ISWC 2012 Keynote


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  • Most popular types of datasets: geography and environment, health and nutrition, and national security and veterans affairs
  • Harvard University, Dr. Karim Lakhani, Matching Government Data with Rapid Innovation, Harvard Business Case StudyNew York Law School, Professor Beth Noveck, Democracy Design Workshop Do Tank, ORGPedia: Corporate Intelligence and Accountability for the 21st Century and Economic Impact of Open Gov DataNew York University, Professor Christina Goodness, Information and Technology for Socio-political ChangeOregon State University, Dr. Dawn Wright, Geographic Information Systems and ScienceRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Professor Peter Fox, Data ScienceRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Professor Jim Hendler, Linking Open Government Data (tutorials, apps, and mashups)Rice University, Jeffrey Seifert and Jane Fountain, Technology and Policies in the Information AgeSyracuse University, Professor Ines Mergel, Government 2.0Temple University, Steven L. Johnson, Data and Knowledge ManagementUniversity of California, Berkeley, Professor Yee, Mixing and Remixing InformationUniversity of Michigan, Library, Access to Governmental Datasets at Data.govYale University, Dr. Laura DeNardis and Dr. Nicholas Bramble, Access to Knowledge
  • Florence NightingaleCrimean WarUK soldiers who died from battle (red) vs. infection (blue)
  • John CelenzaSevere weather warnings allow people to react appropriately to threatsInternationalization: MeteoAlarm (EUMetNet)Need shared models and standards
  • Kat TownsendDevelop apps to increase food security“The best way for people to have impact if for people to learn from their peers”“Crowdsourcing the questions and crowdsourcing the solutions”Three Ideation Jams leading to a Code-a-thon and a Data Palooza
  • This is just the beginning.Host ideation jams to do more with the dataNot just a one-off. The map will be updated.Excited to see how lives are improved from the data release
  • Student challenge
  • Uses asthma patients aggregated GPS notations to create hot spots in communities where there are asthma issuesChanges individual behaviorFrom 65% daily incidence to 25% daily incidence of inhaler uses over a six month study
  • Raise your hand if you’ve ever saved a life? Congratulations!Raise your hand if you’ve ever written a line of code? You are a potential lifesaver.
  • Two emergency room doctors in Colorado50,000 patients over 25 years7,000,000 patients in 2 years100 employees and adding more
  • ISWC 2012 Keynote

    1. 1. Driving Innovation with Open Data and Interoperability Jeanne Holm Evangelist, November 14, 2012
    2. 2. There are threequestions to askabout open data 2
    3. 3. Why Do Agencies Share Data?• Meet regulatory compliance• Better communicate with citizens and stakeholders 3
    4. 4. Why Do Countries Share Data?• Create new economic development• Kickstart innovation 4
    5. 5. Why Do People Want Open Data? 5
    6. 6. Releasing and using open data is aboutempowering people tomake better decisions and change their behavior 6
    7. 7. Creating a Data Ecosystem1. Gather data – from many places and give it freely2. Connect the community – to collaborate through social media, events, and platforms3. Provide an infrastructure – built on standards and interoperability4. Encourage technology developers – to create apps, maps, and visualizations that empower people’s choices “A Strategy for American5. Gather more data Innovation” published September 2009 – and connect more people 7
    8. 8.• Provides instant access to ~400,000 datasets in easy to use formats• Contributions from UN, World Bank, and 172 agencies• Encourage development of innovative applications• Drive innovation and knowledge use across the globe 8
    9. 9. Easy to Find Data 9
    10. 10. The Power of Visualizations 10
    11. 11. Powered Through Advanced Technologies• Provides developers tools and raw data formats to develop new capabilities• Partnership with – W3C: eGov Interest Group + activities, standards, and recommendations – RPI for research in semantic web and open linked data• Data hosted in the cloud• Open source platform• Builds on ontologies developed in specific areas 11
    12. 12. Students and Learning• Universities are using in the classroom as a learning guide and to have students develop apps from government data v-in-the-classroom• Elseviers SciVerse project called US Government Dataset Search creates an index of references and use of government data in scientific publications /node/116/view/215 12
    13. 13. for the Economy• NOAA’s data helped build weather-related business• When the Department of Defense released satellite data…private industry created affordable GPS devices!• Together these open data services empower $100B data-driven industries 13
    14. 14. Open Communities Community Developers ✓ Open Data ✓ Semantic Web ✓ Health ✓ Law ✓ Energy ✓ Education ✓ Ocean ✓ Safety ✓ Manufacturing ✓ Business ✓ Ethics ✓ Cities ✓ Sustainable Supply Chain ✓ + many more… 14
    15. 15. Creating the Open Data CommunityOpen Data isan Ecosystem 15
    16. 16. Creating Community• Communities are public-facing spaces that present data, information, and subject matter knowledge about a single topic from many organizations in one place – The topics for communities can be chosen based on priorities from the public, departments based on their mission, or issues of national importance 16
    17. 17. Creating a Shared Vision• These questions help to guide early discussions 1. Vision: What will the community connection and collaboration look like in the future? 2. Leaders: Who will help to lead the community? 3. Participants: Who will participate? 4. Outcome: What are the expected outcomes, metrics, and measurements that will show success? How will this community work to improve the lives of citizens? 5. Functionality: What types of activities will be conducted on the site (forums, blogs, wikis, ranking, rating, challenges, or apps)? 6. Content: What content should be displayed 7. Interactivity: What ways will the community interact with the leaders, with each other, and with the public? 17
    18. 18. Energy Drives Innovation• connects innovators, indust ry, academia, and government at federal, state, an d local levels 18
    19. 19. Challenges Spark Ideas• works with groups and challenges across the nation to innovate around federal data 19
    20. 20. Data Drives Decisions• Apps transform data in understandable ways to help people make decisions 20
    21. 21. Green Button• 21 million American households can now download their home or business energy use data from their local utility• Then use apps to manage their energy use to save money and go green• More at 21
    22. 22. US Digital Strategy• Ensure that as the government adjusts to this new digital world, we seize the opportunity to procure and manage devices, applications, and data in smart, secure and affordable ways• Unlock the power of government data to spur innovation across our Nation and improve the quality of services for the American people 22
    23. 23. US Open Government Action Plan • On 20 September 2011, President Obama announced at the UN General Assembly… – Contribute as a platform (Government of India and the U.S.) – Foster communities on – Health, energy, and law plus new communities in education, research and development, and public safety • In September 2012, President Obama reported these actions delivered 23
    24. 24. Open Government Platform (OGPL) • Open source co-developed by India’s National Informatics Centre and US Team • is migrating to OGPL in 2012 • Coordinating with open data providers, platforms, and communities like W3C, World Bank, CKAN, and open source developers worldwide • Public commits and tracker on Github • Public mailing list for discussion • Join the community! – – 24
    25. 25. US Open Data atCities, Counties, and States 25
    26. 26. Capabilities• Present • Future – Dataset Management – OGPL • Workflow engine and • Open source platform metadata editor • Drupal + CKAN • Extended Dublin Core – API key registry – Search • API key authorization • Keyword and faceted • Application statistics filtering • 6.7 billion triples – Enhanced search – Geo • Federated catalogs • Search, harvest, and across visualize via agencies, cities, and topics – • ADMS-based metadata • Vocabulary and schema – engine for linked data • Federated ontologies • URIs for all health data • URIs for all data 26
    27. 27. Partnerships for Better Data• Ontologies and schema adoption and augmentation with –, IEEE, ISO, AGU, OASIS, and others – Crowdsourced folksonomies• RPI and Professor Jim Hendler – Lead for semantic web for 27
    28. 28. International Partnerships for Better Data• W3C leadership ( – Government Linked Data Working Group – eGovernment Interest Group (join for free!)• Government of India – Shared leadership in the Open Government Platform• CKAN – Co-developing components of the Open Government Platform – Open Knowledge Foundation 28
    29. 29. 5 Star Data 29
    30. 30. PeoplePeople  Knowledge  Problems The Times They Are A’Changing 30
    31. 31. Helping OthersThrough a Disaster 31
    32. 32. Restore the Gulf: Deepwater Horizon 32
    33. 33. Japanesetsunami, earthquake, and radiation monitoring Data and apps from EPA via 33
    34. 34. Hurricane SandyEarly warnings save livesData from USGS via 34
    35. 35. Transparency in Government Spending 35
    36. 36. 36
    37. 37. Making the Federal Budget Easy to Understand: Visual• Visualizations to help Budget understand data• Great visuals can change the world (Florence Nightingale’s visualizations of infection)• We connect large numbers to personal experience• 37
    38. 38. 38
    39. 39. Creating a Multi- Billion Dollar Industry 39
    40. 40. Weather Underground• Severe weather warnings allow people to react appropriately to threats• Internationalization: MeteoAlarm (EUMetNet)• Need shared models and standards• 40
    41. 41. Crowdsourcing Data 41
    42. 42. USAID Food Security Challenge• Kat Townsend at USAID had a great idea – Develop apps to increase food security – “Crowdsourcing the questions and crowdsourcing the solutions” – Three Ideation Jams  Code-a- thon and a Data Palooza – 10,000 data entries corrected with 145 volunteers in 16 hours with 85% accuracy – 42
    43. 43. 43
    44. 44. at: 44
    45. 45. Looking for work or funding? 45
    46. 46. Growth in Big Data Jobs 46
    47. 47. Not Sure Where to Get Started… 47
    48. 48. Challenge.Gov— Investing in Innovation• Stimulate private sector investment• Improve skills of the participants• Hundreds of challenges• Millions of dollars• Provided by GSA 48
    49. 49. Race to the Rooftops• Make it faster, easier, and cheaper to install solar panels on home throughout the nation• $10M in prizes over two years• Department of Energy 49
    50. 50. Motorcoach Safety• 4,000 people are killed and >100,000 people are injured each year in crashes with large trucks and buses• Data from U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration• Challenge focuses on student entries 50
    51. 51. Take a breath… 51
    52. 52. Asthmapolis 52
    53. 53. Have you ever saved a life? 53
    54. 54. What if you couldhelp save 7,000,000 lives? 54
    55. 55. iTriage 55
    56. 56. Moving Open Data Forward 56
    57. 57. The Path Ahead• Bring data up and out of government to the public ★• Make data accessible and linked ★★★★★• Create communities to understand and apply data• Connect and collaborate with small businesses, industry, and academia to drive innovation• Continue to develop OGPL with community development• Share with others to understand global issues We need to securely architect our systems for interoperability and openness from conception. —Digital Government 57
    58. 58. A Global Movement HasBegun to ProvideTransparency and Democratization of Data Don’t see your site? Update via @usdatagov 58
    59. 59. What if you couldchange the world? 59
    60. 60. Change is Happening… 60
    61. 61. What Will You Do? 61
    62. 62. Let’s work together to set the data free! www.Data.Gov @usdatagov @JeanneHolm 62