Cultural revolution diary entries ppt


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Cultural revolution diary entries ppt

  1. 1. HS student from the Cultural Revolution By: Amanda 8-7
  2. 2. Introduction When MaoZedong decided that he wanted more power from at the central committee, he killed many other leaders in the party. In fact, every leader until the point where his power could not be rivaled by anyone. And to gain even more control over China, he started a revolution called the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, 1966. It was his attempt to create a new China with an economy better than Britain‟s and good enough to rival America‟s. But most importantly, to create a new China. Life was hardest at the start of the Revolution. If you weren‟t careful and revealed any negativity towards the Cultural Revolution, you were beaten/tortured/killed by the red Guards, who were high school students called by Mao ZeDong to join up together and remove the „impure‟ elements of the Cultural Revolution.
  3. 3. Beginning This is a boy who comes from a humble family in the big city of Shanghai. As a student, he has always kept up and generally done quite well in his studies, particularly excelling at the sciences. His family suffered greatly at the beginning of the Great Leap Forward, but his mother went back to her hometown where she had a private estate and mini farmland so he and his father could share her food rations. He became a Red Guard at the age of 16, in the year 1966.
  4. 4. It was 10:15 am in the morning exactly, and we were all sitting down quietly at our desks. I thought about what the teacher was saying, and then decided that what he was teaching wasn‟t important because I already knew it. I spun the wooden pencil around in my hand, looking out of the windows. The sun was beating down on me and I felt dizzy. The teacher will not notice because I sit in the middle left side of the classroom of sixty students. I went outside to refill my water bottle, walking to the water sink. It had something scribbled on the side of it. I moved my face closer and read the words: Red Guard. I thought about it for a second, and didn‟t understand the meaning of it. But I was not feeling like going back to the classroom, so I went outside on the balcony and looked down. Then something immediately caught my eye. Something was in the newspapers. Why else would there be a gathering crowd in front of the newspaper stall? I went down the stairs on the side of the balcony, a total of five flights of stairs. I asked them what was going on, and two of them told me: at the recent meeting between the communist party, Mao had ordered the students in Senior School to form Red Guards for the purpose of removing the „impure‟ elements of this revolution. I didn‟t comprehend in the beginning. Everything seemed fine- why are we doing this? Life was so peaceful, and everyone was working so hard? What did Mao see in this life that was bad for this revolution? Will it really help if there were Red Guards who joined together to remove any bourgeois and feudal influences? My mind was burning from thinking so hard. Then I looked up, towards the other end of the street, where I saw two ladies arm in arm, holding up their fancy new bag, which kept on glistening in the sunlight. Then they were walking towards a man in a neat suit. Immediately I knew that these decadent people would be in trouble if the kept on acting like this. They owned too many unnecessary luxuries. It was called the 5.16 Circular. Just yesterday we had all gathered at the Square to hail our beloved Chairman Mao. It was a wild scene where from the top only faces and red flags could be seen among the crowd. That same afternoon, all students of our entire school were called on for a meeting in the school piazza. Students from all four years of the school filed down the stairs, and took to sitting down all together. The school announced that they were going to form Red Guards for our school by selecting the top 20 students of each class. There will be many, many of People at the Square, gathering to meet Chairman Mao
  5. 5. 2 Red Guards walking in the city
  6. 6. 13.9.1971 When I received the fast-spreading news of Lin Biao‟s death and betrayal, I never thought it would lead to a day like today. Lin Biao was a man I liked and followed! That‟s why I couldn‟t believe my own eyes when I saw the news on the papers. It was the first few words hanging on people‟s mouths when they first see you around. However there are rumours saying that Chairman Mao himself had plotted this violent death in order to keep having more power than Lin Biao. And what will happen to us now that Lin Biao‟s powerbase has surely collapsed? The word had spread to me a few mornings ago when I was walking outside today to buy newspapers and to collect our family‟s food rations. The man behind the newspaper stalls hung all the newspapers in a different way. All the papers with Lin Biao‟s news on the top were displayed on the top of the newspaper stall, hung in a line. I was walking, past the phone box, along the familiar path I always took. There was a small crowd of people standing before him and ten he waved at me when he saw me- we are old friends and you could say he watched me grow up. And now these news are replaced with the news of the Gang of Four- four leaders that are taking over as the new political leaders. There was a sort of excitement among the others, but I can‟t help feeling sad. All this time, Lin Biao had been such a trustworthy leader! And now with the Gang of Four in his place, I don‟t know if things will ever turn out as he wanted them to. A freezing breeze rushes through the windows, and I hold my breath, but still I feel the dominance of the Gang of Four becoming more and more real. Lin Biao when he was still alive. with the Little Red Book that he made, „a book full of Mao‟s quotes‟
  7. 7. Today might have been quite fitting for a gloomy grey day. But this morning was a particularly sunny April morning, a day that we were supposed to be mourning. But the central authorities has removed Qingmingjie from our calendar. When I heard that I immediately thought of my deceased grandfather, and a wave of sadness settled in. He was so good to me and I loved him equally much. So today I could definitely not leave him at his grave alone. There on the windowsill already lay the flowers in the brown basket and everything else my sister and I had prepared, including the paper money that we traditionally burn to heaven. I have to go see him and bring him our best wishes. The first rays of daylight hit the stone of our home as I made my way to the factory. When I was walking to the other side of the gunpowder manufacture, a few people murmured about protests at the Square. I inched closer, and got an earful of what they were saying. Zhou Enlai was a man whom many men revered, and to limit their mourning for him had crossed the line. Also I heard someone say: have you seen those people outside in the pavement? Girls walking in liked arms, boys in clusters, children running ahead of couples on a weekend. It‟s extraordinary that they‟re so free when we‟re locked up in here day after day! Some of them immediately dropped their tools or work at hand and walked off. I followed some of them, and alas, they were heading for the Square. We gathered, the ten thousands of us, one by one to the Tiananmen Square. A soldier stood next to me, and when I looked at him he smiled down at me and asked me if I was native to Shanghai. No ones knew who called everyone here. Soon the Gang of Four‟s men came, forcing the crowd to disperse. And immediately after the incident, we faced was the removal of Deng XiaoPing. They say that he was being accused to planning this event at Vice Premier Zhou En Lai
  8. 8. „The goal was to create a strong China‟, the government worker said. But where have they gotten us? I am now 26 years old; ten years older than the first day I became a Red Guard. Looking back, there are many good memories. I can‟t believe those few years flew by like that. Everyday was an adventure, writing new things everyday in another page of our thousand-page book. It was the first time in so long I had had control of my own life. We ran around the country on the trees, with our heads out of the window, shouting into the air. When I close my eyes, I can still remember the many nights making dazibaos for Mao, taking up half of the road on a street corner. Believing only Mao could help us. Day after day, we made him more and more powerful. But now it seems as if all that happened in another life. The Cultural Revolution is over. We heard the news that spread fast throughout the capital city, and was announced Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, the State Council, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and the party's Military Affairs Commission. At dawn, my siblings and I visited Tiananmen Square. We came in front of the huge picture of Mao, where we all saluted to him in unison, five black armbands up to our heads at the same time. Suddenly everything that has happened in the past few years rushed back to me. This man, that has brought tens of millions to their death, and our smoldering attempt at destroying the Old China. I even remembered the faces of those we tormented for protesting how life was before all this. With one last look at the tall red flags waving beside his portrait, we left. At times we still can‟t help but wonder what will happen to this control after the surprise death of its leader. On our way back home as we are walking down the streets, there‟s only one word that is written on everyone‟s faces: uncertainty. You can see it in their eyes that no one really knows what the future holds. And even though every one is having their own little chat, there still hangs a silence among each one of us. But silence was golden. It‟s our time to think about the situation we‟re in right now and what we are going to do next. And I am not the government worker I thought I would grow up to be. They told me Death of Mao Ze Dong in 1766
  9. 9. Ending From Red Guard to factory worker, he lived a safe life during the Cultural Revolution. His younger sister became a Little Red Guard during the latter years of the Cultural Revolution. However his spirit for the Red Guards never rose high again the way it did in his youth. His eyes wouldn‟t shine bright again when he was „removing the impure elements of China‟. He is just a normal working man now, in his twenties. Now that the revolution has ended, he knows it has been for nothing, even though much has changed since then. But a good man works hard, and the arrow can only be shot by pulling backwards. So he will keep his head up and keep aiming.
  10. 10. Conclusion Many people were killed during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Many people ended up hating Mao due to the fact that he ruined their lives by not letting them get college education, and instead spending their high school years attacking people, and „revolutionizing‟. Mao ruined an entire generation of people. The Four Olds were mainly destroyed during the Cultural Revolution when many people tried to create a New China. Lots and lot of cultural heritage were destroyed and many old works from China lost. Right now, China is the country with the fastest growing economy in the world. Although the recent years has had the greatest influence on this, the Cultural Revolution was what launched this spirit in many of the Chinese People. Life is now easier than it was before, there is more freedom, and people can freely express their opinions without having to risk being caught and
  11. 11. Citations "Our Campaigns - Candidate - Mao Zedong." Our Campaigns Candidate - Mao Zedong. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. < D=35790>. "ArchivoLIN BIAO." Archivo Lin Biao. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <>. "Cold War International History Project's Cold War Files." Cold War International History Project's Cold War Files. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <>. "China Years: The Leaders and Their Red Guards | The China Times." China Years: The Leaders and Their Red Guards | The China Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <>. "Red Guards (China)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.