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Starting a Butterfly Garden

Starting a Butterfly Garden



A presentation with photos sharing how to start a butterfly garden. Given to a local gardening group in Virginia in April, 2013. (Gardening is my hobby....marketing and writing, my business!)

A presentation with photos sharing how to start a butterfly garden. Given to a local gardening group in Virginia in April, 2013. (Gardening is my hobby....marketing and writing, my business!)



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    Starting a Butterfly Garden Starting a Butterfly Garden Presentation Transcript

    • Starting a ButterflyGardenJeanne Grunert
    • What Is a ButterflyGarden?  Garden planted to attract butterflies (and moths)  Includes plants for shelter, nectar and host  Can be part of a complete backyard wildlife habit that includes plants to attract birds and other wildlife
    • Why Create a ButterflyGarden?  Beauty and enjoyment  Great gardening activity for children  Diminishing natural habitats for butterflies and moths  Most plants are low maintenance, drought tolerant, beautiful  Attracts pollinators
    • Butterfly Garden Design &Care  Full sun to part shade  Garden size  Container butterfly garden  Small garden  Large garden  Include screening plants or site near something that keeps wind from butterflies  Choose perennial plants that bloom spring through fall for continuous color; include annuals  Group plants together by color; masses of the same color or tone tends to attract more butterflies  Native plants support local butterfly species  Avoid use of pesticides  Place garden near the home (or include a bench in the design) so you can enjoy the butterflies!
    • Water Sources  “Mud Puddles” - Water sources are optional, but probably appreciated by butterflies  Many butterflies like to drink from salty mud puddles. You can see them on damp rocks, gravel or sand. Create a mud puddle by digging a shallow depression and lining it gravel.  Commercial “butterfly puddle” bowls feature a shallow cement bowl with pebbles – just add water.  You can also use an old bird bath top if the base breaks. A birdbath is fine, but the birds will use it more than the butterflies.
    • Plants for the Garden  Shelter  Butterflies dislike high winds and seek shelter on windy days. Including plants for shelter such as Buddleia (butterfly bush) provides both food and shelter.  Nectar  Nectar producing plants are typically flowering perennials and annuals  Native plants are especially beneficial  Host plants  Provide food for larvae
    • Host Plants  Each butterfly species seeks a specific host plant  Include a variety to benefit more butterflies  Common host (larvae) plants include:  Parsley (Eastern Black Swallowtail)  Violets (Great Spangled Fritillary  Dogwoods, virburnum (Spring Azure)  Milkweed (also a nectar plant) (Monarch)  Nettles (Comma, Red Admiral)  Dill, mint
    • Shelter and Nectar Buddleia (Butterfly Bush) Prolific seeder (deadhead if you don’t want seeds) Easy care, cut back in fall 10-15 feet tall White, lavender, purple, dark purple, bicolor
    • Nectar Plants: Purple andBlue Flowers Nepeta (Cat Mint) and Salvia “May Night” Lavender Hidcote Centaurea cyanus (Cornflower, Bachelor’s Buttons) Phlox subulata
    • Nectar Plants: Orange andYellow Coreopsis and marigolds (above) Lantana (above right) Rudbeckia (Black-Eyed Susan) Gaillardia
    • Nectar Plants: Pink
    • Examples of OtherButterfly Garden Plants  New England Aster  Coreopsis major  Bee Balm (Monarda  Joe Pye Weed didyma) (Eupatorium maculatum)  Black-eyed Susan  Maximillian’s Sunflowers (Rudbeckia hirta ) (Helianthus maximilianii )  Cardinal Flower (Lobelia  Phlox (Phlox subulata) cardinalis )  Purple Coneflower  Butterfly weed (Echinacea purpurea ) (Asclepius tuberosa )  Common violet  Virginia Bluebell  Yarrow  Daylilies
    • A Simple Plan Butterfly Perennials - Butterfly Bush Salvia, daylilies, Bush nepeta Zinnia Zinnia Annual border – sweet alyssum, marigolds, petunias
    • My Butterfly Garden Started 2008 Sloping ground,, highly acidic soil, clay, full sun to part shade We used a “kit” of plants from a nursery catalog. Came with starter plants and a garden plan. Sort of like paint by numbers gardening. Major plants: •Achillea •Butterfly bush •Cardinal flower •Catmint •Columbine •Lantana •Marigolds •Monarda •Salvia •Zinnias
    • For More Information  Virginia Cooperative Extension – Wildlife Habitats: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/426/426- 070/426-070.html  Colorado Extension – Attracting Butterflies to the Garden: http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/insect/05504 .html  Ohio Cooperative Extension – Butterfly Gardens (with extensive plant list): http://ohioline.osu.edu/w-fact/pdf/0012.pdf
    • Credits and Copyright  Presentation and all photographs were created by Jeanne Grunert.  Copyright © 2013 by Jeanne Grunert.  Shared under the following terms:  No commercial use  No modifications permitted  Please credit Jeanne Grunert and link to: www.getyourhandsdirtygardening.com  License details: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/  Please contact me for any questions or other permission requests. I can be reached by email at jeanne@marketing-writer.com
    • Thank you!My Gardening Blog –www.getyourhandsdirtygardening.com