TABLES OF CONTENTS Slides NumberMeaning of St. Peter 03History of St. Peter Basilica 04Parts of St. Peter Basilica 06Exterior Part 11Right Aisle and Right Transept 13Left Transept and Left Aisle 16Four Piers 19Pictures in St. Peter 20Bibliography 26
*Italian: San Pietro in Vaticano*It remains one of the holiest sites* The largest church ever built* It is the major basilica in Vatican City* an enclave of Rome
1st Century AD- hosted the Circus of Nero- St. Peter was martyred in the Circus- Emperor Constantine began construction on a Great basilica- shrine of St. Peter is still the central focus
Mid 15th Century- the old basilica should be rebuilt- Pope Nicholas V asked architect Bernardo Rossellino to start adding to the old church- late 15th century Pope Sixtus IV had the Sistine Chapel- Construction on the current building began under Pope Julius II in 1506- was completed in 1615 under Pope Paul V Donato Bramante was to be the first chief architect.- Michelangelo, who served as main architect for awhile, designed the dome.- Bernini designed the great St. Peters Square
St. Peters Square (Piazza San Pietro) - designed by Bernini and built between 1656 and 1667. - Two beautiful FOUNTAIN in the square. * the south/left one by Carlo Maderno (1613) * northern/right one by Bernini (1675) - center of the square is a 25.5-meter-tall OBELISK. - The square is outlined by a monumental colonnade by Bernini.
EXTERIOR - The Dome of St. Peters was designed by Michelangelo - Dome was vaulted between 1585 and 1590 * by the architect Giacomo della Porta * assistance of Domenico Fontana - Fontana built the lantern the following year, and the ball was placed in 1593.Great Double Dome - made of brick - 42.3 metres in interior diameter - rising to 120 metres above the (almost as large as the Pantheon) floor
Right Aisle and Right Transept- first major sight is Michelangelos beautiful Pietà * Located in the right entrance- Up the aisle is the monument of Queen Christina of Sweden-Halfway to the transept is the large Chapel of the Blessed SacramentRight Transept - contains three Right Aislealtars. - St Wenceslas - It runs Pier of St. Longinus is - St. Processo the body of Pope John XXIII, - St. Martiniano displayed in a glass case beneath the Altar of St. Jerome.
LEFT TRANSEPT AND LEFT AISLELEFT AISLE - west of the transept, is the Chapel of the Column - On its south side is the Altar of Our Lady of the ColumnLEFT TRANSEPT - is the monument to Pope Alexander (Chigi) VII -It contains the altars of St. Peters Crucifixion, St. Joseph (pictured at right) and St. Thomas.
- St Helena, Constantines mother-St Longinus, spear in the side of Christ at the crucifixion-St Andrew, diagonal cross upon which he was martyred-St Veronica, veil Christ used to wipe his face on the way to Calvary
PICTURES IN ST. PETER’S BASILICASt. Peters in 1630. St. Peter’s in 2012 night view Note: The bell towers, which no longer exist.