Department of Foreign Affairs

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Department of Foreign Affairs

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: CALILIW RAFOLS VILLANUEVA
  2. 2. Formed June 22, 1906Headquarters DFA Building, RoxasBoulevard, Pasay CityAnnual Budget P 10.954 Billion (2011)Department Executive Albert del Rosario, SecretaryWebsite www.dfa.gov.ph
  3. 3. The Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)(Filipino: Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas) is theexecutive department of the Philippine government tasked tocontribute to the enhancement of national security and theprotection of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty,to participate in the national endeavour of sustainingdevelopment and enhancing the Philippines competitiveedge, to protect the rights and promote the welfare ofFilipinos overseas and to mobilize them as partners innational development, to project a positive image of thePhilippines, and to increase international understanding ofPhilippine culture for mutually-beneficial relations with other
  4. 4. To advance the interests of thePhilippines and the Filipino people inthe world community.
  5. 5. THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS is the primeagency of government responsible for the pursuit of theStates foreign policy and the nerve center for a ForeignService worthy of the trust and pride of every Filipino.We are an organization of competent, dedicated and highlymotivated personnel, who devote their energies to thebenefit of the Filipino people.
  6. 6. We implement foreign policy with the higheststandards of professionalism and commitment.We pursue bilateral, regional and multilateral relationsto advance the interest of the Philippines and theFilipinos. We build partnerships with national security anddevelopment agencies, think-tanks and the academe,the private sector, the media and civil society in the
  7. 7. We endeavor to promote regional and global cooperation inorder to achieve peace, prosperity and stability. In the global arena, we work for social justice especially forthe poor, human rights and fundamental freedoms, and ademocratic way of life.We are committed to secure a world free from seriousenvironmental degradation, transnational crime andproliferation of nuclear weapons.
  8. 8. Our missions abroad are the partners of Filipinosoverseas in the pursuit of the national interest andin the promotion and protection of their rights andwell-being.We have highly responsive system, which ensureseffective delivery of services.Our personnel are our greatest asset.
  9. 9. We are committed to the personal, professionaland career development of each employee.In pursuit of our goals, we strive for and live by theprinciples of excellence, integrity and patriotism.
  10. 10.  To contribute to the enhancement of national security and the protection of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty. To participate in the national endeavour to sustain development and to enhance the Philippines competitive edge in a global milieu.
  11. 11.  To participate in the national endeavour to sustain development and to enhance the Philippines competitive edge in a global milieu. To project a positive image of the Philippines;
  12. 12.  To increase international understanding of Philippine culture for mutually-beneficial relations with other countries; and, To increase and maximize human, financial, technological and other resources to optimize the performance of the Department.
  13. 13. The most important provisions of the 1987 PhilippineConstitution which pertain to the framing of Philippine foreignpolicy are as follows:  Article II, Section 2: "The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice."
  14. 14.  Article II, Section 7: "The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination Republic Act No. 7157, otherwise known as "Philippine Foreign Service Act of 1991", gives mandate to the Department of Foreign Affairs to implement the three (3) pillars of the Philippine Foreign Policy.
  15. 15.  The three (3) pillars of the Philippine Foreign Policy 1. Preservation and enhancement of nationalsecurity 2. Promotion and attainment of economic security 3. Protection of the rights and promotion of thewelfare and interest of Filipinos overseas. These pillars overlap and cannot be considered apart from each other. Together with the eight (8) foreign policy realities outlined by the President, they reinforce each other and must be addressed as one
  16. 16. These eight foreign policy realities are:1. China, Japan and the United States and their relationship will be a determining influence in the security situation and economic evolution of East Asia.2. Philippine foreign policy decisions have to be made in the context of ASEAN.
  17. 17. 3. The international Islamic community will continue to be important for the Philippines. 4. The coming years will see the growing importance of multilateral and inter-regional organizations to promote commoninterests.
  18. 18. 7. The Philippines can benefit most quickly from international tourism. 8. Overseas Filipinos will continue to berecognized for their critical role in the countryseconomic and social stability.
  19. 19. BeginningsThe Department of Foreign Affairs was created on June 23,1898 through a decree of Emilio Aguinaldo, who appointedApolinario Mabini as the Philippines’s first Secretary ofForeign Affairs. In effect, the DFA became the firstgovernment department to be established following theproclamation of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos Cityin Bulacan. Realizing the need for international recognitionto support the legitimacy of his government.
  20. 20. Post-War PhilippinesThe country regained full control of foreign affairs anddiplomatic matters on July 4, 1946, when CommonwealthAct No. 732 was passed creating the Department of ForeignAffairs. On September 16, President Manuel Roxas issuedExecutive Order No. 18, which provided for the organizationand operation of the DFA and the Foreign Service. Themain tasks of the DFA then were to assist in postwarrehabilitation, formulate policies for the promotion ofinvestment, and re-establish diplomatic relations withneighboring countries.
  21. 21. Under MarcosPresident Ferdinand Marcos redefined foreign policy as theprotection of Philippine independence, territorial integrity andnational dignity, and emphasized increased regionalcooperation and collaboration. He placed great stress on beingAsian and pursued a policy of constructive unity and co-existence with other Asian states, regardless of ideologicalpersuasion.Throughout the 1970s, the DFA pursued the promotion oftrade and investment, played an active role in hostinginternational meetings, and participated in the meetings of theNon-Aligned Movement. The Foreign Service Institute was
  22. 22. Post-EDSA 1986The 1986 EDSA Revolution saw the re-establishment of ademocratic government under President Corazon Aquino.During this period, the DFA once again pursued developmentpolicy, in the active pursuit of opportunities abroad in the vitalareas of trade, investment, finance, technology and aid.During this period, the Philippines became one of the foundingmembers of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC inNovember 1989, and an active player in regional efforts toestablish the ASEAN Free Trade Area. In 1990, the DFAproposed the establishment of more diplomatic missions to theMiddle East to improve existing ties with Arab states and torespond to the growing needs of Overseas Filipino Workers in
  23. 23. Under Fidel V. RamosThe Ramos administration from July 1992 to June 1998defined four core areas of Philippine foreign policy: theenhancement of national security, promotion of economicdiplomacy, protecting Overseas Filipino Workers andFilipino nationals abroad, the projection of a good image ofthe country abroad.The Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995provided the framework for stronger protection of Filipinoworkers abroad, with the creation of the Legal AssistanceFund and the Assistance-to-Nationals Fund, and thedesignation in the DFA of a Legal Assistant for Migrant
  24. 24. Estrada AdministrationThe Estrada administration upheld the foreign policy thrustsof the previous administration, focusing on national security,economic diplomacy, assistance to nationals, and image-building. The Philippines continued to be at the forefront ofthe regional and multilateral arena. It successfully hostedthe ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in July 1998 and undertookconfidence-building measures with China over South ChinaSea issue through a meeting in March 1999.The DFA also played a major role in the forging of a VisitingForces Agreement with the United States, which wasratified in the Senate.
  25. 25. • Office of the Secretary• Office of the Undersecretary for Administration• Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic Relations• Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant & Workers Affairs• Office of the Undersecretary for Policy• Office of the Undersecretary for Special and Ocean Concerns
  26. 26. Office of the Secretary• acts as the primary and principal adviser of the President on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policies and the conduct of Philippine foreign relations• advises the President on the promulgation of executive orders, rules, and regulations, proclamations and other issuances relative to matters under the jurisdiction of the Department of Foreign Affairs• exercises supervision and control over all functions and activities of the Department of Foreign Affairs and supervises the administration and operation of the foreign service establishments• delegates authority for the performance of any function to offices and employees of the Department.
  27. 27. Department Legislative Liaison Unit (DLLU)Public Information Service Unit (PISU)Communications and Management Informations Systems Division (CMISD)Office for Intelligence and Security Services (OISS)Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Coordination (OSPPC)The following attached agencies are also under the direct supervision of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs:Foreign Service Institute (FSI)Technical Cooperation Council of the Philippines (TCCP)UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines
  28. 28. R. A. 7157, "Philippine Foreign Service Act of 1991” an Act amending R.A. 708 “Foreign Service Act of the Philippines” provides for the appointment of the Undersecretaries of the Department of Foreign Affairs by the President upon recommendation of the Secretary of DFA.The act also defines the role of an Undersecretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs as follows:• Advise and assist the Secretary of Foreign Affairs in the formulation and implementation of the Departments objectives and policies and coordinate and oversee the operational activities of the
  29. 29. Office of the Undersecretary for AdministrationThe Office of the Undersecretary for Administration aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to the general operations of the DFA, its regional offices and Philippine Foreign Service Posts and all other administrative matters and concerns.
  30. 30. The Office of the Undersecretary for Administration oversees the operations of all administrative related offices of the Department including the: Office of Legal Affairs (OLA), Office of Personnel and Administration Services (OPAS), Office of Fiscal Management (OFM), Office of Protocol and State Visits (OPSV) and; Office of Consular Affairs (OCA).The Undersecretary for Administration also chairs and oversees the: Board of Foreign Service Administration (BFSA), Board of Foreign Service Examinations (BFSE), Bids and Awards Committee (BAC), and other related committees of the Department.
  31. 31. Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic RelationsThe Office of the Undersecretary for International Economic Relations is principally in-charge with implementing and coordinating the responsibilities and functions of the Department of Foreign Affairs relating to: trade and investments, science and technology, environment and sustainable development, official development cooperation and, other related economic/social concerns, particularly those related to issues on women and youth vis-à-vis other countries, in cooperation with all Philippine government agencies concerned and the private sector.
  32. 32. Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant & Workers AffairsCreated by Republic Act No. 8042, or the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995, the Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant Workers Affairs• aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides advice on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policy relating to the protection of the dignity, fundamental rights and freedoms of Filipino citizens abroad, while giving particular attention to the protection and promotion of the welfare and dignity of overseas Filipinos. It is the third pillar of Philippine foreign policy and one of the highest priority concerns of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Philippine Foreign Service Posts.OUMWA works in coordination with various sectors - elected officials, other government agencies, OFWs and their families, mass media, private organizations, international organizations, NGOs and religious group - to deliver timely assistance to
  33. 33. Office of the Undersecretary for PolicyThe Office of the Undersecretary for Policy aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to the formulation and execution of Philippine foreign policy, particularly on bilateral, regional and international political and security issues.
  34. 34. Office of the Undersecretary for Special and Ocean Concerns• aids the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and provides him advice on matters relating to identified special issues and concerns of the Department including the following:Maritime and Ocean Concerns Territorial Concerns Counter TerrorismOverseas Absentee Voting Dual Citizenship Human Rights IssuesChildren in Armed Conflict Bid for Observer Status in the OICPeace Processes Task Force on the Sabah IssueCoordination with the Philippine Drug Enforcement AgencyUnder this office are the Office of Ocean Concerns, Maritime and Ocean Affairs Secretariat, and the Overseas Absentee Voting Secretariat.
  35. 35. BUDGETCurrent budget Y2012 – P10.92BProposed budget for Y2013 – P11.64B (increase of 6.6 % from Y2012 budget) - includes a building fund of P428.29MPresently, the DFA has 60 embassies, 20 consulate generals all over the world, which mostly are leased in the amount of P600 million yearly.

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