Gender and the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election

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Gender issues and the 2008 U.S. Presidential election

Gender issues and the 2008 U.S. Presidential election

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  • 1. Gender Inequality and the 2008 Presidential Election
  • 2. What is Gender Inequality ? Gender inequality focuses on the unequal access to power, privilege and prestige between men and women in society. Gender is usually considered as a social construct
  • 3. The Status of Women in Modern Industrial Societies
    • Studies of gender stratification in modern industrial societies tend to focus on:
    • 1.   Occupational segregation
    • 2.   Income inequality (women get less return on their educational investment than men)
    • 3.   Feminization of poverty
    • 4.  Glass ceiling effects
    • 5.  Work and childcare issues
    • 6. Gender inequality in politics
  • 4. Median Weekly Earnings ($) by Sex for Selected Occupations 2007 http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswom2007.pdf Men Women Difference Management Chief Executives 1918 1536 -382 Computer and information systems managers 1596 1363 -233 M edical and health services managers 1414 1063 -351 Education aministrators 1371 960 -411 Non-Management Accountants and auditors 1186 858 -328 Computer programmer 1268 1074 -194 Social Worker 764 754 -10 Lawyer 1783 1381 -402 Secondary School Teacher 1001 900 -101 Pharmacist 1887 1603 -284 Nursing, psychiatric and home health aide 500 416 -84 Telemarketer 422 391 -31
  • 5. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. See also http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswom2007.pdf
  • 6. „ ... white female advantage in college completion is largely attributable to a declining rate of college completion among boys whose fathers were high school educated or absent. ” From: Buchmann and DiPrete (2006) American Sociological Review Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded to Men and Women in the United States, 1959–2004 Source: U.S. Department of Education. 2004. Digest of Education Statistics, Table 247.
  • 7. http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=77
  • 8. Poverty Rates in the U.S. by Sex, 1966 - 2007 http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/histpov/perindex.html Table 7
  • 9. Poverty Status in the U.S. by Age and Sex: 1999 http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/censr-20.pdf
  • 10. http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/fast_facts/levels_of_office/documents/elective.pdf