Proseminar in Cross-National Studies: From Idea to Publishing in the Social Sciences


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Proseminar in Cross-National Studies: From Idea to Publishing in the Social Sciences

  1. 1. Proseminar in Cross-National Studies From Idea to Publishing in the Social Sciences Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow, Cross-National Studies: Interdisciplinary Research and Training (CONSIRT) Program
  2. 2. <ul><li>This is what the presentation will cover: </li></ul><ul><li>I. Structure/organization of empirical research articles </li></ul><ul><li>Content and Introduction sections </li></ul><ul><li>Theory and hypotheses sections </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Data and methods sections </li></ul><ul><li>V. Results sections </li></ul><ul><li>VI. Conclusion and discussion sections </li></ul><ul><li>VII. Framing papers for publication </li></ul><ul><li>Practical considerations for pursuing article length research </li></ul><ul><li>We will use the following research article as reference: </li></ul><ul><li>Guestzkow, Joshua, Michele Lamont and Gregoire Mallard. 2004. “What is Originality in the Humanities and the Social Sciences?” American Sociological Review 69(April): 190-212. </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Structure/Organization <ul><li>The structure of empirical research articles most familiar to readers (and reviewers): </li></ul><ul><li>1. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2. Theory and hypotheses </li></ul><ul><li>3. Data and methods </li></ul><ul><li>4. Results </li></ul><ul><li>5. Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>6. Appendix </li></ul>
  4. 4. II. Content and Introduction <ul><li>Articles should be as short as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Read as a reviewer – a hostile, picayune-minded reviewer – would read it </li></ul><ul><li>Be clear </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the question: SO WHAT? </li></ul>
  5. 5. III. Theory and hypotheses <ul><li>Empirical papers must go beyond mere description </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit, clear and concise definition of the main concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Connections between concepts must also be explicitly stated </li></ul><ul><li>Explicitly theorize each variable’s effect on the dependent variable </li></ul><ul><li>Clear hypotheses: Hypothesis 1: Controlling for household size, the greater the household income, the greater probability of attending university. </li></ul>
  6. 6. IV. Data and Methods <ul><li>Who : Units of analysis: individuals? Organizations? Countries? </li></ul><ul><li>What : Type of data: interviews? Survey? Participant observation? </li></ul><ul><li>When : Year(s) data was collected </li></ul><ul><li>Where : Where was data collected? Country or countries and relevant social, political and other historical context of the data </li></ul><ul><li>Why : Why is this data best suited to addressing your research question? </li></ul>
  7. 7. IV. Data and Methods <ul><li>Validity, reliability and biases must be explicitly stated </li></ul><ul><li>Method section must describe the procedure clearly; it should address concerns of those who are unfamiliar with the methods you use, and the specialists </li></ul>
  8. 8. V. Results <ul><li>Results should highlight major findings, and relevant minor findings. </li></ul><ul><li>All of these are foreshadowing for the conclusion and discussion section. </li></ul><ul><li>Each hypothesis must be addressed. </li></ul><ul><li>All parts of tables should be addressed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. VI. Conclusion and discussions <ul><li>Begin with a restatement of the goal of the paper and what data/methods are used. </li></ul><ul><li>Should contain a summary of the major findings and their implications for advancing theory or methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Should discuss the major limitations of the study. This is a good way to introduce suggestions for future research. </li></ul>
  10. 10. VII. Framing papers for publication <ul><li>Proper framing of the paper requires knowledge of: </li></ul><ul><li>A. The field </li></ul><ul><li>B. What’s in the literature, what’s not, and what is needed </li></ul><ul><li>C. The journals, specifically the types of articles they publish </li></ul>Ideally, you would write an article with one or two journals in mind.
  11. 11. VIII. Practical considerations for pursuing article length research <ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Do </li></ul><ul><li>Seek Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Accept Rejection, and Move Forward </li></ul>