PRESENTED BY: MAR ICAR CALILIW JOHNNY R AFOLS JR. JEANNIFER VILLANUEVA
Formed June 22, 1906Headquarters DFA Building, RoxasBoulevard, Pasay CityAnnual Budget P 10.92 Billion (2012)Department Executive Albert del Rosario, SecretaryWebsite www.dfa.gov.ph
The Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)(Filipino: Ka g a wa ra n ng Ug na y a ng Pa nla ba s ) is the executivedepartment of the Philippine government tasked to contributeto the enhancement of national security and the protection ofthe territorial integrity and national sovereignty, to participatein the national endeavour of sustaining development andenhancing the Philippines competitive edge, to protect therights and promote the welfare of Filipinos overseas and tomobilize them as partners in national development, to projecta positive image of the Philippines, and to increaseinternational understanding of Philippine culture for mutually-beneficial relations with other countries.
BeginningsThe Department of Foreign Affairs was created on June23, 1898 through a decree of Emilio Aguinaldo, whoappointed Apolinario Mabini as the Philippines’s firstSecretary of Foreign Affairs. In effect, the DFA became thefirst government department to be established following theproclamation of the First Philippine Republic inMalolos City in Bulacan. Realizing the need forinternational recognition to support the legitimacy of hisgovernment.
Post-W Philippines arThe country regained full control of foreign affairs anddiplomatic matters on July 4, 1946, when CommonwealthAct No. 732 was passed creating the Department ofForeign Affairs. On September 16, PresidentManuel Roxas issued Executive Order No. 18, whichprovided for the organization and operation of the DFA andthe Foreign Service. The main tasks of the DFA then wereto assist in postwar rehabilitation, formulate policies for thepromotion of investment, and re-establish diplomaticrelations with neighboring countries.
Under MarcosPresident Ferdinand Marcos redefined foreign policy as theprotection of Philippine independence, territorial integrity andnational dignity, and emphasized increased regionalcooperation and collaboration. He placed great stress onbeing Asian and pursued a policy of constructive unity andco-existence with other Asian states, regardless of ideologicalpersuasion.Throughout the 1970s, the DFA pursued the promotion oftrade and investment, played an active role in hostinginternational meetings, and participated in the meetings of theNon-Aligned Movement. The Foreign Service Institute was
Post-EDSA 1986The 1986 EDSA Revolution saw the re-establishment of ademocratic government under President Corazon Aquino.During this period, the DFA once again pursued developmentpolicy, in the active pursuit of opportunities abroad in the vitalareas of trade, investment, finance, technology and aid.During this period, the Philippines became one of the foundingmembers of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC inNovember 1989, and an active player in regional efforts toestablish the ASEAN Free Trade Area. In 1990, the DFAproposed the establishment of more diplomatic missions to theMiddle East to improve existing ties with Arab states and torespond to the growing needs of Overseas Filipino Workers in
Under Fidel V. R amosThe Ramos administration from July 1992 to June 1998defined four core areas of Philippine foreign policy: theenhancement of national security, promotion of economicdiplomacy, protecting Overseas Filipino Workers andFilipino nationals abroad, the projection of a good image ofthe country abroad.The Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995provided the framework for stronger protection of Filipinoworkers abroad, with the creation of the Legal AssistanceFund and the Assistance-to-Nationals Fund, and thedesignation in the DFA of a Legal Assistant for Migrant
Estrada AdministrationThe Estrada administration upheld the foreign policythrusts of the previous administration, focusing on nationalsecurity, economic diplomacy, assistance to nationals, andimage-building. The Philippines continued to be at theforefront of the regional and multilateral arena. Itsuccessfully hosted the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in July1998 and undertook confidence-building measures withChina over South China Sea issue through a meeting inMarch 1999.The DFA also played a major role in the forging of aVisiting Forces Agreement with the United States, which
To advance the interests of thePhilippines and the Filipino people inthe world community.
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOR EIGN AFFAIRS is the primeagency of government responsible for the pursuit of theStates foreign policy and the nerve center for a ForeignService worthy of the trust and pride of every Filipino.We are an organization of competent, dedicated and highlymotivated personnel, who devote their energies to thebenefit of the Filipino people.
We implement foreign policy with the higheststandards of professionalism and commitment.We pursue bilateral, regional and multilateral relationsto advance the interest of the Philippines and theFilipinos. We build partnerships with national security anddevelopment agencies, think-tanks and the academe,the private sector, the media and civil society in the
We endeavor to promote regional and global cooperation inorder to achieve peace, prosperity and stability. In the global arena, we work for social justice especially forthe poor, human rights and fundamental freedoms, and ademocratic way of life.We are committed to secure a world free from seriousenvironmental degradation, transnational crime andproliferation of nuclear weapons.
Our missions abroad are the partners of Filipinosoverseas in the pursuit of the national interest andin the promotion and protection of their rights andwell-being.We have highly responsive system, which ensureseffective delivery of services.Our personnel are our greatest asset.
We are committed to the personal, professionaland career development of each employee.In pursuit of our goals, we strive for and live by theprinciples of excellence, integrity and patriotism.
To contribute to the enhancement of national security and the protection of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty. To participate in the national endeavour to sustain development and to enhance the Philippines competitive edge in a global milieu. To project a positive image of the Philippines;
To increase international understanding of Philippine culture for mutually-beneficial relations with other countries; and, To increase and maximize human, financial, technological and other resources to optimize the performance of the Department.
The m o s t im p o rta nt p ro vis io ns o f the 1 9 8 7 Philip p ineCo ns titutio n whic h p e rta in to the fra m ing o f Philip p ine fo re ig np o lic y a re a s fo llo ws : Article II, Section 2: "The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice."
Article II, Section 7: "The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination Republic Act No. 7157, otherwise known as "Philippine Foreign Service Act of 1991", gives mandate to the Department of Foreign Affairs to implement the three (3) pillars of the Philippine Foreign Policy.
The three (3) pillars of the Philippine Foreign Policy 1. Preservation and enhancement of nationalsecurity 2. Promotion and attainment of economic security 3. Protection of the rights and promotion of thewelfare and interest of Filipinos overseas.These pillars overlap and cannot be considered apartfrom each other. Together with the eight (8) foreignpolicy realities outlined by the President, they reinforceeach other and must be addressed as one whole.
These eight foreign policy realities are:1.China, Japan and the United States and their relationship will be a determining influence in thesecurity situation and economic evolution of East Asia.2.Philippine foreign policy decisions have to bemade in the context of ASEAN.
3. The international Islamic community will continue to be important for the Philippines. 4. The coming years will see the growing importance of multilateral and inter-regional organizations to promote commoninterests.
7. The Philippines can benefit most quickly from international tourism. 8. Overseas Filipinos will continue to berecognized for their critical role in the countryseconomic and social stability.
Apolinario Mabini (1898-1900) Claro M. Recto (1943-1945) Elpidio Quirino ( 1946-1948) Bernabe Africa ( 1948) Carlos P. Romulo (1950-1951) Joaquin M. Elizalde (1952-1953)
Carlos P. Garcia (1953-1957) Felixberto M. Serrano ( 1957-1961) Emmanuel Pelaez ( 1961-1963) Salvador P. Lopez (1963-1964) Mauro B. Mendez (1964- 1965) Narciso Ramos (1966-1968)
Carlos Romulo (1969-1984) Arturo M. Tolentino (1984-1985)
Raul S. Manglapus (1987-1992)Salvador H. Laurel (1986-1987)
Roberto R. Romulo (1992- Domingo Siazon Jr. ( 1995-1995) 2001)
Teofisto T. Guingona Jr. (2001-2002) Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2002)
Blas F. Ople (2002-2003) Delia Domingo Albert (2003-2004)
•Office of the Secretary•Office of the Undersecretary for Administration•Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic Relatio•Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant & Workers Affairs•Office of the Undersecretary for Policy•Office of the Undersecretary for Special and Ocean Concerns•
Office of the Secretary• acts as the primary and principal adviser of the President on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policies and the conduct of Philippine foreign relations• advises the President on the promulgation of executive orders, rules, and regulations, proclamations and other issuances relative to matters under the jurisdiction of the Department of Foreign Affairs• exercises supervision and control over all functions and activities of the Department of Foreign Affairs and supervises the administration and operation of the foreign service establishments• delegates authority for the performance of any function to offices and employees of the Department.
Department Legislative Liaison Unit (DLLU)Public Information Service Unit (PISU)Communications and Management Informations Systems Division (CMISD)Office for Intelligence and Security Services (OISS)Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Coordination (OSPPC)The following attached agencies are also under the direct supervision of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs: Foreign Service Institute (FSI)Technical Cooperation Council of the Philippines (TCCP)UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines (UNACOM).
R. A. 7157, "Philippine Foreign Service Act of 1991” an Act amending R.A. 708 “Foreign Service Act of the Philippines” provides for the appointment of the Undersecretaries of the Department of Foreign Affairs by the President upon recommendation of the Secretary of DFA.The act also defines the role of an Undersecretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs as follows:• Advise and assist the Secretary of Foreign Affairs in the formulation and implementation of the Departments objectives and policies and coordinate and oversee the operational activities of the
Office of the Undersecretary for AdministrationThe Office of the Undersecretary for Administration aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to the general operations of the DFA, its regional offices and Philippine Foreign Service Posts and all other administrative matters and concerns.
The Office of the Undersecretary for Administration oversees the operations of all administrative related offices of the Department including the: Office of Legal Affairs (OLA), Office of Personnel and Administration Services (OPAS), Office of Fiscal Management (OFM), Office of Protocol and State Visits (OPSV) and; Office of Consular Affairs (OCA).The Undersecretary for Administration also chairs and oversees the: Board of Foreign Service Administration (BFSA), Board of Foreign Service Examinations (BFSE), Bids and Awards Committee (BAC), and other related committees of the Department.
Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic RelationsThe Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic Relations is principally in-charge with implementing and coordinating the responsibilities and functions of the Department of Foreign Affairs relating to: trade and investments, science and technology, environment and sustainable development, official development cooperation and, other related economic/social concerns, particularly those related to issues on women and youth vis-à-vis other countries, in cooperation with all Philippine government agencies concerned and the private sector.
Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant & Workers AffairsCreated by Republic Act No. 8042, or the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995, the Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant Workers Affairs• aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides advice on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policy relating to the protection of the dignity, fundamental rights and freedoms of Filipino citizens abroad, while giving particular attention to the protection and promotion of the welfare and dignity of overseas Filipinos. It is the third pillar of Philippine foreign policy and one of the highest priority concerns of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Philippine Foreign Service Posts.OUMWA works in coordination with various sectors - elected officials, other government agencies, OFWs and their families, mass media, private organizations, international organizations, NGOs and religious group - to deliver timely assistance to
Office of the Undersecretary for PolicyThe Office of the Undersecretary for Policy aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policy, particularly on bilateral, regional and international political and security issues.
Office of the Undersecretary for Special and Ocean Concerns• aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to identified special issues and concerns of the Department including the following:Maritime and Ocean Concerns Territorial Concerns Counter TerrorismOverseas Absentee Voting Dual Citizenship Human Rights IssuesChildren in Armed Conflict Bid for Observer Status in the OICPeace Processes Task Force on the Sabah IssueCoordination with the Philippine Drug Enforcement AgencyUnder this office are the Office of Ocean Concerns, Maritime and Ocean Affairs Secretariat, and the Overseas Absentee Voting Secretariat.
BUDGETCurrent budget Y2012 – P10.92BProposed budget for Y2013 – P11.64B (increase of 6.6 % from Y2012 budget) - includes a building fund of P428.29MPresently, the DFA has 60 embassies, 20 consulate generals all over the world, which mostly are leased in the amount of P600 million yearly.