the situation: • Describe the participants (yourself and someone else) in this exasperating exchange. What happened? • What was annoying about the interaction? • What contributed to raising your anxiety level? • How did the situation resolve itself and was the resolution satisfying to you? o You have only a limited amount of time to write this entry so work smart
The Romantic Period of American Literatureo The "Romantic Period" refers to literary and cultural movements in England, Europe, and America roughly from 1770 to 1860.o Romantic writers (and artists) saw themselves as revolting against the "Age of Reason" (1700-1770) and its values.o They celebrated • imagination/intuition versus reason/calculation, • spontaneity versus control • subjectivity and metaphysical musing versus objective fact • revolutionary energy versus tradition • individualism versus social conformity • democracy versus monarchy, and so on.o American Romantics tend to venerate Nature as a sanctum of non-artificiality, where the Self can fulfill its potential (the earlier Puritans tended to see nature as the fallen "wilderness," full of "savage" Indians). American Romantics also champion spiritual intuition or self-reliant individualism.
Key Elements of Romantic American Literature 1. Belief in natural goodness of man, that man in a state of nature would behave well but is hindered by civilization. o The figure of the "Noble Savage" is an outgrowth of this idea. In literature, an idealized concept of uncivilized man, who symbolizes the innate goodness of one not exposed to the corrupting influences of civilization 2. Sincerity, spontaneity, and faith in emotion as markers of truth. o Doctrine of sensibility: A thing may be considered in two ways: as it presents itself as an object to our sensibility (thing as it appears) and as it is apart from its relation to sensibility (thing in itself). 3. Belief that what is special in a man is to be valued over what is representative; delight in self-analysis. 4. Nature as a source of instruction, delight, and nourishment for the soul; return to nature as a source of inspiration and wisdom; celebration of man’s connection with nature; life in nature often contrasted with the unnatural constraints of society. 5. Affirmation of the values of democracy and the freedom of the individual. o Jacksonian Democracy: the political movement toward greater democracy for the common man typified by American politician Andrew Jackson and his supporters.
Key Elements of Romantic American Literature 6. High value placed on finding connection with fresh, spontaneous in nature and self. 7. Aspiration after the sublime and the wonderful, that which transcends mundane limits. 8. In art, the sublime, the grotesque, the picturesque, and the beautiful with a touch of strangeness valued above the Neoclassical principles of order, proportion, and decorum. o Neoclassicism is a literary movement of the 17th and 18th centuries that stressed the importance of using ancient Greek and Roman (the Classical period) literature as a guide for creation and criticism. o The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. 9. Interest in the “antique”: medieval tales and forms, ballads, Norse and Celtic mythology; the Gothic. 10.Belief in perfectibility of man; spiritual force immanent not only in nature but in mind of man. 11.Belief in organicism rather than Neoclassical rules; development of a unique form in each work.
Symbolism? White Bird Gold SunsetCharacters, settings and objects all carry symbolic value!
Symbolismo Usually a symbol is something concrete – such as an object, action, character, or scene – that represents something more abstract. However, symbols and symbolism can be much more complex. a) Conventional symbols: those symbols that have been invested with meaning by a group b) Natural symbols: are objects and occurrences from nature to represent ideas commonly associated with them c) Literary symbols: are sometimes also conventional in the sense that they are found in a variety of works and are generally recognized
Allusion• An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or by implication• An audience’s ability to identify an allusion is dependent on the breadth and depth of their background knowledge• Sword of Damocles: n. Constant threat; imminent peril• From this story are two morals: First, "Uneasy rests the head that wears the crown." Second, and perhaps more prophetically, "The value of the sword is not that it fall, but rather, that it hangs."
“The Raven” Assigned Activities1. Define the following ten (10) Tier 2. Code stanzas 10—18: 2 terms in your reading journal: o Assonance o Surcease (2) o Alliteration o Obeisance (7) o Internal rhyme o Mein (7) • You may use the “The o Decorum (8) Interactive Raven” at o Countenance (8) http://www.teachersfirst.co m/lessons/raven/ o Ungainly (9) 3. Identify the key stanzas which o Divining (13) best fill the narrative role of: o Seraphim (14) o Exposition (initial) o Respite (14) o Rising action o Pallid (18) o Climax o Falling action o Resolution
Homework Due Next Class1) Re-read “The Raven,” complete assigned activities and anticipate a “book free” comprehension check2) Add the following Tier 3 terms to Rhetoric Card deck: Symbolism, Conventional symbols, Natural symbols, Literary symbols, Assonance