Gender Inequality and the 2008 Presidential Election
What is Gender Inequality ? Gender inequality focuses on the unequal access to power, privilege and prestige between men and women in society. Gender is usually considered as a social construct
The Status of Women in Modern Industrial Societies <ul><li>Studies of gender stratification in modern industrial societies tend to focus on: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Occupational segregation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Income inequality (women get less return on their educational investment than men) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Feminization of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>4. Glass ceiling effects </li></ul><ul><li>5. Work and childcare issues </li></ul><ul><li>6. Gender inequality in politics </li></ul>
Median Weekly Earnings ($) by Sex for Selected Occupations 2007 http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswom2007.pdf Men Women Difference Management Chief Executives 1918 1536 -382 Computer and information systems managers 1596 1363 -233 M edical and health services managers 1414 1063 -351 Education aministrators 1371 960 -411 Non-Management Accountants and auditors 1186 858 -328 Computer programmer 1268 1074 -194 Social Worker 764 754 -10 Lawyer 1783 1381 -402 Secondary School Teacher 1001 900 -101 Pharmacist 1887 1603 -284 Nursing, psychiatric and home health aide 500 416 -84 Telemarketer 422 391 -31
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. See also http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswom2007.pdf
„ ... white female advantage in college completion is largely attributable to a declining rate of college completion among boys whose fathers were high school educated or absent. ” From: Buchmann and DiPrete (2006) American Sociological Review Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded to Men and Women in the United States, 1959–2004 Source: U.S. Department of Education. 2004. Digest of Education Statistics, Table 247.