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Driving Innovation (Pepperdine)

Driving Innovation (Pepperdine)



Driving Innovation presentation for Dr. Mark Chun at Pepperdine University

Driving Innovation presentation for Dr. Mark Chun at Pepperdine University



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  • Most popular types of datasets: geography and environment, health and nutrition, and national security and veterans affairs
  • Uses asthma patients aggregated GPS notations to create hot spots in communities where there are asthma issuesChanges individual behaviorFrom 65% daily incidence to 25% daily incidence of inhaler uses over a six month study
  • A parent has a child who is illAsk questions online at HealthTapFind a hospital and compare (Hospital Compare)That doctor recommends GPS-powered inhaler (Asthmapolis)Monitor asthma levels at school through Public School RecordsKnow in advance the best places to play, how to get to school, and how to plan your dayThe data delivered through the 172 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick childMore importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empower communities to make changes that improve the qualiy of life of citizens(ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferersCities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens

Driving Innovation (Pepperdine) Driving Innovation (Pepperdine) Presentation Transcript

  • Driving Innovation withOpen Data and Knowledge Sharing Jeanne Holm Evangelist, Data.gov January 7, 2012
  • Change is Happening…January 7, 2012 2
  • What Will You Do?January 7, 2012 3
  • PeoplePeople  Knowledge  Problems The Times They Are A’Changing January 7, 2012 4
  • Generations Share Differently• 1930-50’s era generation – Focus on society – Friendships are forged through adversity• 1960-70’s era generation – Focus on community – Friendships forged through identification with a cause• 1980-90’s era generation – Focus on the individual – Friendships forged through individual goal accomplishment• 2000’s era generation – Focus on common interests – Friendships are created or thrive virtually… January 7, 2012 5
  • Trust and Reciprocity• Trust can be built on • Personal experience • “I know you” • Shared experience • “We both worked on the same project” • Transfer of trust • “We know the same person who trusts us” • Shared values • “We agree to operate by the same rules” January 7, 2012 6
  • The Learning JourneyJanuary 7, 2012 7
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  • NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012 9
  • NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012 10
  • Communities for Collaboration January 7, 2012 11
  • Finding NASA ExpertsJanuary 7, 2012 12
  • Defining the Competitive Edge• Historically, innovation and breakthrough ideas and technologies occur at the edges and boundaries of networks• Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions describes such radical innovation as a paradigm shift – Astronomy: Ptolemy to Copernicus – Biology: Creation to Darwinian evolution – Politics: English monarchy to Magna Carta• Where will your innovation occur? January 7, 2012 13
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  • Our Modes of Communication Keep Changing• YouTube is now second largest search engine in the world• 1.5 million pieces of content shared daily on Facebook• 250 million visitors each month to YouTube and Facebook• Mobile devices will be world’s primary connection tool to the Internet in 2020 January 7, 2012 26
  • Open Government Initiative • Transparency promotes accountability • Participation allows people to contribute ideas • Collaboration encourages cooperation within government and with industry January 7, 2012 27
  • Creating a Data Ecosystem1. Gather data – from many places and give it freely to developers, scientists, and citizens2. Connect the community – in finding solutions to allow collaboration through social media, events, platforms3. Provide an infrastructure – built on standards4. Encourage technology developers – to create apps, maps, and visualizations of data that empower people’s choices “A Strategy for American5. Gather more data Innovation” published – and connect more people September 2009 January 7, 2012 28
  • Data.gov • Provides instant access to over 400,000 datasets in easy to use formats • Contributions from UN, World Bank, and 185 agencies • Encourage development of innovative applications • Drive innovation and knowledge use across the globeJanuary 7, 2012 29
  • Easy to Find DataJanuary 7, 2012 30
  • The Power of VisualizationsJanuary 7, 2012 31
  • Powered Through Advanced Technologies • Provides developers the tools and raw data formats to develop new capabilities • Partnership with W3C (eGov Interest Group) and with RPI for research in semantic web • Connected to other open data efforts across the world • Data hosted in the cloud • Open source platform • Builds on ontologies developed in specific areasJanuary 7, 2012 32
  • Learn at Data.gov• Resources for students and teachers• Examples of how data is being used to develop apps• Lesson plans and videos• Showcase your science fair project that uses government data! January 7, 2012 33
  • Open Data for the Economy• When the Department of Defense released satellite data…private industry created affordable GPS devices• Data from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) helped build weather-related business• Opportunities for private sector are limitless January 7, 2012 34
  • Open Communities Community Restore the Gulf ✓ Open Data ✓ Semantic Web ✓ Health ✓ Law ✓ Energy ✓ Education Ocean Research and Development Public Safety Human rights + many more…January 7, 2012 35
  • Supporting Global EventsJapanese tsunami, earthquake, and radiation monitoring Restore the Gulf: Deepwater Horizon Response January 7, 2012 36
  • Health.Data.gov Champion: Todd Park Chief Technology Officer US Dept. of Health and Human Services Apps Forums BlogsChallenges January 7, 2012 37
  • Publicizing Data to Innovators• Challenges and code‐a- thons (health2challenge.org)• Many innovator “meetups” and conferences• Annual health data- paloozas• Over 139 applications• 50 new businesses• Thousands of lives improved each day January 7, 2012 38
  • Creating Apps That Improve Lives: Asthmapolis January 7, 2012 39
  • Creating Apps That Save Lives:iTriage and Hospital Compare January 7, 2012 40
  • Creating Apps That Change Lives: Eat Your Vegetables and Food Deserts• Eat Your Vegetables uses Health and Human Services community health data and shows obesity rates by county• Food Deserts shows areas with a lack of access to fresh food• Combined can inform cities and citizens how to change their behavior• Games like Hungry Hiker helps kids make better choices – Apps for Healthy Kids sponsored by First Lady Michelle Obama January 7, 2012 41
  • Use Case: Economic• Healthtap – Provides free, reliable, and independent health information through the use of open data and by building the world’s largest medical expert network tailored for young mothers and their children – Won 2010 Health 2.0 challenge – Success invigorated expansion and new hiring at HealthTap – Reaches to Data.gov datasets (along with others) January 7, 2012 42
  • Real Outcomes = Better Lives• The data delivered through the 185 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick child or seeking medical information• More importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empowers communities to make changes that improve the quality of life of citizens – ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferers – Cities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens• Each company in Health 2.0 used government data to innovate and create high-value jobs here in America January 7, 2012 43
  • Think Big, Start Small, Innovate Data.gov Quick Facts May 2009 October 2011Total datasets available 47 >400,000Hits to Data.gov 0 >200 millionApps and mash-ups by citizens and government 0 372 + 1113RDF triples for semantic applications 0 6.7 billionDataset downloads 0 >2.0 millionNations establishing open data sites 0 28States offering open data sites 0 31Cities in North America with open data sites 0 13Open data contacts in Federal agencies 24 396Agencies and subagencies participating 7 185Communities 0 7Community challenges 0 23 January 7, 2012 44
  • Energy Drives Innovation• Energy.Data.gov connects innovators, industry, academia, and government at federal, state, and local levels January 7, 2012 45
  • Challenges Spark Ideas• Energy.Data.gov connects works with challenges across the nation to integrate federal data and bring government personnel to code-a-thons January 7, 2012 46
  • Data Drives Decisions• Apps transform data in understandable ways to help people make decisions January 7, 2012 47
  • The Path Ahead• Bring data up and out of government to the public ★• Make data accessible and linked ★★★★★• Provide simple ways to visualize the data• Create communities to understand and apply data• Connect and collaborate with small businesses, industry, and academia to drive innovation• Develop open source open government data platform with India for global use and further community development• Share with others to understand global issues Be the change you want to see in the world – Ghandi January 7, 2012 48
  • US Open Government Action Plan• On 20 September 2011, President Obama announced at the UN General Assembly…• Contribute Data.gov as a platform – India and the U.S. creating open source platform – Will allow any country to create open data site• Foster communities on Data.gov – Health, energy, and law plus new communities in education, research and development, and public safety• Launch International Space Apps Competition – NASA and other space agencies will gather scientists and citizens – Use data for global challenges: weather impacts on global economy and depletion of ocean resources – A collaboration website will be created to facilitate citizen participation January 7, 2012 49
  • Open Data at Cities, Counties, and States January 7, 2012 50
  • A Global Movement HasBegun to ProvideTransparency and Democratization of Data Don’t see your site? Update via @usdatagov January 7, 2012 51
  • Let’s work together to set the data free! www.Data.Gov @usdatagov jholm@jpl.nasa.gov @JeanneHolm January 7, 2012 52