Driving Innovation with Knowledge Sharing and Open Data


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Sharing how knowledge management and open data can drive innovation and change within an agency, to the nation, and globally

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  • Most popular types of datasets: geography and environment, health and nutrition, and national security and veterans affairs
  • Uses asthma patients aggregated GPS notations to create hot spots in communities where there are asthma issuesChanges individual behaviorFrom 65% daily incidence to 25% daily incidence of inhaler uses over a six month study
  • A parent has a child who is illAsk questions online at HealthTapFind a hospital and compare (Hospital Compare)That doctor recommends GPS-powered inhaler (Asthmapolis)Monitor asthma levels at school through Public School RecordsKnow in advance the best places to play, how to get to school, and how to plan your dayThe data delivered through the 172 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick childMore importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empower communities to make changes that improve the qualiy of life of citizens(ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferersCities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens
  • Driving Innovation with Knowledge Sharing and Open Data

    1. 1. Driving Innovation Through Knowledge Sharing Jeanne Holm Evangelist, Data.gov October 20, 2011
    2. 2. The KM Journey 2
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    4. 4. NASA SpaceBook • Social media meets intranet portals • Establish governance for social networks and sharing • Allow open community development of apps, widgets, and content • Open source 4
    5. 5. Communities for Collaboration FindIntegration to information documentmanagement Saved searchesand subscriptions Discussion s and Q&A Key lessons are integrated into the community 5
    6. 6. Finding NASA Experts via Social Networks Pulls expert attributes from existing systems Sort and Social browse network location, map shows project, and possible expertise experts in relation to searcherPOPS (People, Organizations, Projects, and Skills) 6
    7. 7. Baby Boomers to Gen X to Gen M • Socialization now occurs primarily online for the age group 6 through 30 • Fastest growing user bases to Facebook? Reality is in 35-54 year oldsbut – 276% growth nothing an illusion... year olds – 194% growth in 55+ • More people met their spouse online than albeit workpersistent one through a or friends—combined (the numbers double for 45-54 year olds) Albert Einstein 7
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    21. 21. Maximum Flow of Information and Knowledge• YouTube is now second largest search engine in the world• 1.5 million pieces of content shared daily on Facebook• On-line newspaper readers are up 30%• 250 million visitors each month to YouTube and Facebook• Mobile devices will be world’s primary connection tool to the Internet in 2020 As big an issue outside your organization as within it 21
    22. 22. Open Government Initiative • Transparency promotes accountability • Participation allows people to contribute ideas • Collaboration encourages cooperation within government and with industry 22
    23. 23. Creating a Data Ecosystem1. Gather data – from many places and give it freely to developers, scientists, and citizens2. Connect the community – in finding solutions to allow collaboration through social media, events, platforms3. Provide an infrastructure – built on standards4. Encourage technology developers – to create apps, maps, and visualizations of data that empower people’s choices “A Strategy for American5. Gather more data Innovation” published – and connect more people September 2009 23
    24. 24. US Open Government Action Plan• On 20 September 2011, President Obama announced at the UN General Assembly…• Contribute Data.gov as a platform – India and the U.S. creating open source platform – Will allow any country to create open data site• Foster communities on Data.gov – Health, energy, and law plus new communities in education, research and development, and public safety• Launch International Space Apps Competition – NASA and other space agencies will gather scientists and citizens – Use data for global challenges: weather impacts on global economy and depletion of ocean resources – A collaboration website will be created to facilitate citizen participation 24
    25. 25. Data.gov• Provides instant access to over 400,000 datasets in easy to use formats• Contributions from UN, World Bank, and 172 agencies• Encourage development of innovative applications• Drive innovation and knowledge use across the globe 25
    26. 26. Supporting Global Events Japanesetsunami, earthquake, and radiation monitoring Restore the Gulf: Deepwater Horizon Response 26
    27. 27. Learn at Data.gov• Resources for students and teachers• Examples of how data is being used to develop apps• Lesson plans and videos• Showcase your science fair project that uses government data! 27
    28. 28. Open Communities Community Restore the Gulf ✓ Open Data ✓ Semantic Web ✓ Health ✓ Law ✓ Energy ✓ Education Ocean Research and Development Public Safety Human rights + many more… 28
    29. 29. People Make Data Valuable • A platform for engagement – A rich social experience around data that promotes participation and gives people a voice – Provide ratings and comments that can be shared over social media – Recommend datasets and participate in communities – Powerful visualizations – Create a filtered view, a map, or a chart that represents what they’re interested in 29
    30. 30. Powered Through Advanced Technologies • Provides developers the tools and raw data formats to develop new capabilities • Partnership with W3C (eGov Interest Group) and with RPI for research in semantic web • Connected to other open data efforts across the world • Data hosted in the cloud • Open source platform • Builds on ontologies developed in specific areas 30
    31. 31. Easy to Find Data 31
    32. 32. The Power of Visualizations 32
    33. 33. Geospatial preview allows on- the-fly visualizations… 33
    34. 34. Achieving Global Leadership in Open Government DataFunding will drive abilityto reach these goals Communities: Citizens health, law, ethics… Developers K-12 Education • Search • Cloud-hosted data • Dataset access • Semantic • Communities technologies State, local, Academia • Geodata visualization tribal Data.Gov Services International Cloud Internal Industry Stakeholders Agencies Green = government Blue = external stakeholders 34
    35. 35. Open Data for the Economy• When the Department of Defense released satellite data…private industry created affordable GPS devices• Data from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) helped build weather-related business• Opportunities for private sector are limitless 35
    36. 36. Publicizing Data to Innovators• Challenges and code‐a- thons (health2challenge.org)• Many innovator “meetups” and conferences• Annual health data- paloozas• Over 139 applications• 50 new businesses• Thousands of lives improved each day 36
    37. 37. Creating Apps That Improve Lives: Asthmapolis 37
    38. 38. Creating Apps That Save Lives:iTriage and Hospital Compare 38
    39. 39. Creating Apps That Change Lives: Eat Your Vegetables and Food Deserts• Eat Your Vegetables uses Health and Human Services community health data and shows obesity rates by county• Food Deserts shows areas with a lack of access to fresh food• Combined can inform cities and citizens how to change their behavior• Games like Hungry Hiker helps kids make better choices – Apps for Healthy Kids sponsored by First Lady Michelle Obama 39
    40. 40. Use Case: Economic• Healthtap – Provides free, reliable, and independent health information through the use of open data and by building the world’s largest medical expert network tailored for young mothers and their children – Won 2010 Health 2.0 challenge – Success invigorated expansion and new hiring at HealthTap – Reaches to Data.gov datasets (along with others) 40
    41. 41. Real Outcomes = Better Lives• The data delivered through the 172 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick child or seeking medical information• More importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empowers communities to make changes that improve the quality of life of citizens – ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferers – Cities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens• Each company in Health 2.0 used government data to innovate and create high-value jobs here in America 41
    42. 42. Think Big, Start Small, Innovate Data.gov Quick Facts May 2009 October 2011Total datasets available 47 >400,000Hits to Data.gov 0 >200 millionApps and mash-ups by citizens and government 0 372 + 1113RDF triples for semantic applications 0 6.7 billionDataset downloads 0 >2.0 millionNations establishing open data sites 0 28States offering open data sites 0 31Cities in North America with open data sites 0 13Open data contacts in Federal agencies 24 396Agencies and subagencies participating 7 185Communities 0 7Community challenges 0 23 42
    43. 43. The Path Ahead• Bring data up and out of government to the public ★• Make data accessible and linked ★★★★★• Provide simple ways to visualize the data• Create communities to understand and apply data• Connect and collaborate with small businesses, industry, and academia to drive innovation• Develop open source open government data platform with India for global use and further community development• Share with others to understand global issues Be the change you want to see in the world – Ghandi 43
    44. 44. A Global Movement HasBegun to ProvideTransparency and Democratization of Data Don’t see your site? Update via @usdatagov 44
    45. 45. Let’s work together to set the data free! www.Data.Gov @usdatagov jholm@jpl.nasa.gov @JeanneHolm 45